a)“Your representative owes you, not his industry only, but his judgment and betrays instead of serving you, if he sacrifices it to you r opinion.”
The above quotation is extracted from Edmund Burk’s speech delivered on the conclusion of the historic representative democracy at the Poll Bristol on 11th November 1774. Even though it is the sole duty of a parliamentary representative to respect his constituents’ opinions, wishes and interests, Burk asserts that it is inappropriate for a representative to yield to the pressure of the electorate mass. Ethics, sound judgment, sincerity and patriotism should guide his decisions throughout his term of service in the office. As a member of the Congress, the representative must safeguard the wider national interests against localized selfish opinions of his constituents that would otherwise grossly violate the federal laws and jeopardize the spirit of national unity.
In the United States of America, several representatives are under constant pressure to yield to the unpopular localized opinions of the constituents as a strategy to secure their massive political support. This reinforces the notion that political leader must be loyal to the opinion of their electorates regardless of the prevailing situation. This phenomenon has seen many legislators stand firm for the most controversial bills that violate the existing federal laws.
The implication of this quotation could be best illustrated in the most recent event when Texas Governor Rick Perry rejected the “House Spending Bill” as demanded by his electorates throughout Texas. Despite his rejection of the bill, Rick Perry was fully aware of the crucial role the bill would play in the provision of disaster relief funds which remains a necessity to most parts of the United States except Texas and few other federal states that are less hit by the natural disasters.
b)“Being a President is a lot like riding a tiger”
In one of his popular public speeches, Harry S. Truman, a renowned American politician, said that “being a president is a lot like riding a tiger which you must continue riding or else you can be swallowed”. He used to term “tiger” figuratively to illustrate how sensitive the office of the President stands in relation to the handling of topmost national matters. Truman maintains that matters of public governance that involves millions of citizens from different races, gender, religions, political groups, and philosophies are complex in their nature thus demands a super candidate who will always be on top of events. In stronger terms, the office of the president befits a super critical leader whose worldview is much expansive, dynamic, and integrated. An ordinary minded candidate is more likely to fail his presidential duties which are more tedious and complex in nature.
In a bid to become a functional President of America, one has to rise above party, regional, religious, or ethnic politics to assume the higher authority of being people’s president. Similarly, the ideal presidential candidate must be in full control of the international politics since this is the only way through which s/he could be able to perform presidential duties diligently. Failure to do this, the events will rise above him while in the office and he immediately ceases to function as a competent president.
This explains why the U.S. presidential candidates are carefully vetted by their respective political parties before they are cleared to vie for the big post countrywide. Once in the office, the president will be required to work with a number of experts to guide him on how to go about various national matters. Consequently, the president rises above local and international events.
c)There is nothing more common than to confound the terms of the American Revolution with those of the late American war. The American war is over: but this is far from being the case with the American Revolution. On the contrary, nothing but the first act of the great drama is closed.”
In the above quotation, Dr. Benjamin Rush is categorical that the on-going American Revolution should not be confused with the American war that ended long time ago. Dr. Rush maintains that the American Revolution is perpetual in all institutions of the American civil society. The end of the war simply sparked off undying wave for revolution that saw the formation of new government and promulgation of a new constitution. In his final remarks, Dr. Rush concludes that American Revolution, as driven by the tenets of democracy, is the fundamental factor in the advancement of American politics and social well-being.
In my view, Rush’s claim that American Revolution is on-going is justified because social transformation is manifest in the American civil societies since various forms of social changes come up to address social problems like poverty, gender imbalance, bad governance and racial segregation. Moreover, social reconstructions are continuously formulated in the American government policies. Gradual democratic advancement in the American society over the past decades is yet another strong indicator of the ongoing American Revolution in the political arena.
In the American society today, the number of social programs that aim at alleviating existing gender and racial disparities is rapidly increasing. Affirmative actions are also running to help the marginalized such as African Americans, the Mexicans, and Latinos clinch their rightful places in the American education system, national politics, health care facilities, employment opportunities and public offices. Racial discrimination is a thing of the past in America today.