A vaccine is an immunogenic comprising of either dead or weakened disease-causing cells which are incapable of causing diseases into the body (Kols & Sherris, 2000). Through vaccination, the making of antibodies by the body is stimulated and the aim of is to strengthen the immune system. The early development was in 1796 by Edward Jenner in a bid to find immunity against smallpox.
Information about the Disease it may prevent
The diseases that may be prevented are in the mouth, around anus and pubic, in the throat and in the cervix (Keith, 2010). Examples of diseases preventable by the HPV vaccine include: cervical cancer, cancers occurring in the vagina and vulva, laryngeal warts, genital warts, warts of the skin and head warts. Most of patients get these types of warts through sexual intercourse.
The Idea behind the Resistance to Vaccine
With the HPV known to make no diseases in animals, there hasn’t been a platform for the development for the vaccine. The vaccine developers cannot know how it functions on the human body because they are forced to test on living things that are unrelated to human such as mice. Thus, there cannot be development of the vaccine.
Scientists are none the wiser into pinpointing which human system components are vital in avoiding of the HPV problems. There is still a shroud of uncertainty unto whether the HPV vaccine works discriminatively on some people.
The scientists argue that they have narrow information regarding the mucosal immune system. Scientists argue since the HPV penetrates the body via the mucosal membranes, the effectiveness of the vaccine may be threatened by body functions such as the monthly cycle since even at that time; the vaccine levels of the hormones greatly affect the functions of the immune system.
Bearing in mind that little light has been shed on the mucosal immune system; the scientists have proved that if one surface of the mucosal gets exposed to antigens, it is pegged that the immunity of the body may counteract at a far-off area. This leaves the scientists contemplating on the introduction of the vaccines using other alternative methods such as immunizing may be more effectual.
To cap it all, the scientists opine that the level of antibody that gets into the mucosal membrane is little and ranges from one person to another. The scientists argue that due to the occurrence of HPV in varying forms, the introduction of antigens of a particular form say, A, it may be ineffective in the defense on other forms of HPV (Nellie, 2007). The effectiveness of the antigens that are introduced into the mucosal membrane to fight cervical cancer may not be vouched for because of the sluggish and unsure growth of the ailment coupled with the fact that the HPV exists in numerous forms.
The Development of the Vaccine-comment on whether it was properly tested and Marketed
One thing is for sure, whatever method that was used to come to it as an antigen of HPV infection, had to be some kind ‘trial and error’ because even in the present, the researchers don’t test it on humans but rather substitute people for mammalian papillomaviruses such as bovine papillomavirus.
Considering that there are over ninety forms of HPV infections, there was some problems on the marketing which would confuse physicians. Most HPV vaccines, for example Gardsil, targeted particular diseases where the vaccine targeted cervical cancer (Marjorie, A. (2007). Even though the HPV infection that is transmitted sexually is reduced, the danger of cervical cancer in adolescents increased and in the haste, the age brackets that were more in danger disregarded.
Should be given to all Children? Why or Why not?
In my opinion, it should be given to all children. Simply because with the 20 years’ time that HPV infections take to get established in the body after the infection, it would give their bodies enough time to build immunity after such ailments in the future.
Side effects include high level of fever, symptoms of reaction to allergies such as breathing problems, patients may faint, pain and swelling of the area of the skin injected, fatigue, migraines, diarrhea, vomiting and muscle aches among others.
In real terms, as scientists soberly pipe it, viruses, such as chicken pox, have no cure but there are means to treat the symptoms. Thus, in opinion, the HPV vaccination does not cure the disease but suppress it in such a way that it does not reveal itself.