An argument represents an expertise field where people engage in discussions involving areas of interest to them. Some of these expertise topics were advanced by a Greek philosopher known as Socrates (470 – 399 B.C) they famously came to known as the Socrates dialogue. He used to argue that the scholars’ point of view and their perspectives were unfounded and left a lot to be investigated and left room and loopholes for manipulations. However his arguments with scholars and his challenge to scholar’s works did not only result to miserable life for him but it also attributed to his imprisonment and eventually lead to his death though his means of achieving the truth has up to the contemporary world remain influential in modern critical thinking. This is clearly demonstrated by his legacy that is even used in modern world that people should not accept statements without verifying their truths, reasons for their advancement and grounds under which they are proposed (Brooke and Richard 26).
Therefore critical thinking comprises of two fundamental prerequisites under which they can be relied upon; these include practical ways off establishing good reasons to either support an argument or reject it besides the ability’s to distinguish the good reasoning from bad ones. Therefore an argument is represented by the ability to reason logically and have the driving power to convince others to accept your proposed truth of some as the guiding principles. Different people present their own opinions as the accepted truth, but until and unless they present truths and convincing reasons why their opinions should be considered as truth is of paramount importance in an argument process. For this process to be successful, inference is vital which involves the initial process of reasoning to the last stage of conclusion. This reasoning process establishing an opinion of whether the presented statement is genuine or not, results to an argument (Brooke and Richard 31).
An argument is critical in the establishment and development of critical thinkers who should not only analyze the contextual presentation of an opinion but should also present an inner depiction either as a premise, or conclusion. This helps them to identify various components of communication, express their clarity in opinions, and have a proper connection between parts of a statement to have a clear understanding of the proposed concept. This is widely used as an important strategy that is widely utilized in analysation of complex arguments.
Statements that presents how arguments are advanced are frequently presented in various forms in order to constitute to an argument, first there are those presented to explain a concept in an opinion. Others are presented with an aim of convincing others towards aligning their thoughts to accept the presented opinion as a truth. Therefore if the convincing statement is strong enough to influence the perspective of others after an argument is considered as a truth. The conclusion of a statement is the one considered whether the statement was an argument of a statement of an opinion which is not verified and vetted to be examined whether it’s the truth or not. When an argument is distinguished from an explanation, the reasoning process becomes easier and clearer. This offers the concerned parties an opportunity to test whether the presented argument presents influential facts that can be convincing enough to accept and follow (Brooke and Richard 38).
When an argument is arranged and contains a premise and a conclusion, then distinction of whether the presented opinions contains convincing truth is simple and easier since an argument will presents such words such as ‘thus’, ‘therefore’ and ‘whichever’ in the conclusion and not in the premise, if contrary is the case, the opinion qualifies to an explanation as opposed to argument. These words are referred to as either premise indicators or conclusion indicators respectively. Arguments do follow specific structures which are paramount in recognition of whether opinion is an argument or an explanation (Brooke and Richard 49).