As Sartre pointed out, human beings have the freedom to choose whatever they deem appropriate as they are completely responsible for their survival (Sartre, 1989). Therefore, existentialism initially informs all human beings on the need of taking responsibility over their own lives. Man holds values because of the choices he or she makes. Sartre explains through their actions humans generate ethics (Sartre, 1989).
Humans define themselves through their actions in connection to an involvement. Therefore, for Sartre, what being free in terms of choosing and responsibility means is that, not only humans are responsible for their existence, but they are also responsible for the entire humanity too. By his core choosing and shaping, an individual automatically confirms his or her inclination for that choice. However, he/she not only advocates that preference for himself/herself, but for the overall humanity. Every human is hence responsible not only for himself/herself but for all humans, and so in choosing he/she represents others in a desirable manner (Sartre, 1989).
On the other hand, freedom of choice may result a mission of self-deception for instance bad faith. Bad faith means deceiving oneself regarding an attempt that is not possible mostly to flee from responsibility, freedom and anguish. In other terms, bad faith is simply making of bad choices. The only way to flee self-deceit is authenticity, which means choosing in a manner that will allow others freedom and is in conformity with their expectations. To act authentically, humans should shun self-deceit which demands their freedom concealing from themselves and, thus, evading responsibility for their actions (Sartre, 1989).
Only a few individuals, Sartre believes, are prepared to acknowledge their freedom and accordingly become accountable. This responsibility for freewill gives rise to anguish and despair in the majority of individuals. The awareness that a person’s fate lies in his/her own hands implies they feel a sense of abandonment (Sartre, 1989).