Pros and Cons of Plea Bargaining

The plea bargaining is the legal accord or agreement that is done between the defendant and the court’s prosecutors in a case of criminal charges. In this scenario, a court prosecutor provides a chance to the defendant to accept a guilty plea to a charge that is lesser than the initial one. This can sometimes include allowing the defendant to plead guilty to a charge lesser than the maximum sentence. Various factors influence the case outcome towards a plea bargain. It is worth noting that before a plea decision is made, the prosecutors and the defendant take time to analyze whether the case has a strong appeal that can enable it to proceed to full trial. Occasionally, the rate of public involvement affects decision of the prosecutor against the defendant. The decision by the defendant to proceed on trial is a risky adventure, as the jury’s decision and outcome are unpredictable. For this reason, most defendants opt for a plea bargain in order to settle the case with the prosecution’s side. This marks the first advantage of the plea bargaining system. It eradicates the levels of uncertainty of a person who is accused to prevent facing maximum trial (Find Law, n.d.).  Most courts have incomplete cases that cause congestion, hence reducing the justice process. Adapting the plea bargaining method reduces congestions in the courts, hence allowing the court prosecutors to review other cases and speed the wheels of justice. Plea bargaining reduces the workload of the lawyers for both sides. A defendant accused guilty of murder may agree to plead guilty to manslaughter. This is a lesser charge that comes with manageable jail terms, thus saving the time that can be spent for investigating murder cases and the burden of proof. The disadvantage of plea bargaining is that people admit to mistakes they did not commit due to the pressure and fear of pleading guilty to greater charges that can land them in jail (LawInfo, 2008).

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