Nursing concept is an essential entity that enables the healthcare professionals to identify various factors that hinder the effective enhancement of healthcare services. Nursing stipulates the development of effective healthcare measure in addressing the healthcare issues that affect the general populations. However, in most cases, healthcare professionals have not been able to effectively develop and initiate healthcare instruments that address the impediment issues affecting people due to lack of nursing knowledge in analyzing the nursing concepts. This has made it difficult for them to define various attributes that are associated with the nursing concepts through which they can devices appropriate healthcare response process. In addressing the nursing concept, the write-up discusses the understanding of the concept of a person. It highlights the main aim of enhancing the concept of a person in nursing. It also discusses both the antecedents and consequences of the concept in nursing. Moreover, it illustrates how the concept has been envisaged in literature, in creating basis for nursing theories, in defining the role of a person.
According to George (2011), nursing concepts provide situational conditions and how effective healthcare services can be handled in developing proper healthcare by providing procedures in enhancing the filed of nursing (p.23). It presents the nursing concept as a component that effectively enhances healthcare decision-making processes in order to promote health care interaction between nurses and patients. There are four main components of nursing concept. These human being, environment, health, and nursing. These concepts enable healthcare professionals to relate their medical practice with various nursing theories in order to initiate effective healthcare services. Moreover, the concepts of nursing provide an opportunity for the healthcare givers to understand their humanity which in turn helps them in developing satisfaction in the kind of care they give and thus enabling patient’s to recover quickly.
In 2011, George pointed out that human being or a person as a concept of nursing is an essential concept that provides the healthcare givers with absolute understanding of the patient (p24). He notes that the concept of a human being normally assists healthcare givers in picturing out the patient as a whole person. That is his/her psychological, cultural, social, physical, and spiritual aspects. Understanding the cultural norms and other aspects that present a patient as a whole is an essential entity in effective promoting of quality healthcare services to the patients. In addressing the nursing concept, the write-up discusses the understanding of the concept of a person. It also highlights the main aim of enhancing the concept of a person in nursing. Additionally, it seeks to examine both the antecedents and consequences of the concept of a person in nursing as well as to illustrate how the concept has been envisaged in literature, in creating a basis for nursing theories, in defining the role of a person.
The Aim of Person as a Nursing Concept
Basavanthappa’s (2007) definition of a person or a human being holds that a person is a unique and irreplaceable individual who is composed of distinct elements in his or her personal life (p.301). Therefore, person as a nursing concept gives the healthcare professional with ultimate understanding of the uniqueness associated with those who seek medical assistance. This enables healthcare provider in having a clear meaning of the word ‘patient’ thus presenting such a person as a whole human being who only seeks medical assistance. Basavanthappa (2007) notes that person as a nursing concept projects the word ‘patient’ as stereotypically being used as an economic communicative language while in the real sense patients do not exist (p.301). Therefore, a person as the nursing concept helps healthcare givers in acknowledging that only individual human beings who see their potentiality in providing healthcare services seek for their assistance, but not the patients.
On the other hand, Basavanthappa (2007) notes that a person as a nursing concept normally presents a nurse as a potential human being with specialized knowledge and ability of rendering quality healthcare services (p.301). It therefore, depicts a high standard of professionalism that healthcare providers should emulate in their practices so as to effectively assist other human beings in preventing illnesses, and promoting speedy recovery process. This will assist them in maintaining high standards of health among the human beings who seek their medical assistance. In addition understanding the complexity associated with individuals as evident in their psychological, social, spiritual, and cultural understandings is essential in promoting and enhancing effective healthcare services.
According to Basavanthappa (2007), understanding the complexity of elements that constitute a person helps in understanding his or her perception regarding suffering (p.302). He points out that the personification of suffering has been an undermining factor that has adversely affected the response and quality of healthcares. Because suffering denotes a feeling of displeasure that transcends from the normal mental, physical, or spiritual disarray to higher intense phases of anguish, it is therefore only through understanding the complexity associated with such individuals who inhibit a phase of disparity due to lack of effective healthcare that care givers can be able to help in addressing such health issues.
As pointed out by Basavanthappa (2007) points out that the complex elements in an individual that illustrate his or her spiritual, physical, and cultural obligation have undermined effective provision of healthcare services (p.305). He notes that pain is one of the sensational bodily excesses that depict the magnitude of the suffering an individual undergo, and subsequent medical attention he or she should be subjected to. Therefore, person as a nursing concept helps in understanding pain as a unique individual experience that is not easily communicated among individuals. In doing so, the healthcare professionals are able to understand the unique aspect of pain as may be contributed and determined by an individual’s spiritual, social, physical, and cultural practices.
Moreover, the ability of a person as a nursing concept in enhancing interpersonal processes that occur between the healthcare professionals and healthcare seekers best qualifies it to be a nursing concept. According to Basavanthappa (2007), a person as a nursing concept presents a nurse and a person as individuals who inhibit unique characteristics that adamantly dominate their health interactions in enhancing healthcare service delivery (p.305). This concept tends to enhance the main objective of nursing of promoting person-to-person interaction so as to effectively address health related issues that affect the general populations. Therefore, with the concept of a person bringing out the necessity of understanding an individual’s complex composition that undermines his or her healthcare interaction it suits to be the main nursing concept.
The Antecedents of the Concept of a Person in Nursing
There are important basic events or things that must be incorporated before the concept of a person or a human being as a nursing concept is made relevant. Risjord (2008) points out that nurses must develop nursing knowledge on concept analysis before incorporating a person as a nursing concept (p.10). Additionally, he points out that the effectiveness of developing nursing knowledge is based on its ability to enhance concept analysis that would assist nurses in deploying effective theories in their practices. Nursing theories are usually conceptualized and therefore, requires effective development of the nursing knowledge in enhancing scientific concepts that clearly define them. Furthermore, developing an effective concept analysis as noted by Risjord (2008) makes it easier in enhancing various nursing concepts such as the concept of a person and thus promotes healthcare processes (p.10). This would present nurses with good theoretical analysis and thus help in avoiding the ambiguities that various theories present towards given concepts.
As pointed out by Risjord (2008), a person as a nursing concept is presented by different scientific theories that require effective theoretical concept analysis procedures (p.11). This would assist nurses in determining the effectiveness of the concept in addressing the nursing theories. For instance, a person as a nursing concept presents the healthcare professionals with an individual’s uniqueness and perceptions that dictates how he or she reacts in countering a potential harmful situation that affects his/her life. Therefore, the concept provides healthcare provider with better pain and suffering assessment processes thus offers effective health services that avert such situations in promoting quick recovery and preventing illnesses.
Additionally, Risjord (2008) points out that the healthcare practitioners must develop a colloquial concept analysis procedure before initiating the use of the concepts (p.11). The colloquial concept analysis primarily focuses on the people’s complexities as opposed to the theoretical concepts analysis that agitates for literature content. This helps the health professionals in their health analysis especially in targeting special groups of people with the aim of understanding their perceptions and beliefs towards healthcare standards. According to Risjord (2008), individuals normally have varying perceptions regarding pain and suffering (p.11). Such perceptions normally originate from individuals’ psychological, physiological, and cultural norms which if effectively understood enables healthcare professionals in relating such diverse opinions with developed by scientific theories. For instance, literature may analyze the concept of pain based on the neurological theory which is contrary to an individual’s perception towards pain.
On the other hand, William (2008) notes that effective healthcare communication facilities and intervention must be enhanced and put in practice before the human being nursing concept takes place (p.1). He points out that the uniqueness of individuals as presented by their interpersonal life in promoting nursing is purely dependent on the effectiveness of their personal facilities in enhancing their thoughts, feelings, and the required assistance they need. Since individuals are unique, it follows that they inhibit unique personal communication process that require effective communication facility so as to enhance their personal receptiveness in sharing their personal experience towards pain or suffering. This, in turn, helps in promoting healthcare standards. However, it is important to note that the communication facility should be developed in a manner that does not distort the healthcare messages that define the complex nature of the health seekers during nursing care.
According to Ibraham (2011), efficient social interaction environment must be created before the person nursing concept is put in place (p.1). Social interaction between the healthcare professionals and health seekers is an important component in nursing that promotes interpersonal interaction in enhancing healthcare standards. This normally helps in assessing the situation under which nursing takes places by best defining and interpreting an individual’s personal engagement and interactions that illustrate his or her understanding of the situation. Ibraham points out that people normally subject themselves into situations that depict their own understanding, behavior, and perspective. Therefore, in creating such effective social interaction environment, healthcare practitioners are embedded with clinical knowledge that enhances their perception awareness rather than precept their notion in assessing the situation presented.
Consequences of not Enhancing a Person as a Nursing Concept
As pointed out by Risjord (2008), the concept of a person helps not only define, but also analyze how the scientific theories help in addressing the uniqueness associated with each individual (p.11). Therefore, by not initiating the concept of a person in nursing, health professionals are not able in determine how the psychological, physiological, and cultural norms contribute to individuals’ perception towards healthcare. This, in turn would present the healthcare professionals with difficulties in assessing and managing pain and suffering that are adamantly contributed by unique cultural outstanding of various people.
For instance, Narayan (2010) notes that individuals’ uniqueness in adopting cultural norms has made it difficult for healthcare providers in assessing and managing pain (p.1). This shows that by not initiating the concept of a person in nursing, the health professionals are not able to determine and analyze the impact of cultural beliefs in defining people’s perception towards pain. Additionally, some cultures believe that pain is a way of presenting someone’s weaknesses, and therefore do not vocalize the sensation they are subjected to (Narayan, 2010). Therefore, such cultural beliefs not only undermine the role of healthcare givers in assessing the magnitude of the pain, but also undermine the process of initiating effective healthcare services that help manage pain.
On the other hand, Risjord (2009) points out that not initiating the concept of a person in nursing, the healthcare practitioners may concentrate on the scientific theories which might not addresses the kind of pain and suffering people undergo (p.11). Since a person as a nursing concept incorporates both the theoretical and colloquial concept analysis processes, healthcare professionals are conceptualize and test the nursing theories with evidence. Therefore, lack of the concept of a person in nursing only presents healthcare professionals with normal healthcare procedures which may prove to be futile or inconsistence incase of the need of unusual medical attentions.
According Narayan (2010), understanding the cultural complexity associated with nurses especially in assessing and managing pain is essential in enhancing the nursing concepts (p.1). She points out that nurses need to understand that they inhibit unique physical, spiritual, and cultural standards as human beings which give them distinct notion on how to perceive pain and suffering other people undergo. In their illustration, Cheng, Foster & Huang (2006), give an example with a nursing incident which occurred between Alice, a nurse, and Mr. M., a patient, to clearly explain how culture dictates the sensation regarding pain. They point out that Mr M. could not vocalize the sensational pain he was experiencing due to his personal cultural obligation. They note that Alice visiting Mr. M, a 42 year old Taiwanese male, found him lying on his right side as he bent his knees and crossed his arms around his chest that signified that indeed he was in pain. The nursing incident denotes that the nurse Alice had developed clear understanding of unique cultural norms of Mr. M of which she was able to adequately engage better healthcare services. This nursing incident depicts how lack of a person as a concept in nursing can undermine the process of healthcare service delivery.
Moreover, by not initiating a person as a nursing concept, healthcare providers are not able surpasses the unique cultural norms that would dictates their biasness in offering quality healthcare services. According to Narayan (2010), nurses at times believe that their own cultural norms are normally effective in addressing the pain and suffering that others undergo, and therefore regard other cultural norms as abnormal and inconsistent (p.1). Therefore, it is only through initiating a person as a nursing concept that healthcare providers can effectively understand the varying cultural, spiritual, and social norms that are associated with various people who seek healthcare assistance.
The Empirical Referents of the Concept of a Person in Nursing
According to Cheng, Foster & Huang (2006), empirical references denote how to measure the concept of a person in demonstrating its actual occurrence (p.7). Since this concept presents individuals as having unique characteristics, healthcare professionals are able to relate how such personal characteristics are addressed by the nursing theory. The openness and the ability to adapt into healthcare systems is one of the objectives that a person as a nursing concept addresses especially in countering the uniqueness of individuals. Such unique individual characteristics have primarily undermined both the health professionals and health seekers in adopting the concept of coping in addressing the mental and physical stressors. Basavanthappa (2007) notes that the analysis of a person as a concept illustrates various attributes associated with individuals such as physical, social, and cultural that in reality shows that the concept of a human being exists in nursing (p.305). Therefore, it is important to note that the analysis of the concept of a person can effectively be used in developing effective healthcare instruments.
On the other hand, Strickland (2009) points out that since a person’s uniqueness defines his or her physical, psychological, social and cultural functionality, various specific disease measuring instruments should be enhanced (p.1). These instruments must be able to not only provide an individual’s health profiles, but also measure various aspects of individual’s functionality. For instance, most of the health professionals normally use Rand Health Insurance Study Questionnaires as an assessment tool in presenting individual’s health profiles (Strickland, 2009). Therefore, this instrument designs questions as a way of understanding the impact of physical, psychological, social, and cultural characteristics on an individual’s health.
Additionally, Strickland (2009) points out that some health professionals normally use Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scales in assessing human functions. The ADL scales are designed in a manner that enables health professionals to assist in measuring the capacity of an individual to enhance self care. Additionally, the instrument normally measures the impact of an individual dress code and communication which are essential in preventing illness and enhancing healthcare interactions.
Examples on How the Concept Has Been Used in Literature
Nursing scholars such as Basavanthappa (2007) and Risjord (2011) have written their literature as guides on the concept analysis of a person as a nursing concept. Basavanthappa believes that the understanding an individual uniqueness and complicity is an essential entity that can enhance the concept of a person in providing effective healthcare standards. On the other hand, Risjord believes that it is only by developing effective colloquial and theoretical concept analysis that one can enhance the effectiveness of the concept of a person in promoting nursing. Additionally, while Basavanthappa associates interpersonal interactions between nurses and health seekers as based on individual’s cultural characteristics, Risjord presents scientific theories and the need for testing as the main factors that promote interpersonal interactions.
Moreover, the antecedents and consequences of the concept of a person in nursing have been subjected differently by Basavanthappa and Risjord. Risjord believes that developing effective nursing knowledge in analyzing the validity of scientific theory in addressing elements of the concept of a person is the only way of promoting interpersonal interactions. On the other hand, Basavanthappa believes that only identifying the cultural norms of individuals is essential in enhancing interpersonal interactions.
In conclusion, it is therefore clear that the concept of a person as an essential entity in healthcare helps in determining the complex attributes that are inhibited by individuals. Such attributes if not detected may hinder effective provision of healthcare services. There is thus the need for healthcare professionals to effectively enhance the concept analysis process to help them in determining the validity of nursing theory. All these will enable the professionals to assist in addressing the issues affecting individuals.