Health Care in Australia

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, (2012). Australia’s health 2012. Australia’s health series no.13. Cat. no. AUS 156. Canberra: AIHW.

This article looks to improve the general status of health sector in Australia. It introduces the reader with the knowledge about the diseases that are common to Australians and connects these diseases to the welfare of the people. It also compares the status in Australia with that of the world. The examination of the different disease patterns is grouped according to different social segmentations. Further, the causes if diseases among these social segment are fully addressed ranging from behavior, diet, among others. The quality of life across the social groupings are also used to determine the causes of disease among different people. Further, the authors have described the health risks that Australians face in their daily activities, as well as determining the health risks that they can face due to the different factors. The paper examines the status of health care from primary level to specialist levels. The facilities that provide health care services are then examined to determine whether they are enough for the job or not. This section features both private and public institutions that are involved in the provision of healthcare. Admitted cases and donation of tissues are addressed here.  The article also delves into the different methods that are used to treat the diseases that Australians encounter. All diseases are addressed ranging from common to chronic diseases. Finally, the paper highlights the economics of the health sector, as well as the workforce from the different health stakeholders within the health sector. The economics and workforce seeks to improve and place health care at high quality standards, as well as ensuring that it remains sustainable for future generations. 

Deloitte Economics, (2008). Health Care in Australia: Prescriptions for Improvement. Australian Centre for Health Research.

This article is an excerpt from the major document, “Improving the Quality Use of Medicines in Australia – Realizing the potential of pharmacogenomics” The article seeks to come up with strategies to end the interference of politicians into the health sector. Politicians use the sector for their political benefits, thus creating many blame games between the sectors that govern the system. The first part of the article examines the effects of regulating the cost of the health sector as well as the impacts that will be attributed to the whole process, be it the quality of the healthcare system or the cost to the user.  Secondly, the article determines the methods that the involved sectors can use in sustaining Medicare and maintaining solidarity between the different stakeholders. It applauds Medicare as a system that is fully beneficial to the Australian people. The article, further, seeks to determine the obstacles that stakeholders face in their efforts to reform the health care system. It delves deep into this and highlights some of the key areas that affect this development in a negative way. Further, the article looks into the methods that can be used to realize the potential of pharmacogenomics. It holds this sector as not fully utilized as there are several issues that can improve it, yet they have not been closely looked into. The issue of E-Health and the Transformation of Health Care is also discussed in the article, with the necessary recommendations towards improvement are made and fully discussed. The article also puts across an evaluation of the outcomes of health system, where the different stakeholders are appraised. Also, it looks into the possible   death of the healthcare system and gives several reasons that could lead to the failure of the phenomenon. In the dying sections, the excerpt determines the methods of Improving the efficiency and solidarity of Australia’s risk equalization arrangements. Finally, it looks into the persistent pain after breast cancer. This excerpt is well explained and illustrated and gives very practical recommendations that could improve the health care system in Australia.

State of New South Wales, Department of Education and Communities and Charles Sturt University, (2011). Core 1: Health Priorities in Australia.

This article highlights the roles played by health care facilities in achieving better health for all Australians. It passes the message with regard to the status of health care in the country. It acknowledges the Australian health care system as a very important part in the process of improving and checking the health care of all the people in Australia. It also highlight the players in making the system work, which involves both the government and NGOs. This means that both private and public sectors are actively involved. The article notes that the system involves diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and health prevention and promotion campaigns. Further, funding is done by two main national subsidy schemes, Medicare and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS).  Further, the paper highlight the new treatments and technologies that are coming up in the recent years, which improves the access to better health care and provide early detection of chronic diseases. However, these are very costly, at times. According to the article, Medicare provides a base level of cover to the Australians, where people can choose to pay for their medical services from private healthcare centers, by increasing the healthcare cover. Finally, the article determines the factors that impacts health care system. The factors include the growing and ageing population, equity of access for certain population as well as the high levels of preventive diseases.

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