Oct 3, 2018 in Medicine

Africa is a continent with innumerable setbacks to progress, no problem is more critical in the region than the severe increase of the AIDS pandemic. Other than the overwhelming expenses in terms of community turmoil and human affliction, AIDS lessens employees in their prime ages of efficiency. Their deaths and infirmities take an economic and psychological toll on companies operating in the region. In Africa, AIDS is not just viewed as a common disease, but something it has the influence to annihilate the financial system. Most of the discussions concerning AIDS in Africa have bordered the increased price of the medicines that have turned the fatal illness into one that victims in the West can currently subsist for several years. However, an additional difficulty in Africa based on the views of panelists from the medical sector and the pharmaceutical business, is distributing medicines which are contributed or offered at cheap fees to patients who require them (Jette 1).

Some healthcare professionals usually question the main concerns of some governments that claim they basically cannot manage to pay for to acquisition medicines for their AIDS incapacitated citizens. It has to begin from the pinnacle. Regimes have to deposit funds towards HIV and AIDS. Nearly all regimes invest most of their funds in projects like arms and bombs. The strategy concerns commence with challenges designing impediment and healing approaches anchored in the scientific information. Although it might sound hard when it comes to controlling an outbreak that is sexually spread, some experts recommend that one straightforward solution is persuading people to engage in less sex. Thus, the responsibility of the government is to filter through all that and procure a comprehensible policy that will facilitate the minimization of AIDS (Jette 2).

Although it is improbable that various governments will abruptly get more funds for combating AIDS, they should direct the scarce wealth that they have to fighting the pandemic. However, the truth  is that governments have inadequate resources to combat the situation. Therefore, administrations must find an approach to utilize these inadequate resources more efficiently. Governments may apply two possibilities for teaching without using additional funds. Through the media, the regime can enforce safety measures. In Kenya, for instance, 50% of the people are below 15 years. By preparing teachers to teach lessons concerning AIDS avoidance, the regime can employ an integral learning network. Moreover, Africa is a continent with poor infrastructure. Poor distribution infrastructure for drugs has left most companies’ contributions of drugs pointless in a number of cases. Healthcare businesses may offer medicines. However, if there is no transportation to dispense those medicines, they end up being insignificant to the patients (Nolen 238).

According to Nolen, businesses that rely on immigrant employees like the mining business should reflect on the social force formed by men employed outside their families for several months in a year. The sex business in which those men play a part has been held responsible for facilitating the increase of AIDS in the region. Hence, these businesses have been advised to deal with the problem by moving families with the male personnel. Companies should think ahead of their workforce and families in devising strategies to tackle AIDS where they function. AIDS has shattered education, farming and the whole fabric of humanity. Taking care of merely one corporation's labor force is equivalent to discovering a high point on a sinking boat (239).

At present, there are approximately 33 million natives infected with HIV, and every year 2.7 million more residents become contaminated with HIV whereas 2 million succumb to AIDS. The most considerable effect of the HIV plague has been on females and the younger generation. Consequently, some charity organizations have directly drawn in children and youth in all of their operations, assisting them to recognize predicaments and discover solutions for them. They operate with associates and societies to sustain excellent reproductive wellbeing training and services, to promote the constitutional rights of children and young people living in a HIV infested planet, to offer the prevention, treatment and help services to those infected with AIDS and to confront attitudes and thoughts that uphold uneven authority associations involving gender. These organizations usually identify the ruthless consequences of HIV and AIDS on young people and their families, and serve to stop the advance increase of HIV and to lessen the harmful social effect of the pandemic. Their operations concentrate on lessening children’s susceptibility, lengthening the duration of parent-child connection, living optimistically and setting up households for transition (Simon 80).

They employ approaches that aspire to put up responsiveness and make certain that children and their families are secluded, fundamental requirements like admission to medical care and schooling are met, and that children keep on obtaining the concern and maintenance required to appreciate their complete potential. Some charity foundations also use up extra funds on programs that offer help to the most defenseless young males and females, like street urchins, orphans and trafficked kids. Furthermore, they help in the teaching of community personnel, nurses, social medical workers, aid organizations and family associates in domestic health care. Additionally, they persuade all persons to obtain tests for HIV, and support the acquisition of appropriate amenities that medical care offers. They may as well connect pregnant females with antenatal medical care to guarantee the avoidance of mother to infant conduction. Some organizations like PLAN assist families get ready for transition, and take in parents infected with HIV and AIDS to generate significant strategies for the future of their family (children) (Simon 82).

Nevertheless, we are aware that there are numerous features that control the speed at which HIV is spread. Such aspects incorporate: poverty, financial disproportions, social instability, gender inequality and sexual brutality, as well as other sexually spread diseases (which propel HIV diffusion), shortage of male circumcision practices, increased mobility, swift development and upgrading and unproductive management in significant stages in the plague transmission. Some researchers claim that variations involving HIV subtypes have an impact on spreading speed. There is also some proof that genetic features and parasitic worm diseases (widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa) may play  a big role (Simon 86).

According to a study carried out by renowned researchers, rather than having multiple partners like in the rest of the world, several African people engage in concomitant long-term affairs. HIV is awfully infectious in its early stages and the likelihood of transmitting the virus while engaging in unprotected sex is very high. In several situations, poverty has been one of the contributing factors that make people more prone to be infected with the virus. For instance, some underprivileged individuals may be more susceptible, since they have not been educated on how to protect themselves against HIV. Since they are bound to trade money or gifts for sexual favors, they are not able to pay for condoms or to take medication with regards to other sexually transmitted diseases, which ease the transmission of HIV or it might be because such individuals struggle just to make food available, and therefore, HIV is no threat to them. Additionally, poorer people generally have not as much of access to HIV testing and counseling facilities, implying that those individuals who are unaware of their illness are more prone to pass it on (Secrets of Healthy Life 1). 

The connection between poverty and HIV is both varied and complex. A comprehensive and inclusive assessment of the issue availed in 2010 stated that AIDS cannot precisely be referred to as the 'disease of poverty'. Even though it is factual that poor households and individuals are likely to be stroked more by the downstream bang of AIDS, in the first place, their odds of being exposed to HIV are not essentially more than wealthy households and individuals. Nonetheless, it is correct that African countries have limited resources making them unable to offer adequate HIV prevention, testing and education services, as well as to take care of the infected like in the developed world. It is reasonably probable that if the African countries were developed by the 1980s, then it would have been more effective to curb the HIV and AIDS pandemic, implying that fewer people would have been infected in the first place. It is definite that poverty has increased the magnitude of suffering experienced by the AID patients through restricted access to advanced care and treatment. Nevertheless, increased programs aiming at testing and counseling the community regarding HIV have been recorded in Sub-Saharan Africa (Craddock 202).

The advancement that led more access to HIV counseling and testing must be upheld. For instance, a Kenyan population survey undertaken in 2007 revealed that nearly half of the HIV-positive respondents had little knowledge concerning their status, either due to untimely results or failure to attend a testing session. Out of the remaining half who had no knowledge concerning their status, nearly a third misguidedly assumed they were HIV negative.Consequently, promoting the benefits of HIV testing, as well as availing testing facilities should persist to be the major concern for all nations in the Sub-Saharan Africa. There has been a positive response, mostly from the international community with regards to fighting HIV and AIDS in Africa. Several humanitarian and donor organizations have provided funds to help to eliminate the HIV menace with the largest financier being the Global Fund to fight AIDS, and the United States of America’s initiative referred to as PEPFAR (Epstein 255).

Recently, there have been rumors concerning the possibility of developing a vaccine that would prevent the transmission and further spread of HIV. However, most medical experts think that the idea of creating the HIV vaccine which is totally effective has still a long way to go.  The short-term solutions, according to the experts would be to stop the disease spreading. The African continent has been affected the most by HIV with South Africa being the country with the highest prevalence rates of HIV. From the global outlook, more than 30 million people from all over the world have tested HIV-positive and nearly two million out of the infected die each year. There has been a consensus among medical practitioners that the presently ideal solution to curb the spread of HIV and AIDS is to avail and encourage the use of antiretroviral drugs. A number of the most significant figures in the HIV field of research has remarked on how antiretroviral treatments could impede the extent of AIDSs in South Africa during five years (Campbell 190).

Owing to the prevalence of poverty, Africa may not be able to use the antiretroviral method to stop the spread of AIDS. The soaring costs are in realism the major reason why this disease is still rampant in the African countries. The use of antiretroviral drugs is effective by prolonging the life of the patients, as well as making them less infectious or even non-infectious in some rare cases.  Little has been accomplished with regards to reversing the rate of infection in several African nations (Campbell 201). The campaigns meant to create awareness on the usage of ARVs have proven futile, as the drug is mainly given to patients when the disease is in its chronic stage and when the drugs are much less effective. However, there is also a brighter side to the AIDS patients. There are several researches that are being carried out with the aim of developing more effective HIV drugs, as well as the possibility of creating the vaccine. Nevertheless, from the present standpoint, the most significant thing is to stop the HIV infection, which may only be achieved if the rich nations agree to continue providing funds to poorer nations, particularly the most affected African countries (Epstein 269).

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