Terrorism is any activities that are done against the law. Terror groups around the world use various methods to facilitate their activities (Jean-Charles, 2002). The utmost terror group that threatens the stability of the world is the al-Qaida that has a network all around the world. The networks in any terror group are the vessel to collect revenue of their activities. The two main sources of funding the terror groups include drug trafficking and money laundry.
To understand each concept of the sources of financing terror groups’ definition of the terms used is extremely crucial. Drug trafficking is the first term that we need to understand. This is simply illegal drug trade. Mexico is the world known distributor of cocaine. United States of America is another world’s distributor of heroine. The trade proceeds are used to finance terror groups around the world. Afghanistan’s illegal drug industry finances the Taliban and al-Qaida activities. Governments on the other hand are used to promote the thriving illegal business by recklessly monitoring their borders (John, 2001). These border linkages boost the business making high proceeds finance criminal activities for instance purchasing of arsenal.
The second source of financing criminal activities is money laundry. Money laundry is hiding the identity of source sources of money. That is money from illegal activities is not revealed (Rachel, 2010). Money laundry takes place in every country of the world. However, the major grounds of money laundry are the criminal hubs country. Country like Iran, Afghanistan, and Iraq are the countries with high criminal activities are the hub of these illegal activities. An individual gets wealth protection from the criminal groups because he or she may be involved in criminal activities. These illegal sources of money and illegal support of a criminal gang give the criminal group financial freedom to carry out their activities.
Underground networks are defined as small grouping to work for a major group with similar interest or a group that is subordinate to. In most cases, the networks are the field’s persons. They collect information that is of interest to the radical group that is working for. Al-Shabab a militia group based in war torn nation of Somalia it is a subordinate to the al-Qaida. The group is used to collect revenue in the Indian Ocean. Ship hijacking is the main source of income of the militia (John, 2001). Their activities are a treat to economic activities in the east Africa. Other groups that are associated to al-Qaida include Boko Haram, al-Sha’bi, Shabiha among others. These networks work in a decentralized form to have criminal branches around the world. The revenues collected by these groups are used in the long-term funding of terrorism and acts as undercover agent for the utmost terror groups.
The money collected by terror groups is mainly used for weapon acquisition. Some of the weapons used by terror gangs are stolen. In the Indian Ocean, ship hijacking is a leading source of arsenals (Rachel, 2010). In addition, prime world’s terror groups like the al-Qaida have heavily invested in nuclear and atomic weapons. The resources from the networks grouping and other funding of the terror groups are used in making the weapons. In expounding the terror networks resources are needed to recruits other member to increase their network. For instance, the al-Qaida through its east African network trains individuals in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania to join the militia.
Fighting terrorism is a vital task that calls for unity and cooperation from all governments in fighting the vice. Money laundry legislation is an essential aspect in fighting terrorism. In addition, legislation on drug trafficking is an essential aspect in fighting terrorism. Trade linkages should be sealed to avoid illicit activities at the borders countries especially those that borders the sea. These will reduce the funding sources of terrorism thus reducing the menace. Moreover, funds shortage will cut the rate of acquiring weapons and personnel by the terror groups (John, 2001).