Over the past years, HIV/AIDS has been the most deadly disease that has killed many people worldwide. Researchers have tried to find its cure but they have never succeeded. Off late, there has been the introduction of HIV/AIDS prevention programs with the belief that they will help reduce the spread of this deadly and incurable disease. Some of these programs are such as the UNFPA which is located in Mozambique, AMREF among others. Each country has its own prevention program.
These prevention programs work on the basis of belief in one’s culture. In this case different cultures have different approaches to these prevention programs. Some of the cultural factors that influence success or failure of these programs include the gender role. In some societies, we find that boys and girls are allowed to mix freely while undertaking their day-to-day duties. This is not right because it leads to high chances of temptations. Such tribes should ensure that their children do not mix freely, whether they are playing or doing their duties as doing this would eventually lead to lust and sex afterwards. Religion is another factor where we find people have different religions, each religion is backed up by its own practices. For instance the Christians have their own beliefs as regards to HIV/AIDS and this applies same to the Hindus. The two cultures have different attitudes and practices. Many societies believe in their own taboos. Some societies believe that sex is a great sin and having it might lead you to be cursed by either the ancestors or even the elders of that society, they also believe that it should not be mentioned in public. This is not right as it would influence the failure of a HIV/AIDS prevention program. In this case, for a program to be successful, societies should organize themselves in small groups and discuss sex related issues. This would enable the peers to learn on how to relate with their opposite sex.
Sexual intercourse is the predominant mode of transmission as it causes nearly most of the infections (Askew and Berer, 2003). The risk of sexual transmission is determined by the behaviors of the infected individuals. Taking the preventive measures before having sex such as the use of condoms might help reduce the risk of spreading HIV/AIDS, dong this would foster the success of the prevention program. HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through the sharing of sharp objects such as needles, razors blades, syringes among others. This can be prevented by educating the users on how to dispose such items. A study case was conducted in Soweto, South Africa in a certain community and it was found that those infected had good knowledge about the infections. South Africa is in a position of administering HIV therapies and both the infected and those not respond positively to this. This means that they have a positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS. In Rwanda a case of study was also conducted to the women where it was found that though the knowledge of the women about infections was high, they ignored their behaviors and beliefs and that is why the disease spreads very fast.
A HIV/AIDS prevention program will succeed only if the two cultures consider the effective measures that would prevent the spread of the disease. According to the two cultures we find that the response of most of the people of Soweto towards this deadly disease is positive and this means they have knowledge about it. Thus the prevention program will eventually succeed.