Vaccines refer to biological preparations that are aimed at improving the immunity of an individual to a particular disease. They contain agents that resemble those of the disease causing microorganisms in order to ensure that there is effective provision of immunity. Vaccines could be classified as either live or inactivated vaccines. Live vaccines are those that contain disease-causing antigens, which are altered in a manner that weakens them, hence, preventing them from causing the disease. Inactivated or killed vaccines are those that contain microbes, which are already treated, hence, preventing a particular disease from affecting children (Khan 33). Vaccines are crucial for the growth and development of children and must be administered at the correct times. The pros of vaccines include the fact that they offer immunity which prevents children from contagious diseases and reduces complications in cases of attack by a particular disease. On the other hand, vaccines could pose extreme side effects to children. In order to ensure that children are safe, and mortality rates are reduced and the entire society should embrace the practice of vaccinating children at the correct instances.

This paper explicates the pros and cons of vaccines for children.

Vaccines offer immunity to children, hence, reducing mortality rates. Researches point that immunity is the protection that is acquired from the administration of vaccines. With vaccinations, children are protected from being affected by the specific disease the vaccine was addressed at. Vaccines reduce the number of cases of children being affected by diseases that could lead to early deaths, which could have been prevented (Fletcher and Fletcher 55). Through vaccinations, children are given a chance to grow into maturity and achieve their dreams without complications. The health quality and the growth of children ensure that the community is protected and is able to realize high survival rates. The high survival rates realized through vaccinations ensure that the community grows in terms of population. Research asserts that vaccines prevent children from being affected by deadly diseases such as small pox, hence, ensuring that they develop into normal individuals. Through vaccinations, children are protected against physical disabilities. This is especially common with the Poliomyelitis vaccine, which prevents a child from having weak legs and, as a consequence, inability to walk.  Research indicates that the childhood period is the most crucial time in the life of an individual, and it is the only time that life can be effectively preserved through vaccination  (Hunt and Millar 87). Thus, vaccines play an instrumental role in protecting children against infections, thus, reducing the number of deaths emanating from deadly diseases.

They protect children from being affected by contagious diseases. Contagious diseases are those diseases that can be transmitted from one individual to another or through other disease causing channels. Research points out that vaccination for children has played an instrumental role in reducing the spread of infectious diseases such as small pox. This ensures that children are free to associate with each other without the risk of being affected by particular diseases. The prevention against contagious diseases is vital during the early school days of children. Vaccinations ensure that children attend their studies without interruptions and the fear of being infected by other students (Williamson 77). Research asserts that the vulnerability of children to most of these infectious diseases is reduced to a large extend through vaccinations. In order to ensure that children are safe and develop without fears, vaccinations offer the best solution. They are a sense of security to the lives of children because they ensure that they grow up without being interrupted by infectious diseases, which could be deadly. Therefore, vaccines for children are vital because they ensure that they are free from other infectious diseases and are able to attend their studies (Sears 105).

Researchers admit that vaccines lower the risk of complications among children in cases of infections. Diseases at some point could affect children in their lifetime even if they have been vaccinated. Those, vaccinated against these diseases, would be more secure compared to those, who have never been vaccinated (Romm 63). These diseases would not be mild against vaccinated children, hence, ensuring that there is quick recovery. The side effects of such diseases are drastically reduced among vaccinated children, compared to those living without vaccinations. This means that the death rates among such children are reduced, compared to those who are not vaccinated. Vaccinations ensure that the risks of mild consequences are alleviated by fighting the disease in all aspects. Thus, vaccinations play an effective role in ensuring that children are protected from the negative consequences of a particular disease. This means that they should be administered at the correct times in order to ensure that there is adequate protection of children from the negative consequences of different diseases.

On the other hand, vaccinations could bear negative side effects to the health of children. Research reports that children could be exposed to temporary or mild side effects due to the administration of vaccines. These side effects could come about in the form of fever and the emergence of sores on the bodies of vaccinated children (Cave and Mitchell 30). This is common among children who have negative reactions to the various vaccinations that are administered. In fact, vaccinations could lead to deaths among some children, hence, eliminating the perspective that vaccines are meant to protect an individual from the effect of deadly diseases. Furthermore, these side effects lead to the emergence of undesirable conditions among children. Research reports indicate that some children would become physically challenged, and some are likely to be exposed to mental problems. This retards the development of such children and reduces their participation rates in most vital activities of the society. These children are academically and morally affected and this lowers their self-esteem in society. Therefore, they are helpless and have to depend on the rest for help, which slows down the entire community. Vaccinations are also considered as unsafe to the lives of children because they involve the introduction of new elements into the body. Thus, vaccinations are not desirable among children because they do not assist them but expose them to negative effects that lead to disabilities and even death (Neustaedter 82).

In conclusion, vaccines are the biological preparations that are meant to protect an individual from attack of particular diseases. They are administered either in live form or in inactivated form. Vaccinations are common among children, and researchers have conducted studies to establish their authenticity. Children should be vaccinated at their required ages in order to protect their lives. This should be done with the view that prevention is better than cure. The advantages of vaccinations include gaining of immunity that reduces death rates among children. In addition, vaccinations protect children from infectious diseases. This promotes interactions and associations among children. They are able to attend to their academics without the fear of being infected by other students. Lastly, vaccines play a vital role in reducing the mild effects posed by different diseases. Children are more secure even in times of infections. The effects of diseases are reduced largely in such children’s organisms because they are able to fight off such diseases at a quicker rate. There is also a negative side of vaccination. Research asserts that vaccinations could expose children to undesirable side effects such as physical disabilities and even death.

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