Galileo played a crucial role in the scientific revolution. Galileo believes that when discussing physical problems one ought to begin from the sense of experiences, and the necessary day-to-day experiences. The document demonstrates the inter relationships that exist between science and religion. For example, from the document he states that in order to arrive at some certainties in physics, it is vital to use some aids such as the bible to come up with the conclusions.

This piece of work has historical significance as it tries to discuss the conflict of theory between the bible and the church. From the document, Galileo was not implying that his discoveries were opposite to the truth sighted through the bible, but that science offered an improvement to their appropriate understanding. This is because science offers the most appropriate tools, which aid in the exposition of the bible. It also gives an insight to the investigation of the meanings, which will be used to demonstrate the truth. Galileo believes that the same God who has provided human beings the sense of reasoning through which they can use to forgo their use by other means is the same one who gives them the knowledge through which all the discoveries were made.  They also believe that nature is immutable, and it never transgresses the laws imposed on it. Nature does not care on the acceptability of its deeds or methods of operations of human (McNeese, 2006).

The document focused on Galileo’s teachings. He is passionate to bring out the understanding of the Copernican theory.  Galileo had driven force that wanted to ensure that the discoveries that he had made were acceptable by everyone. From his writing, he tries to argue the priority of science over religion in the physical theory. He believes that discoveries made through science hold more waters than the bible, which merely lies on faith. The writings of the bible especially on myths such as the bible version of how the world came to being is remarkably different form the scientific discoveries.  In addition, this letter presumes that Galileo went to a much, far extent in trying to support his scientific belief. This work brings the understanding of the conflicts that are underlying religion and science (Heilbron, 2010).

The author of the document is Galileo Galilei, and the document appears as part of the letter that he wrote to Christina, known as the Letter to the Grand Duches Christina. The letter circulated in the form of manuscripts, and it emerged in both Italian and Latin in 1636. The Catholic Church including all the other letters written by Galileo suppressed it. It was later translated and edited by Stillman Drake. The book was published at the science journal in the year 1957. This letter is in page 181 to 182 of the book.

In this document, Galileo disseminates his writings to a modern person who does not have a clear understanding of what is happening. He discusses his support for science, which is against the opinions of the church. Although it is often mentioned as an example of conflict between science and religion, it is also a key example of scientific effort to religious beliefs. In Galileo’s era, there was a prominent disparity over the accepting of Bible verses.  It was alleged that these scriptures were meant to have an interpretation as science, and not principally as poetry. They could be interpreted to say that the Earth was physically innermost in the universe. However, Galileo believed on Copernicus’ argument that it is impossible to believe on the bible as the basis of science. Galileo remained a committed Catholic to the termination of his life, making his position apparent in this letter to the Grand Duchess of Tuscany (Galilei & Finocchiaro, 2008).

What motivated Galileo were his other discoveries that he affirms such as the telescope. He believes that, in order for the bible to be accepted by other people, it has to beware of different ways through which different people will understand it. The bible has many things, which differ from the complete truth. For example, it has many words, which have different meanings.  On the other hand, nature is inevitable and permanent. It never disobeys the laws imposed upon it, or change in the methods of understanding and operation understandable to men.  Galileo wants the reader to believe that there is reason to why nothing physical appears sense experience sets before humankind. This is an essential prove that ought to be called in the enquiry upon the indication of biblical passages, which may have some different meaning underneath their words.

A reader can draw from reading this document several things. The document leaves a reader with questions such as to why Galileo had to do some things. This document gives the reader the knowledge to the understanding of the problems and the difficulties that face the church as well as science. Several collisions can be seen when science and religion are compared. Galileo demonstrates his advances to the bible by emphasizing that neither the bible nor science could be dismissed. This is because he believes that to some extent, the bible can be true, but, on the other hand, he also believes that the bible can have the writings that cannot be justifiable or proven. It brings out the understanding that the meanings of other things could be enriched by science. From reading the document, one can conclusively deduce that science and religion can have a constructive relationship. However, some people can conclude that the relevancy of a higher being is not something that can be tested scientifically.  Furthermore, science provides facts about the natural, physical world. There is quantifiable amount of tests or theories that could be used to agree or disagree on the existence of a mystic creator.  Therefore, to justify the existence of the creator needs someone to have a lot of faith on the same (Galilei & Finocchiaro, 1997).

It rather gives an empirical argument about the physical nature or the norms and laws, which form the foundation of the argument. It is certain that there is a distinct similarity between science and religion; there is a comprehensive source of truth that can be drawn for both of them.   However, the similarities between the two can be minimal compared to the differences between them. This explains why there are still certain questions that can solely be answered by scientific facts and others that can be solved by religion. On the contrary, science cannot give answers to questions about the purpose of life or on an extension about the existence of God. There will always be a variance and; therefore, one needs to judge rightfully when it comes to deciding between using religious book for scientific textbook. This is because both of them can have different judgements and opinions, which can only be proven by either of them.

This document provides insight to other topics such as the understanding of the conflict theory that exist between the churches and scientific believes. The document also provides insight to topics on the relationship between science and religion. This topic has been the focus of argument that science and religion use different methodologies in pursuit of knowledge. The differences in the facts that are drawn from science and the ones derived from religion, gives insight to the topic on the understanding of scientific discoveries, which can be sometimes different from the bibles facts. Galileo differs in his believe from the bible. Some of the scholars believe that there is a clear cut between science and religion but others believe that there is an interconnection between the two. Other scholars believe that it is a matter of personal judgement on the two. They tend to believe that science can be the second option as it tries to find reasons for the statements in the bible. It also gives insight on the topic such as the variance of hypothesis. Although recently, it its interpretation gives a long-term relationship between science and religion. The difference hypothesis explained by facts adjoins the myth supported by Galileo. This hypothesis presents a more multifaceted relationship between science and the church. It discloses both collaboration and strain between the two. Galileo this document also gives insight to the modern, historical topics on the discovery of different thing.

On a personal reflection, there are several incidences that the current science is linked to the Galileo’s discoveries and assumptions. Current science studies have shown that both Galileo and his opponents were partially right to some percentage. It has been proven that Galileo was right in his assertion on the mobility of the earth but was wrong in stating that the sun was static.  This gives insight that to some extent science is true. His opponents were right asserting that the sun was mobile.  Currently the principal suppressor of science is not the church but the Darwinian fundamentalist. These groups of people find themselves in the same situation, as was the church during the time of Galileo, through the fact that they suppress the teachings of the bible as the final authority of all things.

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