Mood is an attribute either regular or relatively impermanent state of feeling of a person. Dissociation, according to clinical understanding is the disturbance of the habitually incorporated function of realization, memory, personality or perceptions of the environment. It is characterized by incomplete or absolute loss of the usual integration between past memories and consciousness of identity. The clinical descriptions of somatoform disorder are numerous somatic complaints offered in an indistinct and exaggerated way. The emphasis is on the signs and not their actual meaning. The lack of interest in knowing is noticeable (Nijenhuis, 2000).
Research in clinical interpretation has been done to assess the biological and emotional components of dissociative or somatoform disorders. The studies suggested that hysteria entails psychological and somatoform functions and reactions. He viewed that mind and body were not separable. Following this observation, his categorization of the symptoms of hysteria does not trail a distinction of mind and body. He insisted that apart from the lasting symptoms called mental stigmata spot all cases of hysteria. Some symptoms are minor and depend on each case. These according to studies are referred to as alternating and changeable. Some include practical losses as well as incomplete or total loss of knowledge called amnesia, failure of sensations such as loss of concrete feelings, kinesthesia. Others include loss of smell, taste, hearing, vision, and pain sensitivity called analgesia and failure of motor control that entails inability to move or speak (Janet, 1977).
The general feature of the somatoform disorder is the manifestation of bodily symptoms or complaints. These complaints usually lack any organic foundation. The lacking functional signs tend to range from a particular sensory or motor disability to oversensitivity to pain. There are four chief somatoform disorders. These include conversion disorder commonly called hysteria, hypochondriasis, somatoform pain disorder and somatization disorder. The most important symptom of conversion disorder is lack or alters in bodily operation. Hypochondriasis contrasts conversion disorder in that an individual comprehends a functional disorder. The patient then basically employs it to run away from rough situations (Nijenhuis, 2000).
Janet (1977) observed that dissociation theory necessitates that both somatoform and psychological mechanism of experience, responses, and affairs can be prearranged into mental systems. These mental systems can get away from incorporation into the individuality (Janet, 1901). He utilized the create personality to indicate the exceptionally intricate, but basically incorporated, mental system that covers consciousness, reminiscence, and individuality. A studies show that dissociative mental systems are also entails a retracted field of awareness. This means there is decreased number of psychological phenomena that can be integrated at the same time. This integration results into one and the same mental system. Researchers have conceptualized that mental accidents stand for reactivations of what has been programmed and kept in dissociative systems of thoughts.
Due to repeated disassociation and imagery, these ways can turn out to be liberated. Nevertheless, dissociative systems may produce and incorporate more feelings, manner, emotions, judgment, and behaviors in the circumstance of persistent traumatization. In a study results indicated that somatoform dissociation was powerfully connected with psychological dissociation. Results from research also suggest that while somatoform and psychological dissociation are demonstrations of a familiar process, they do not entirely overlap. Somatoform and psychological dissociation during or instantly after the incidence of an upsetting event were also considerably interrelated (Nijenhuis, 2000).
Studies have been conducted in the past to assess whether suggestion impacts somatoform dissociation scores. The results observed that dissociative disorder patients are particularly suggestible. This phenomenon therefore makes them susceptible to propaganda by therapists who oversight the signs of bipolar mood disorder for dissociative symptoms. Research however indicates that the dissociative patients did not exceed the scores of dissociative patients who were treated by other therapists. There is no enough information to show that somatoform dissociation is a consequence of suggestion. Comparing dissociative disorder patients with control patients, dissociative disorder patients revealed relentless and complete traumatization. Different types of ordeal, bodily violence, with an independent involvement of sexual trauma, greatest showed somatoform dissociation. Sexual distress in particular best resulted to psychological dissociation. Reports of dissociative disorder patients indicate that this abuse frequently came up in a psychologically neglectful and insulting societal circumstance (Merkel, 2003).
Studies were conducted to analyze the behavioral and emotional components of anxiety. It was found out that both somatoform and psychological dissociation were well anticipated by premature beginning of reported powerful, persistent and numerous traumatizations. Further findings suggest that somatoform dissociation is powerfully linked to multiple types of trauma. Among different types of distress, somatoform dissociation was best anticipated statistically by physical abuse and murder threats. Prelude results have shown reasonable to strong statistically important correlation among somatoform dissociation and sexual abuse, sexual irritation, bodily abuse. The results have also indicated lower connection with emotional neglect and emotional abuse. Researchers have also reported premature beginning of traumatization was rather more significantly linked to somatoform dissociation than trauma in afterward growth periods (Merkel, 2003).