Philosophies of Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche was among the greatest philosophers of the early 20th century. He sharpened his philosophical skills through reading the works of earlier philosophers of the 18th century, whom he considered his mentors. He had a lot of respect for these great thinkers. In later days he wrote an essay dedicated to Schopenhauer, one of his mentors (Mencken, 2008). In the past two centuries, his work has had an authority and influence among both intellectuals and politicians around the world. He had a unique delivery style, and that is why his work has had a lot of criticism globally. Readers of his work end up hating it or liking it passionately.  

Nietzsche’s philosophies are widespread. In his perception that God is dead, he tries to justify this allegation as a string of frustrations.  He says that Western culture should rise above the conventions of Christianity. According to Nietzsche, nihilism is resulted from the intellect circle of Christianity. This makes him overrule the existence of God and, therefore, physics ideologies make more sense than what the theists assert. He says that since Jesus Christ himself refused to accept reality, it is better for an individual to be an atheist (Hollingdale, 1999). Nietzche says that since Christ refused to fight back, he gave up, which undermines the possibility of God’s existence. He disagrees with the Christian community for making Jesus a martyr. He asserts that by killing Jesus Christ, they made his teachings vague.

Nietzsche wrote his works in the process of rebuilding the damage caused by Christians during the ancient days. His philosophies appeared after the death of his father in summer 1849. His inclination was to show the true way in which God wanted human beings to live as opposed to what Christians were doing. These ideas were echoed by Homer Barron who later became Friedrich’s great supporter (Hollingdale, 1999).

The most significant story presents the inhabitants leaving an old way of life and having a new beginning that is organized to reflect the views of philosophers. The old regime is represented by the passing on of people, who, according to Nietzsche, had an earthly destiny.  These dead people get reborn as seen in new-born children indicating their ancestral behavior. In this work, inhabitants of the old South readily embrace change when renovations begin. The new era proves that conventional ways of life cannot stand the taste of time.

In the story, Friedrich tries to justify his argument using the symbol of time implying the end of cultural practices. When Emily accepts Homer Barron, it shows change from one way of life to another, in which case, Barron is a tool for this transformation. Unfortunately, Emily doesn’t seem to embrace the wave of change that is wholly accommodated by his town. She kills Homer indicating that she does not agree with the new ideas of developing the town. In this case, she is trying to stop the sequence of time, where the end result is her own death.

Naturally, Friedrich uses an intended point of view that has a great impact on the readers of the story. In the beginning of the story, he introduces the death of Jesus that wholly invites the reader to the main character in the story. He creates a clear mood probably for the Old South. This is done through events that unfold in his creative choice of characters, and the unique setting. The narrator of the story is as well unknown (Mencken, 2008).

In his varying circumstances, the narrator introduces characters in a detailed manner for the reader to understand them better. For instance, Emily Grierson, who is the main protagonist, is introduced as one of the remainders of the Old South. The narrator indicates that her presence would make the new folks follow the old ways. When describing Emily’s lover he says that he is a huge man with black complexion. In this, the author gives the readers room to interpret the story, criticize where necessary and make their own decisions.

It emerges that according to Nietzsche’s works, there are two types of morality. There is a major moral that focuses on a man of good deeds and the slave morality that is reactive. He says that they develop in men of weak morals due to reinforcement from external powers. He goes on that these morals do not represent inverted versions of each other (Hollingdale, 1999).  They offer different values in the main morals. Serve as a measure of good and bad deeds in the society, while the slave morals compare the good and evil deeds in the social setting.

Nietzsche links this with his views in the book The Will to Power. He explains that an individual cannot survive on his own. Thus, in his thoughts he must relate one person to another so that he can have a clear picture of his views. Even though, another philosopher, Alfred Baeumler, heavily disagrees with Nietzsche (Lemm, 2009).

In conclusion, it can be deduced that Friedrich Nietzsche gained his philosophical ideas through wide reading of other philosophers’ works. Some of them form part of his mentors as much as he has inspired other people. Notably, his main advocacy was to fight against theism in which most Christians believe in the existence of a god who is all powerful and all knowing. Just like many atheists, Friedrich Nietzsche argues that the existence of God overrules the possibility of evil in the world. The paper has taken into account one of Nietzsche’s writings and discussed most of the ideas being advocated for in the work.  

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