Introduction

The 2008 Mumbai attacks left many people dead as terrorists from Pakistan attacked several venues. Research indicates that the terrorist relied a lot on reconnaissance before executing their plans. Thus, this indicates that if the Patriot Act and Aviation and Transportation Security Act could have been in place they could have contributed significantly to lessening the severity of the attacks or preventing them altogether. It is essential to note that the Patriot Act was enacted to reduce the restrictions regarding to gathering of intelligence by law enforcement agencies. The law was also passed to reduce the freedom of the American public while at the same time regulate financial transactions in the US. On the other hand, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act was a law set for the purposes of improving the safety regarding all transport system in US. These two acts could have been beneficial to the 2008 Mumbai attacks as they could have enabled the prevention of the attacks and the identification of the firearms as will be discussed below.

This paper explains the significance of the Patriot Act and Aviation and Transportation Security Act in relation to the 2008 Mumbai attacks.

Firstly, the Patriot Act would have been beneficial to the 2008 attacks because it advocates for a reduction of people’s freedoms in relation to gathering of intelligence information. This would have facilitated the authorities in the country to be able to gather information concerning the attacks prior to their occurrence. The fact that this act also provides for a regulation of financial transactions could also be beneficial to 2008 Mumbai attacks, as it could have been easier to identify suspicious financial transactions, which were done by the terrorist group, to facilitate their plan. Lastly, the Patriot Act would have been beneficial in the 2008 Mumbai attacks as the border security provision of the act could have ensured increased border patrols and increased border personnel to eliminate chances of unauthorized people crossing the country’s border.

On the other hand, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act could have been beneficial during the 2008 Mumbai attacks as it seeks to increase safety in all forms of transport. Thus, the attack that happened at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus could have been prevented as the two gunmen could have being screened thoroughly for ammunition. In addition, the two gunmen could have not attacked the bus termini if the act was in place because they would fear being caught with ammunition. Secondly, this act could have benefited the 2008 Mumbai attacks as the Taxis that were bombed could have been screened for bombs and monitored closely for any terrorist threats by the authority.

My decision is influenced by the fact that India did not have stringent anti-terrorist laws by the time of the 2008 Mumbai attacks, which proves how unprepared the country was at the time of the attacks. Another point that influences my decision is the fact that two gunmen could walk undetected into a bus terminus with weapons. This invokes a sense of insecurity into a person, and the best solution available is for the provision of a law that will ensure the safety of all passengers through administering of effective searches on all people entering and exiting a terminus.

In conclusion, the 2008 Mumbai attacks could have been prevented if the Patriot Act and Aviation and Transportation Security Act were in place. These two acts could have beefed up security through ensuring illegal immigrants did not enter the country. All people entering and exiting terminuses should be subjected to a thorough inspection, and that all financial transactions within the country are closely monitored to reduce instances of terrorist transferring money to facilitate their wicked activity. 

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