Condoleezza Rice has been a significant figure in the national policymaking in President Bush’s administration. She expressed her views in the role of America in the world politics where she noted that President Bush was losing fame as time passed by, and that her position in decision-making was getting acknowledged by the stakeholders. Condoleezza Rice became strong in the national security matters; this was an irony, since her position was becoming stronger in an administration that was slowly losing out to the competitors. Rice seemed to measure the American political history; she actually considered the republican imperialist by the name Roosevelt and Harry Truman as democratic on cold war.

Rice in her observations indicated that Roosevelt had some similar characteristics with President Bush (439).  Both presidents had a radiant of greatness, although a number of American people misunderstood Roosevelt. He was seen as an idealist, while other people considered Roosevelt as a cold-eyed realist. He is noted to have sent the marines to Cuba in the cold war; moreover, this is conflicting in that Roosevelt was accorded a Nobel Peace Prize for assisting in ending the war between Japan and Russia.

Roosevelt helped in building the Panama Canal; hence, he was considered soft spoken to enemies, but also portrayed authoritative approach to the people and nations that never obeyed him. Rice describes that Roosevelt displayed realism and went further to describe it as uniquely American.

American realism is influenced by the prevailing politics, thus, America is characterized by a unique character that enables people of America to be united by the virtue of soil and blood, governed by the human rights and human freedom. American people believe that their characters dictate the unique power, and it, therefore, believed that America has unique interests in material gain guided by the moral values of the American people. It has adapted a revolutionary power system, unlike the majority of countries in the world that embrace the status quo power.

Rice acknowledged that Americans are united by universal ideas as a result; she continued asserting that America’s moral values drive the country to the rest of the world (437). This indicates that no agency is involved or any human choice involved. Rice is critical in stating that America has interests in material gain. The main challenges suggest that, if the rest of the world exploited other nations by material interests and moral values, then a world war would be ignited. America does all it to maintain the position of a super power; this is best done by controlling the world business. However, countries like China are becoming the probable threats in the global business.

American realism credits that human beings are blemish and imperfect by nature; that is why nations embrace democratic systems and establish democratic institutions. The democratic institutions guide America to make critical decisions; hence, democratic institutions guide decisions on war, prosperity, peace, poverty and other considerable decisions. America believes that the states act as the distribution points of the prevailing power between them; this has enabled America to attain its goals amicably. It believes in the united purpose and power; this is well engraved in the words of President Roosevelt after the American great depression (McCormick 24).

Rice asserted that democratic institutions are vital in making decisions. She noted that the democratic nature was destroying the local administration basing on effectiveness and integrity. America in the Iraq war destroyed the state power institutions instead of reforming the power systems. It is unclear on the statements of Rice that institutions of power dictate the course of actions taken by the American government. This resonates to the theory of democratic peace that indicates that states never make war on one another. The theory was credited stating that the best way to avoid war within a country is to become democratic in nature. This theory is challengeable and the western countries have engaged in war with countries that seem not to be democratic. The theory has a considerable level of intimidation by the countries that are seen as superpowers.

Rice is critical to the democratic aspect; she asserts that it is different to various nations. For instance, the North Korea manufactured a bomb, no nation that attacked it while Iraq did not have any bomb, and it was attacked. This incident conflicts the democratic realism, and it is considered to have flaws on other countries. Human beings are fallible, and the interests concerned guide their decisions. America had interests in the Iraq oilrigs; this may have fuelled the attacks considerably. The Iraq war was not effectively balanced, considering democratic aspect between the two nations.

Democratism does not indicate that tensions will not prevail in nations. Tensions are characterized by bringing the daily interests of the nations in to one platform. The ideas and interests of America are believed to be driven by the moral value. Tensions are believed to influence the policies in place, but not guide to ignorance of the national interests. American national interests and tensions are believed to influence one another in a healthy relationship. American realism is believed to deal with the world as it is. America strives for the better world.  Realism in America addresses that nations should be just, free, prosperous, safe, peaceful, not perfect and ultimately just better than the world is today.

Rice indicated that, being unique, realism tends to make the world a better place to live in. The Bush administration seems to misinterpret the essence of American realism; the administration was characterized with terrible records that indicated the decreased justice, freedom, prosperity and peace in the Iraq country. For example, Iraq was attacked by America, ultimately making the country inhabitable. America’s economic club based in New York had special interests in Iraq.

America’s realism had the mandates of informing the work of political leaders in the cold war. America had to work on the reality, posed by the soviet power. American realism was characterized with creating the leeway for the open international order. This was expected to address the free markets, free minds, national sovereignty, and self-determination in the attempt to create peace and prosperity to America. This was extended to the other nations of the world. It is believed that American realism enabled George Marshall, the secretary of state by then, to visit Harvard. This was to encourage the development of the Western Europe in the free world.

Rice is critical in demonstrating that American realism dates back to many years, she continues to assert that American people believed in efficacy in the institutions. America has designed its institutions in a way to indicate dominance over other nations. This is to maintain the superpower status over the years. In the years of the cold war there was no American leader who attempted to cut the relations with the soviets. America was contented with containing the soviet empire. This was very strong to a point that it posed a threat to the stability of America. The Soviet Empire in Europe was characterized with immense power, according to Rice, America demonstrated the true realist. This is the act of dealing with the world as it is; Soviet empire slowly collapsed over the years. It was considered that the democrats played a critical role in the collapse of the Soviet empire. Rice indicated that the national sovereign enabled the American nation to remain superpower over the years.

American realism, according to Rice, has turned open international order from communists into capitalists. Some examples include cases, where rivals placed globally, which have turned into business partners. American realism has enabled people globally to live with human dignity. This has improved the global business, as well as made it clear that political interests vary depending with the nations. This enhances healthy competition, as Rice states.

However, American realism has faced challenges in the security matters, terrorism, climate changes and so on. Insecurity and spread of diseases are posing global threats, these challenges tests the democracy on the institutions in every country, as Rice asserts. Nations must devise means of achieving their set goals in the spectrum of the national power. This is best done by encouraging incentives and transformation in the light that the world is experiencing numerous changes; this is done in accordance with the American realism. American realism is encouraging transformations by encouraging the free trade, expanding business opportunities, properties for the citizens of the world. This has improved the trade agreements in the congress and is uniquely fighting the scourge of poverty and other global challenges. American realism is considered great in that, it is fighting for the human better life at a global level.

In conclusion, democracy as a political system is characterised by the citizens holding the power. This is because citizens elect people to represent them in the government. Democracy provides change in the government with no attributed violence. It enables power to be transferred from one political party to another. In most cases, citizens select people mandated to perform and produce desired results. Through democracy, feeling of participation and ownership are incited; this, in the end, cultivates a sense of belonging. There are demerits associated with democracy, especially where government keeps on changing, hence, not realizing the fruits of its labor. It may also influence people to vote for the parties, instead for the person representing them, hence loosing focus. However, democracy enables the continuous change in the government, as the world is changing too.

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