Introduction

Cognitive processes refer to mental processes of individuals at every instance. Cognitive processes are dependent on mental abilities of an individual and come about spontaneously. They can be also induced through the learning process, when an individual is equipped with new facts relating to life. It is vital to understand cognitive processes, because they help individuals make significant decisions and hold various perceptions about different issues. People would not be able to take stands in life without cognitive processes. They also facilitate the development of judgments about certain issues in life. Individuals can understand themselves better through cognitive processes.

This essay explicates cognitive processes with the use of common examples.

There are various examples of cognitive processes, which occur in the minds of individuals. They include intelligence, learning, and knowledge.

Intelligence is a vital cognitive process. It refers to mental abilities of an individual. Intelligence is a cognitive process that enables individuals to make appropriate decisions in their approach to various situations. According to Ohta, MacLeod, and Uttl (2005), mental abilities vary among individuals, as some are more intelligent than others are. With intelligence, one can understand various social issues and tackle them appropriately using mental abilities. Intelligence promotes rationality among individuals, because one can weigh various situations before taking to a given course of action.

Learning is another vital process. It refers to a cognitive process of having the ability to acquire knowledge. Crocker and Siekmann (2009) points out that individuals are taught various issues from earlier stages in their lives, which constitute a cognitive process. Learning is a continuous mental process, and it involves the adoption of fresh ideas by individuals. This ensures that the minds of individuals are continuously nourished, and fresh ideas are learnt. People can learn various subjects relating to science, mathematics and social subjects. They acquire newer ideas that they are supposed to apply in their tests in cases of an examination. A Crocker and Siekmann (2009) report that learning is a significant cognitive process as it ensures that the mind of an individual is subjected to fresh facts at each instance. This is vital, because it promotes appreciation and reasonability among individuals.

The storage of knowledge is a cognitive process that refers to the transfer of information to the memory part of the brain. According to Ohta, MacLeod, and Uttl (2005), vital information relating to various issues is acquired by individuals and safely stored in the memory contributing to one’s knowledge. This constitutes what one automatically remembers and applies in various situations in cases, when pragmatism is needed. With knowledge, one can attend to various situations in the environment because of easier applications and reasonability. It does not limit one to certain courses of action, but opens up the individual’s mind to various issues in the society.

These cognitive processes have various purposes in the lives of all individuals. Intelligence is a cognitive process that is purposed to help individuals make decisions based on their mental abilities. This would result from appropriate judgments of individuals depending on their abilities. Therefore, intelligence is mainly aimed at ensuring that one applies his mental abilities to come up with correct judgments and ideas in life. Without intelligence, one would not be able to make independent decisions and would have to depend on others.

The significant purpose of learning is to acquire newer ideas. Older ideas in the minds of individuals are to be always renewed in order to be replaced with newer ideas that would ensure that they are updated. Crocker and Siekmann (2009) point out that newer ideas are healthy for everyone, because they ensure that one can fit in a society that is dynamic and using newer methods of approach to life. In essence, learning is one of the most significant cognitive processes because it is a continuous process in an individual’s life. Learning does not stop because of the need for better ideas. Innovations arise from continuous learning activities of individuals.

Knowledge is a cognitive process that is purposed to enable individuals to apply ideas to real life situations. One would not be able to apply various issues to real life situations in case he is deficient of knowledge. Thus, knowledge facilitates the application of learnt ideas in real life situations and ensures that individuals live appropriately. It is through these applications that people make new discoveries relating to various issues in the society. In addition, knowledge is geared towards ensuring that individuals have a large store of information that will always be used in their daily lives. A large store of information is taken to the memory side of the brain and aids individuals in cases of any problem. Knowledge remains one of the most powerful cognitive processes, because it defines individual’s understandability.

Various peer-reviewed articles can be used for cognitive processes. These indicate the studies that have been conducted in relation to cognitive processes, for instance, the article, “Emotional Intelligence, Cognitive Intelligence, and Job Intelligence” for intelligence, the article “Infants Social Cognitive Knowledge” for knowledge and the article “Learning Theories-Cognitive Learning Theories” for learning as a cognitive process. All these articles are peer-reviewed and provide vital information relating the aforementioned cognitive processes.

The studies from the article relating to intelligence could be summarized as follows. Cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence influence job intelligence. Emotional intelligence depends upon individuals and is variedly related to job intelligence, while cognitive intelligence is positively related to job intelligence. According to Cote and Miners (2006), cognitive intelligence makes an individual perform a task accordingly, because it increases the abilities of an individual. High cognitive intelligence ensures that an individual performs at his best level because of the use of better methods and skills. One is continuously updated through this cognitive process. Cognitive intelligence works hand in hand with emotional intelligence in order to ensure that an individual can work well. The collaboration between cognitive and emotional intelligence ensures that one of them is relied on, when an individual is supposed to make decisions relating to certain issues. The article emphasizes that intelligence is a vital cognitive process that will help individuals work well in the society. This study was conducted using online interviews. A number of permanent employees were selected and asked various questions relating to their cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence. The study indicated that cognitive intelligence emanates from the cognitive process and is independent, while emotional intelligence emanates from one’s attitudes to given situations and always varies. They both influence job intelligence.

The peer-reviewed study on learning could be summarized as follows. Learning is a continuous cognitive process in an individual’s life. It begins from the earlier stages of an individual’s life and will probably have no ending. Teachers facilitate the process of learning and the acquisition of newer ideas. They have to use vital resources, such as color chalks in order to boost quick learning. People should be able to distinguish the important from the less important in the process of learning. According to the article ‘Cognitive Learning Theories’ (2010) in the process of learning one can undergo the information-processing model that is vital for selecting better ideas. This constitutes a cognitive process. Individuals cannot forget whatever they learn because of continuous mental processes that make the mind stronger and receptive to newer ideas. This study has been conducted by the use of a comparative case study as methodology. The learning process of different individuals has been compared and various results have been acquired. Children have active brains and learn faster than adults, whose minds are preoccupied.

The article on knowledge starts by measuring the level of knowledge among children. Children have minds with enough space that can accommodate more ideas in the form of knowledge. The initial knowledge passed onto them will be vital in determining their approach to life. In order to ensure that children are positive in their actions, people must ensure that they get correct facts relating to various issues. Sommerville (2010) asserts that knowledge is a vital cognitive process that would help children develop various ideas and perceptions in relation to various issues. This cognitive process can also be used to correct various disorders among children. It is seen from their actions and activities, in which they are mostly involved.

In conclusion, cognitive processes refer to mental activities among individuals. They are vital in building an individual through the adoption of better ideas in life. Various examples of cognitive processes include intelligence, knowledge acquisition, and the process of learning. Individuals undergo all these cognitive processes in the course of their lives. For instance, learning is a vital cognitive process that never stops. These processes play vital roles, such as storing ideas, generating newer ideas and applying them to situations in the real life. Cognitive processes always influence people in their daily lives.

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