There is no doubt that Thomas Hobbes is regarded as a great philosopher. In fact his piece leviathan rivals in importance the political writings of great philosophers like Aristotle, Rawls, Plato Locke, Kant and Rousseau. Hobbes widely preferred monarchy to other forms of government and this was widely grounded on the perception that an effective government must possess absolute authority, therefore, absolutism. Essentially, absolutism refers to a form of national government in which has immense power and tends to be looked upon with considerable trepidation and admiration (Richard, 1965). The authority of the monarch is widely restricted by the necessity to have some procedures to support it by the upper classes in the land. The aristocracy is minor to the monarchy. According to (John, 1949), it provides military and political support for the monarchy; however, it may challenge its authority from time to time.
Spain became an absolute monarchy earlier than the France did (Maistre, 1988). It had developed a stable and effective government, a standing military, and a national coordination of taxes, which was widely felt by the peasants, (Richard, 1965). It differed from France in different ways whereas France had depended on monetary and executive support inside its own boundaries, Spain had built its absolutist domain on a foreign territory. Principally, Spain entered a phase of sluggish but protracted decline. Spain was defeated in military attacks, economic failure, and population decline, which was widely caused by lack of the people in middle class.
Ideally, the power in France was scattered among the nobles (John, 1949). Louis XIII established the monarch. There were obstacles that stood on the way of this establishment i.e. the king did not have the means to bring up and defend the army yet the nobles had this power. He therefore had to rely and depend on the nobles to defend, protect and guard the nation. For that reason, he came up with tactics and strategies to control the nobles. A more discreet tactic was to demolish the nobles’ castles, camouflaged as a budgetary act to trim down maintenance expenditure by removing preventable fortifications on the nation’s core, this statute of 1626 detached any capability of the nobles to revolt (Maistre, 1988). The nobles’ power was further deducted when Louis XIV required them to spend at Versailles some portion of the years. As a result, the French were widely centralized behind the king. The substitution of government ministers, elimination of castles, as well as extra financial policies of Colbert did lessen French national arrears significantly.
According to Maistre, this system failed seriously. The most outstanding consequence of absolutism in France is the mass departure of the merchant class that led to the loss of tax revenue for France as well as brain drainage. They hence took away their skills, ability, knowledge and talents of carpentry, printing, glass making, ceramics and the need for freedom of religion to the colonies countries.