Realism, transnationalism and social class theories are three distinct philosophies that predict different orientations to human relations within a nation and a cross nations. The difference between the three theories is embedded on their view points. Realists first and foremost believe that foreign policies that usually define the relationship between nations are embedded on each country’s national interests and not on legal considerations. More so, the behavior between nations is subject to power relations and not on any legal derivatives. Transnationalism on the other hand is the opposite of realism as it establishes that international relations should not be pegged on individualistic and short term interests, but rather on mutual corporations and understandings. The focal point in transnationalism especially with regard to the world’s great nations is that they should not view each other as competitors as well as military threat, but rather as friends and a family. Class system which has dominated contemporary thinking divides the world in terms of division of labor, hence dividing the world into three distinct groups of periphery, semi periphery and core countries. With regard to latest developments in the world where globalization has made the world to be a global village, it therefore looks perfectly clear that transnationalism is the best of the three theories in explaining relations between nations.
My best criticism of the theory of class system comes from the positivists’ scholars who in deed found out that the theory lacks specific focus as it heavily relies on generalization of issues instead of using concrete quantifiable data. However, the least of my critics are the Orthodox Marxists who refused to see the other side of the world and would criticize anything that deviates from their principles such as stressing on the arrangement of class structure.
Marx and Engel developed five stages of development in their definition of class struggle. These stages are primitive communism which is usually defined in terms of gathering and hunting and commonality of property. The second stage is the slave society which they considered to be the advent of class society and private property ownership, whereas the third stage is the feudalism which developed after the collapse and extinction of the slavery period and was characterized by systems such as theocracy and aristocracy. The fourth stage is that of capitalism which developed as a result of the dreaded bourgeoisies’ revolution. Capitalism is characterized of such systems as market economy, democracy and private economy. The last stage is the socialist’s stage which develops after the working mounts a spirited revolution to overthrow the capitalists.
I don’t agree with Wallerstein’s stand point that the capitalists economy cannot survive. It is evident today that his point been disapproved as almost 100% of the world’s economies are defined in terms capitalists structures. Halliday identified three systems of international competition that always define the major struggles of the world. These are technological competition, completion for arms and wealth which by default has been the source of most of the conflicts the world faces even today. At the same time, the key assumptions from Noam Chomsky’s speech clearly depicts the fact that America which boasts of itself as core nation has been manipulating the semi and peripheral nations to their disguise.