Schizophrenia is a mental disease or disorder that has been psychiatrically diagnosed. It involves the abnormal behavior and virtual way of thinking, feeling and seeing things. According to David D. Meyers , schizophrenia  causes the mind to become de-fragmented and distorted by false beliefs , hallucinations , delusions and one often hears external voices which could either be insulting or commanding.

This dreadful disease disorganizes one’s way of thinking by making them to have disturbed perceptions, inappropriate emotions and actions and more often , the victims of this disease tend to see and smell things that are not there in reality.

The following are the various known and contributing factors that have been proved scientifically as well as psychologically to have grave effects  :-

(a)               hereditary

(b)               early childhood environment

(c)                psychological and social process

(d)               some recreational and prescription drugs

Hereditary, the symptoms of this disease have been proved to be genetic and thus are easily passed on from parent to child even without any interference from other external sources. Early childhood environment and especially the pre-natal exposure to infections as a child has been known to add adversely to the spread and effects of schizophrenia later in life.

Additionally,  psychological and social process , such as child abuse, poverty , trauma as well as neglect as a child have also been attributed to the causes. Another known major contributing factor is the continued use of some recreational  and prescription drugs which at times appear to worsen the symptoms. Nevertheless , abuse of alcohol and other narcotic drugs as well as social disadvantage especially in urban areas where there is little manual activity and gross irresponsible behavior,  due to  lack of jobs thus causing idleness , depression and lack of self esteem , play a major role to its continued adversity.

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