Health Promotion is a philosophy that is centered on the well-being of individuals. Thus, it seeks to improve participation of people, groups, and organizations in matters that relate to the health sector. The participation of people, organizations, and groups is essential as it facilitates shaping of the health practices and optimizing both collective and individual well-being. From the above description, thus, Health Promotion entails the process of facilitating people to amplify control over and perk up their health. It can also be deemed as a mediating strategy aimed at creating social responsibility and personal choice regarding health. Notably, empowerment plays a significant part in health promotion as it allows for shifting of physical and social conditions, which necessitate inequalities. Thus, empowerment results in equitable relationships in terms of resources, authority, and status. Health promotion plays a significant role in nursing. The main roles played by health promotion in nursing include conducting behavioral, risk-oriented, and lifestyle health education. The responsibilities of nursing roles evolve from the moving from treatment to prevention based in terms of what the nurses will be teaching people. Therefore, this essay seeks to expound on the role of health promotion in the nursing practice, the evolution of nursing practice in health practice, and comparison of the three levels of health promotion.
Health promotion plays several roles in the nursing practice. Maville and Huerta (2012) indicate that the most essential roles revolve around ensuring that nurses gain the basic idea behind empowering people. Thus, two main roles are contributed by health promotion in nursing. These include behavioral approach and an approach that concerns the conditions of health. Firstly, health promotion facilitates the behavioral approach in nursing through ensuring that nurses garner skills relevant for empowering patients at diverse levels of nursing. For instance, the empowering under the behavioral approach involves educating patients on how to manage different types of illnesses. Health promotion under the behavioral approach also ensures that nurses advance quality services to patients that will ensure their fast recovery. For instance, health promotion offers nurses skills relevant to promote positivity among patients that they are taking care of. Notably, the behavioral approach adopted by a nurse is instrumental to a patient’s recovery because it affects a patient’s sense of worthiness depending on the care advanced by the nurse. The behavioral approach also touches on the lifestyle led by individual nurses. Under this, Piper (2009) asserts that nurses should put to practice healthy living because it has an impact on patients. On the other hand, regarding the approach concerned with the conditions of health, health promotion instills nurses with skills that they can convey to people regarding ways to prevent outbreaks of diseases. Thus, if nurses educate people regarding methods of preventing occurrences of outbreaks, people are empowered health wise, as they will be informed regarding how to prevent a certain disease.
According to Maville and Huerta (2012), nursing roles and responsibilities in health promotion have evolved significantly. It is due to the fact that in the past most of the nursing roles and responsibilities in health promotion involved teaching of patients methods of preventing diseases. However, Maville and Huerta (2012) point that with the escalating cases of illnesses, the historical method involving nursing roles and responsibilities had to be abandoned. Thus, currently and in the future the nursing roles and responsibilities in health promotion will focus on educating people regarding ways of remaining healthy. Such move is deemed to be beneficial in comparison to the historical method as it facilitates more people to become aware of activities that promote good health as it promotes individual awareness of issues related to health and health for their families (Maville & Huerta, 2012).
The first level of health promotion prevention, which is primary prevention, entails the preventing of a disease from happening. Notably, this level of health promotion prevention is focused on the reduction of the incidence and prevalence of a disease. Thus, at this level of health prevention promotion, the nurses encourage people to guard themselves against environments or situations that will result in becoming affected by a disease. Secondary prevention that involves screening and testing is focussed on maintenance of good health. That is why screening and testing are undertaken for the purpose of early detection of a disease. Lastly, tertiary prevention,which is concerned with the treatment of an illness, is focussed on people that have shown symptoms or have tested positive to a certain disease (Piper, 2009). Five things are aimed at this level of treatment, and they include reducing pain from the disease, slowing down the spread of the disease, preventing other infections resulting from the disease, provision of quality care to people suffering from the disease, and lastly, restoring the health of the affected persons.
In conclusion, this essay has explicated what health promotion in nursing care entails. In addition, the purpose of health promotion in nursing has been examined, and two roles established, which include behavioral and skills approaches. The evolution of nurses roles and responsibilities in regard to health promotion entails the shift from curing diseases to prevention. Lastly, different levels of health promotion prevention have been examined. The primary level concerns prevention of a disease while the second is focused on early detection by the nurses. Tertiary level is focused on treatment and prevention of further damage by the identified disease.