Socratic Method

The “Book One” of Plato’s The Republic showcases a disagreement between Socrates and Thrasymachus about the character of justice and its availability. The conflict refers to their views of the subject matter, which is tremendously prominent, but the assured fundamental agreement guides the course of the debate. Justice system decides the way our society is governed. Justice is the resultant existence of virtues such as tolerance, humility, and greed vices.

Integrity is necessary for the establishment of any system based on the preeminence and independence of the land. A system guided by the integrity is much safer than that pioneered by one-man show. A one-man show, which involves squandering society resources at all costs, lacks justice for all. Greed remains human beings’ worst virtue from ancient times to the present. Greed creates room for exploitation of other people to benefit wealthy people. Integrity is determined by the observation of the institution of the certain community. A perfect and balanced justice system should reflect democracy where everyone despite the background - the poor, the rich, the weak, and the strong - get to have a say in what the administration does.

Thrasymachus was of the view that justice should be a reserved advantage of the mighty in a setting. Just as suggested above, no one can truly call for reservation of justice for a few. Therefore, Socrates was quick to defend all. Thrasymachus supported his claim by stating that he was misunderstood. Thrasymachus claimed both: that justice could be enjoyed by the weak and it was the advantage to the strong. This calls for the counter accusations between Socrates and Thrasymachus (Kerferd, 1981).

Thrasymachus’s first description of justice is easy to state, but it is not so apparent how it is to be construed. Thrasymachus claims that justice is valuable to the stronger than to the weaker. For that reason, Socrates is quick to ask whether this revelation is accurate. Thrasymachus defines justice as a platform for the strong to oppress the weak. In addition, he says that this might be conducted when the strong makes up laws that are likely to be followed only by the weak. Usually, the strong do not use these laws. When the weak obeys the law of the land, the justice system will act at the advantage of the strong. However, Socrates suggests that humans are prone to error, and sometimes they are not able to distinguish between the advantage and disadvantage. This is remarkably clear since what Thrasymachus suggests about the rule of a law which is not followed. Then the justice system would work at the disadvantage of the weak.

At the beginning of the debate, all works well with Thrasymachus, until a point where Socrates twists the debate into his favor. The winning argument is achieved using examples such as: all art is done for the sole purpose of benefiting the admirer more than the artistic. Similarly, the doctor uses their experience and skills for the sake of the patient. Socrates, thus, compares the artistic skills of a doctor to that of a ruler. If a ruler is making decisions as a strong entity, they will then benefit the weak who are his subjects.

There are multiple forms of the government in this world. Each type of the government has its own power sharing and the justice system. The structure of the justice and power system is made in consideration that their interest will be served in the power’s priority. The government and its executive bodies draft the laws for a justice system. If a subject, weak person, breaks the laws, the universal punishment of the offenders is issued accordingly. Therefore, Thrasymachus states that the principle serves as the interest of the government that has the power. Thrasymachus terms this as the interest of the strong (Nicholson, 1974).

Socrates corners this accusation by using of the witty remarks. First, Socrates asks the question that makes Thrasymachus to contradict himself. Socrates’ model is exceedingly clear. He agrees with Thrasymachus that the obedience to the rules is set by the supremacy of the land. If the rules are made by humans who are prone to error, then sometimes the laws may have errors. Then, consequently, when the laws have errors and if the subjects obey those dreadful laws, they will act at the disadvantage of the rulers. The justice system will be reversed. The human beings are prone to error, thus, the justice system would never work at the advantage of the strong only. Socrates’ idea is that if the justice system serves for the interest of a strong so does it do for the weak when the rulers make mistakes.

For a society to grow, it must be the social, economic, and political balance. Clustering is there common where the plenty of these needs are. Social, economic, and political advocating and cooperative management of the allocation of needs will lay a platform for the exercising power. Therefore, power is reliant on these factors which lead to the social growth. A decision made about the justice system should reflect the equality. Justice, as suggested, is the only way to eradicate the evils of inequality and unfairness in the society. 

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