People have different ways in which they see and analyze art, but there are different ways of improving what you see in art. Everyone who looks at works of art has a central aim in the mystification of art. It is clear that what is involved in seeing art and how people at large see things is determined by what those people know about that art. In most cases, real meaning of art is distorted by monetary value that is obscured by academics.
It is crucial to note that the links between what people see and words they hear form the basis of cognition and seeing what comes before words. For example, seeing establishes a place in the world and uses words instead to explain the world. Therefore, there is always a distinction between what people see and know, for example people may know the meaning of an art but they end up knowing the opposite.
According to James Berger, views on what people see come first and then words are used later to express and explain the art. It is clear that the way of seeing, or the way people interpret art, is greatly affected by what people who are analyzing art know or believe. This is what creates a relationship between seeing and recognition, in which it develops a kind of system where the past experiences change the way of seeing things. For example, there is a significant difference between the way people see fire today as compared to those in the middle ages who would associate fire with hell. The act of seeing remains an active act of choice. That is, people see what they look at in order to have relevance of it. Therefore, out of the understanding, we get the impression that people see things differently as well as the explanation on a certain kind of art differs.
Whenever art is made, it remains detached into that place in which it is made. As a result, only its appearance attracts attention first. These images or art detachments may be small or large, but the person who has made them is involved in the way of seeing them. Furthermore, when people look at somebody else’s image, or rather a work of art, the understanding they get out of it depends on the way they see it. Lately, people have increased consciousness in terms of images, and they term it as a vision of a particular artist. The way of seeing can be supplemented by a more imaginative work, a great understanding of a certain artist’s work of art and the experience those artists have in the world. In the context of ways of seeing an image, the meanings they have are obscured by the assumptions learnt as they form the basis of the history understanding that keeps on changing as people change. Although this is the case, cultural mystification, which is another factor that bars ways of seeing, makes an image remain more remote and gives people a chance to draw conclusion not necessarily from what they see but from the history. Mystification is one of the many ways that deprives people from a chance of seeing some work of art in the right perspective. This in the end deprives people from the understanding of their history, especially in a museum.
Another barrier to the way of seeing is the emergence of deliberate actions towards it. This comes from a group of minorities who are striving to invent history that best satisfies their role and wishes. That is, people want history to follow their course of interest. Many people fail to go deeper in the personality of the artist when they look at his/her work of art. It is easy to get an artist personality only if it corresponds to art viewers’ observations.
In the process of viewing art, many things come in the ways of the viewer. These may be based on the above discussed factors that focus more on the misunderstanding of art. One of the barriers is that people, or viewers of an art, lack a monetary value and fail to understand the works of history as well as reading into the language that a work of art expresses.
Another contributing factor is that the way of seeing a painting is an issue of a certain perspective. Everyone is in possession of a different view as well as different life outlook. This is supported by the fact that the way people see things is not what they know or believe. For example, in the case of religion, a painting showing crucifixion of Jesus to people with a Christian belief would be a far much considerable value compared to those in another religion.
Knowledge of history is another barrier in the way of seeing. Making a wrong assumption about a particular work of art is very easy. People fail to understand the technique, the era it was created and the feelings of the artist. In any case, a person with this kind of motive will develop a negative altitude towards a certain work of art and therefore kill the morale of knowing more about the art.
Peoples’ mystification on the past issues comes in the way of viewing a painting and getting the message across. Mystification is the process of explaining a work of art in a way that might be the otherwise evidence. This is a situation where people look only on the outlook of a painting but do not bother to examine the other side of it. Therefore, a person who tries to analyze more about the work of art might be mystifying the history of art. For example, a photocopy of an art may make a person view it differently compared to another person who may view it as original.
The way of seeing is also affected by language and images. It is possible to get different answers about a painting, or the other work of art. For example, according to Berger, a painting by van Gogh contains birds on a beach. Someone may get a perception that the beach is a nice place. Still, on the other side of the painting, there are words indicating that van Gogh killed himself after doing this painting. This makes the painting take a different feeling. The painting changes it meaning where a person would see it as a sad and crazy thing. Therefore, to understand this work of art, a person must be conversant with history about the artist and the time of doing the painting. Therefore, it is notable that the meaning of a painted image is contributed to what follows it.
In order to overcome this obstacle of the way of seeing, the spectator must view the piece of art as a separate entity. People should first accommodate or take that work of art as their own. This will help them understand the artwork and easily accommodate it in their minds before concluding about the content of the work. Once a person takes a piece of art as his/her own, it is easy to come up with the most relevant information about it. They do not make conclusion just from the outside but rather after a thorough analysis of that kind of art.
Another barrier to overcome this obstacle is that people fail to analyze the history of an artist as well as the history that lies behind certain paintings. Whenever people understand the history of art, they are able to draw overriding conclusion about art not only on the basis of what they see but also from the message of that particular work of art. For example, because people have a clear history behind the history of Jesus, they are able to draw a conclusion as well as get a clear message of the artist who has drawn a painting on the crucifixion of Jesus. It is also necessary to ensure that people first note the time of the work of art.
One of the key barriers that come in the way of seeing art is the issue of mystification. Art history makes a work of art difficult to understand. People should try to seek the truth about some paintings from the artist or through historical research. In this case, people will be able to avoid judging art because of what they know or through propaganda. This is because they end up explaining the meaning of art through evidence different from that of an artist. In most cases, works of art contain a hidden message in themselves, which takes the viewer’s time to analyze.
It is also essential that people research the artist and the period the painting was done before making any assumptions to what the painting means. Identifying the inner meaning of an art will give a clear answer of what an artist meant in his or her paintings. There are some works of art which relate to the old days. Such works of art require the viewers to go through the history of the artist in order to draw the right conclusion from the art. Once a person is aware of the past in terms of art, it gives the key bases of getting the right message of the masterpiece.
Another way of avoiding barriers of the way of seeing is that people should keep in mind the most valuable part of art. Understanding art is trying and overcoming obstacles there are. People should try to keep aside their beliefs and understand history of the work of art as well as that of the artist. They should mystify the past and use relevant language and images of art as the crucial tools in order to get the message the artist is trying to communicate. Therefore, it is necessary for all people to ensure that they have an open mind about art. People should analyze the work of an artist first before drawing conclusions.
It is the museum's authority to control the way of seeing and at the same time collecting the meaning from their context within the museum. It is necessary to note that whenever objects are arranged in an orderly manner in a museum, they get their importance and validity. Museums help the art viewers by ensuring that they provide them with objects that are valuable whenever they gather them. Finally, the museum provides cultural knowledge to the art viewers by organizing how materials that fall under its authority deliver the message they contain.