Social Community Disorganization

Social community disorganization comes along because of low economic status, disorders in families and national heterogeneity. Because of these factors, an increment in crime is highly evident as well as criminal behavior rates. According to a survey conducted in Great Britain between 182 and 1984, it supports the theory that variation in the community disorganization leads into transmission of similar characteristics, which lead into criminal victimization and offending as well in the community. There has been an attempt to oppose this theory but lack of enough information has barred it from happening especially in the government sector where information is gathered only through census (Warring & Weisburd, 2002). Studies from other researchers have been limited to the facts that the gather information from only selected communities. It is also found that, no tests have been conducted to Shaw and McKay's theory on over-reliance on the past research on official crime rates.

For victimization rates, its analysis has been gathered across cities, but Shaw and McKay’s theory focuses most on the communities’ crime rate variations. It is also clear that even the surveyors in victimization levels use census data to measure these variations. There are two methods used to address the past research on these issues to the end. They include the use of large national survey from Britain and are used in construction of measure in the community and then use of reported data on the issues of criminal victimization and offending. There is also creation of crime rates basing them on the cranial justice reactions (Lemert, 1993).

In the community, victimization can be measured based on the interdependence and prevalence level in the social networks within the common unity. We can also see a form of collective supervision, which has community supervision towards local problems. There are interventions in the disorganization model, which is that, the control ability of a community on teenage peer groups are based on a well document primary phenomenon. That is a community level and ability to control these peer groups is key a link between delinquency and community characteristics. The other intervention is on the friendship networks which are actually local .The theory sticks onto that they are the key constitutes a centre fabric of human social ties, and tries to guide behaviors in the context of victimization (Warring & Weisburd, Crime & social organization, 2002). Finally, Kasarda and Jonawartz argue that although assimilation of new people into the community is a temporal process residential mobility is the key barrier to all these associational ties.

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