Rene Descartes was a French philosopher, a writer and a mathematician who lived from 1596 to 1650. He is father of modern philosophy, father of analytical geometry and was one of the geniuses behind the scientific revolution. Discourse on the Method is a Descartes piece of work written in 1637. Part IV of the book talks about the proof of God and the soul.
The surprise ending occurs when Descartes believes on the existence of God. He starts with doubting his sensory knowledge but realizes that the fact he doubts means that he is something which requires a thought. It’s this thought that confirms his existence and he finally adopts the saying ‘I am thinking, therefore I exist’. Since knowledge is based on thinking, Desecrate concludes that his soul is totally separate from his body. The point that makes a reader realizes that the ending is going to be different from the beginning is the point where Desecrate assesses the thoughts of the imperfect non living objects. At this point, he asserts that God is a perfect mind because all the perfections in the living and non living objects are all as a result of God’s perfection.
The use of geometry and his remark on reason rather than senses and imagination as a proof of God’s existence are the convincing techniques Desecrate uses in making the reader into believing the ending of part IV of the book.