Politics refers to arrange the people for their prosperity, happy and peaceful life. There are several version and definitions of politics. Nevertheless, the ancient and quite unique definitions of politics had been presented by the philosophers in very old days. In fact, philosophy is totally a different domain from political science. But, indeed, some philosophers had defined it quite clearly as well as in an influential manner.
A scholarly personality possesses philosophical and logical approach traits that distinguish him/her from others. Moreover, scholars quite particularly articulate and put the thought into new directions as well as they deliberately discuss the humanistic and universal secrets to a certain extent. However, certainly, for a common man it is not an easy task to articulate rules and directions of social as well as non social life. Nevertheless, a scholarly personality can do it very easily.
It is matter of fact that the wisdom of scholars cannot be restricted. Hence, scholars possess wisdom of earth as well as universe. It gifts them special knacks to define philosophically the world order as well as universe order. However, for that a scholar should have special thought process and insightful observation about life, universe, and about surroundings to understand and utter. Hereinafter, it would not be wrong to say that scholars possess some special and God gifted personality traits.
There are several scholars from which some are ancient and some are presented. Nevertheless, from several scholars two very old, but at the same time very commanding scholar in the field of logic, politics, happiness, and community approach are Aristotle and Plato. Even though, they had command on several subjects, but their political approaches in humanistic manger are quite unique. They also possess independent approach status due to their strong philosophical viewpoint.
Glimpses of Aristotle’s biography
Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. He possesses profound status in the list of scholars, and it is still sustained even in the current modern and scientific era. Aristotle’s father was a physician, but, he did not possess any interest in medicine like his father. Therefore, in 367 B.C Aristotle joined Plato’s academy in Athens at the age of 17 years. He quite profoundly spent his early age in the development of professional knacks. His rage of wisdom is quite large, that is why he quite authoritatively written on different subjects like logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, zoology and physics.
Moreover, Aristotle’s diverse personality allowed him to put a figure on almost all scholarly subjects and he done it in a decent manner. However, a dilemmatic fact is, even Aristotle has written many elegant theories, treatise, and dialogues. But, many of them have been lost. And very little about one-third of the original works has been survived. This is an unfair treatment with the thought-provoking scholarly collection of legendry scholar Aristotle. However, his hard work and devotion in not only one but many scholarly fields can never be forbidden forever (Shields, 2008).
Aristotle’s practical philosophy
Philosophy of practical was presented by Aristotle with its true essence. All his scholarly wok is completely implemental due to its practical approach. Even his practical philosophy provided prominence to him in his work and practical life. His philosophy of practical approach towards every event and every happening of life reflect through his personality. He was not only a logician, philosopher, mathematician but also a decent and sympathetic human being that reflects in his political theories as well. His writing proofed his humanistic approach towards politics. Moreover, his notion of city as a community is
His concept of ethics and its add-on to his political concepts
Aristotle’s approach towards ethics is purely a practical approach. He categorically rejected the concept of ethics as a theoretical study. Therefore, he very potentially propagated his concept of ethics through his writings and its practical application into the political process and events. From which his treatise Nicomachean Ethics has achieved great success and consideration. He describes the ethics in reference of character and habits. Moreover, his theory of ethics is quite well covers the theory of humanism.
In his ethics philosophy he referred the single individuals. Nevertheless, in the politics philosophical approach he portrayed the concept of community. The meaning of his approach and philosophy is about cities a combined living as community. He was the first and his theory was the first conceived sketch of city and city life. Moreover, his theory consists on the togetherness and a collection of parts which cannot exist without each other (Knight, 2007)
Glimpses of Plato’s biography
In the history of philosophy another great name is of Plato. Plato possesses the ultimate knacks of classical Greek philosophy and mathematics. He retains the pride of founding the first higher learning institution in the west. Most of his writings are based on dialogue that has a wide range of subjects like philosophy, logic, ethics, rhetoric, and mathematics. He created a chain of knowledge in the version of his students and the most prominent example of it is Aristotle.
He is widely considered the first mouth of taking about the politics in the reference of justice. It is an obvious fact that in the process of his educational activity, he induced this notion into his students to enhance the wisdom of justice and ethics in politics. Aristotle’s idea of cities and community is actually extension of Plato’s viewpoint of republic, and justice. Plato had quite extensively elaborated his idea of politics in his philosophy of republic. And, he categorically influenced the idea of justice in the republic (Kraut, 2011).
Plato’s Philosophy of the republic and its add-on to his political concepts
Plato is one of those philosophers who possess gigantic wisdom. From many others his philosophy of the republic and the add-on to his political concepts has been considered as one of the oldest and most influential political philosophies. Therefore, his just man and unjust man philosophy has lots to address the overall scenario of a republic/government. Republic’s compulsion of giving justice to every individual and community. And, in addition, the theory of form presented by him possesses an absolute resolving approach to solve the problem faced by a citizen of a republic.
Hence, it is matter of fact that individual happiness and justice is actually essence of Plato’s political approach. He presented the version of ethical politics to get the peace prosperity and progress in the society. At the same time, his wisdom of second parallel world in his theory of form tint out the ethical approach in the politicians. That is why he always known to be a humanistic personality and insightful scholar.
Glimpses of Hannah Arendt biography
Hannah Arendt is neither ancient nor philosopher. But, she has been called philosopher by a large amount of people which she himself denied to accept her philosopher knight. Her ancient, old and current blend of political, public and social theories provides comprehensive wisdom to understand the overall human life and its political scenario.
Her most influential work and all times remembered is “The human condition.” In that work she authoritatively discussed the domains of a human being either it is male or female. Moreover, her comparative study of overall human life i.e. political, social, and private and in it exploring the various forms of actions. And, at the same time, its connection with the ancient societies as well as its prevalence in the current societies has been discussed with wisdom (Yar, 2055).
The public and the private realm
The concept of public and the private realm presented by Hannah Arendt separates two identical life styles. She refers this notion of two identical life styles of ancient polis life. The concept of public realm has been taken from the Aristotle viewpoint which he expressed in his writings. Hannah Arendt has mentioned this extraction of idea of Aristotle in her book “The human condition” quite frequently.
The private realm has been expressed by her in the context of private, home, domestic or household’s life. Therefore, she has separated the life into two realms, the public realm denotes to the political, state, city or republic life. Conversely the private realm denotes to the family, comfort, individual, and the domestic life identity (Arendt, 1998).
Political ideology of three Aristotle, Plato, and Hannah Arendt
Two very renowned philosophers Aristotle and Plato, and one prominent political theorist Hannah Arendt have same notion about politics. In fact, Hannah Arendt is not a philosopher, but majority has knighted her philosopher which she denied categorically. However, in a general comparison, Arendt possesses the same ideas and the wisdom about politics which the two renowned philosophers Aristotle and Plato have.
Hereinafter, the concept of cities presented by Aristotle in his philosophical wisdom, the concept of republic presented by Plato in his philosophical wisdom, and the concept of public and private realm presented in Hannah Arendt political wisdom has the same meaning and the same influence. Whereas, Aristotle and Plato have directly denoted the politics by referring it to the cities and republic activities, there, Hannah Arendt has indirectly denoted the political activities by referring it to the public realm. But, meaning in each one’s theory or philosophy is the same to identify the political or public oriented activities and to make them more centers oriented.
Extracting idea of politics in philosophical wisdom presented by three most prominent personalities in the filed of political studies Aristotle, Plato, and Hannah Arendt. And, at the same time, getting information by researching about those three very dominant and prominent personalities. It is time to express personal ideas on the politics and government. It will be personal argument by keeping in view the established theories and philosophies.
The idea of good government
In a democratic means the ideal government refers to the government of the people, by the people, and for the people. The democratic characterization of government would the idea of three prominent philosophers; the good government could also build on the same characterization.
Therefore, people are the central of government, because people made the governments by participating in political process. And, people in the government are actually from the people who participated to form a government. The concept of democratic government also refers to the notion of Aristotle’s scholarly approach of cities or community, Plato’s approach of republic, and Hannah Arendt’s concept of public and private realm.
Therefore, altogether, government is conception of public or community and its activities are based on public and community. The formation of government and its functions are governed by the public and community. Hereinafter, it is an activity of public realm to built good community, republic or government for the people, it should be formed of the people, and it have to be formed by the people.
Do Aristotle, Plato, and Hannah Arendt care about the happiness of individual members of the community?
By examining above defined three scholars, it has been extracted that each of them believes about the happiness of individual members of the community.
Aristotle defined the happiness in his cities and community political approach. He was the fist who presented community living approach, and induce the ethics into the political practices. His theory consists on the togetherness and a collection of parts which cannot exist without each other
Plato defined the happiness in his republic political approach. His just man and unjust man approach theory has presented the law, rules and justice into the political system as well as political practices. At the same time, his wisdom of second parallel world in his theory that is ahead strengthened the ethical approach in the politicians as well as in the political process.
Hannah Arendt defined the politics and political process in her “the public and the private realm”. She segregated the two life styles one she suggested is public and the second she suggested is private. She further defined the prerequisites of both of the life styles and presented in her book another “Social realm.” Therefore, her theories are actually based on the real life practices i.e. the public and the private.
So, all three of them actually have unanimous approach towards the happiness of individual members of the community. And, they very influentially embarked the notion without taking any pressure and influence. By appraising the object of the three scholar’s notion in their philosophy of politics – the happiness of community members. It can be observed to oversee the current political system as well as the environment we have for politics. It, in fact, reflects the notion of three scholars – the happiness of community members.
Are citizens happier if they live under good laws and good administration?
It is a basic human right to live under good laws and good administration. In overall overview one can understand that in society some citizens have strong social standing and some have weak. Therefore, it is so important to have equal laws and administration for every citizen that provide equal rights to everyone. Moreover, in a humanistic approach the equal good approach towards the basic human rights makes the citizens happier for sure.
The essence of this essay is also about happiness of citizens for having good laws and good administration around them. Three scholars Aristotle, Plato, and Hannah Arindt discussed above have the same sentiments and theory for citizens to be happier by giving them the good laws and good administration. Indeed, it could be notified by getting impression of the civilized world.
Why would justice be something I would want, as an individual and as a member of community?
Justice is something that balances the society. Without justice a nation cannot achieve the status of civilized nation. And, without civilization no society can be treated as community. Therefore, justice is deemed the basic or maybe treated every thing to achieve the status of civilized nation. For an individual i.e. member of community and for whole community justice is something that gives social, political as well as the domestic/in house equality.
Hereinafter, justice is utmost and ultimate requirement of a stable and lawful government. No government can run its system and procedures in equal manner without justice. Plato has presented very good notion of just and unjust man in his theory of politics. He justified the importance of justice and denied the unjust prevalence in the society. On the other hand, Aristotle has add-on ethics in his politics theory that also means the justice and respect in the system and process of politics. So, justice is basic to achieve status of civilized nation.
In your view, is a good city necessary to individual happiness?
I personally believe that good city concept presented in the theories of above scholars is critically important to individual happiness. The reason behind my opinion is a cooperative community is guarantee to the individual as well as communal happiness. There are several examples of united individuals and independent individuals. The outcome civilizations get from these experiences is the united individuals or the community system is much better from the independent individuals.
Hereinafter, the concept of good city also refers to the notion of united individuals or the community. And, it is tested secret that united individuals i.e. good city is necessary to individual happiness. It not only assures the ethical behavior of the society but also insures the peace and justice. At the same time, it also develops the public realm that is defined by Hannah Arendt in her book “The human condition.”
At the end of treatise, it is better to restate the thesis which is, politics refers to arrange the people for their prosperity, happy and peaceful life. At the end, after examination of the idea of politics of three well established political scholars as well as understanding the political ideal of Aristotle and Plato. It is now easy to comment that individual ethics, happiness and justice are most essential constituent in the political process and in the city/community. Hence, without these three elements of fine politics and good government, a good community or civilized nation’s status cannot be achieved.
Hereinafter, it is mandatory to have and understand the best notion of best scholars to achieve the best outcome from politics and the government. It will not only influential in the term of humanistic approach, but it will also be helpful for overall community prosperity, happiness and peaceful life.