British Politics

The Monarchy is a dignified part of the constitution because of the roles it plays. Without the monarchy in England, the present English administration could have buckled and cease to exist. The monarchy is an understandable government, which has reigned from Sixth February nineteen fifty two to date. The queen and her immediate family carry out a range of official, ceremonial, as well as emblematic responsibilities. As a legitimate monarch, the Queen is restricted to non-partisan tasks such as bequeathing tributes and appointing the Prime Minister. However, the crucial executive power over the administration of the United Kingdom is tranquil by and in the course of the monarch's royal privileges; these powers can just be used in accordance with the laws passed in Parliament and practice in the constriction of the convention as well as precedent. (Dahlgren& Sparks1993, p. 167).

“The British Constitution does not exist”. Comment on this sentence.

Generally, the British constitution is unique in the world. Unlike many other countries, the United Kingdom has no particular core legitimate article. In this intellect, it is said that, “The British Constitution does not exist,” but it is an un-codified one. A great deal of the British-constitution is contained in written articles, in statutes, court rulings, as well as treaties. In addition, the constitution has further unwritten basis, these include parliamentary constitutional rules plus royal privileges. From the time of the English Civil War, the foundation of the British constitution has been traditionally, the principle of parliamentary control. Since then, the statutes approved by the legislature are the United Kingdom's ultimate and final basis of law (Ferguson 2004, p. 132). On this ground, the Parliament is mandated to amend the constitution by passing fresh Acts of Parliament.

What are the limits of prime-ministerial power?

The prime minister has the mandate to form government upon his or her appointment by the monarchy.

Who governs? The PM or the Cabinet? The cabinet, the cabinet is entitled to declare war   or to make peace as per the constitution of United Kingdom.

 “Parliamentary sovereignty is a euphemism for executive dominance” Comment on this sentence. This implies that the parliament has powers to control the activities of the Executive.

In what ways, if any, has parliamentary sovereignty been challenged?

Parliamentary sovereignty was challenged by the judiciary in the year 2004, when the government sought to enact the Asylum along with Immigration bill. This bill had a dismissal clause. The government received a strong opposition from judges, lawyers and the Lord chief justice.

 “For all the influence they exert, backbench MPs might as well not turn up for work’. Is this a fair assessment of the role of an MP?

 No, it is an unfair role because the major function of the backbench since mid 2010 after the formation of a coalition government is shadowing the departmentals of the government. In addition, the opinions of his or her constituents will not be presented in the parliament.

What, if any, value-added does the House of Lords bring to British political practices? The House of Lords brings no value to British political practices.

In the United Kingdom, party discipline is not all that tight. “The Idea of Parliamentary democracy is excellent: but it is compromised by the stranglehold of disciplined political parties” Discuss.

The political system has to be twisted on its head. After, an observation,of nearly sixty years from the political gallery shows that the system has lost its path. The composition of dreams is controlled as the legislative counterparts of either the prime minister or opposition leader are obliged to hold whatever policies they come up with. Before any novel policy or policies are set up, these political influentials give a lot of strength to the political merits or demerits that might result upon implementation of such policies. There is excessive interest to a market study as well as devising the best spin for new policies, and not sufficient to the inherent merits or otherwise of novel policies. The strangle by the two main political parties, that is, Labor and the Liberals

requires to be disintegrated,  (Budge et al 2007, p.67 ). Several political parties and policy formulation, which will allow, for participation at the grass root level are needed.

Inflexible party disciplines together with television, have joined with a dream of transforming the prime minister a way from a party principal to an elected tyrant and celebrity. Compared to Australia, the United Kingdom’s party discipline is not all that tight. Once the prime minister has made his or her decision, the duty of the lower house is to rubber stamp. In the Labor party, there is a hold on one of the party rooms unlike the Liberal. During the Labor’s reign, Caucus has a theoretical mandate to scrutinize and even turning down legislation as was noted during the Whitlam administration, however, it is unusual in the present, Caucus too elects the ministry. As from the reign of Whitlam, Labor prime ministers have assured the voters that, they were going to be the decision makers on the ministry’s composition (Sartori 2010, p. 45). In reality, they work out in prier, who will lose or win, however, the prime minister can always persist finding his or her means if they intend to have  some members of parliament who are not in the factional lists in the ministry. The premier has the sole mandate of portfolio allocations of those selected by the assembly for the ministry. R. G. Menzies, in his parliamentary rules of the Liberal Party insisted that, only the leader had the sole responsibility in deciding whom to be in the ministry, and allocation of their portfolios. This enabled the Liberal prime minister mister Howard using this power in keeping dissenters in the party room out of his ministry as well as rewarding those who supported him without questions.

 “The UK no longer has a two-party system.”Comment on this sentence.

Apart from the two dominant parties, there are other political parties with representatives in the United Kingdom House of Commons. For instance, the Liberal Democrats had 58 House of Commons members after the 2007 election, while Scots National Party had 6 representatives.

Are the Liberal-Democrats the new kingmakers of British politics?

Yes, Liberal Democrats currently is picking up and has several political influences based on the roles they play in the House of Commons. They have powers of supporting constitutional and Electoral reforms, all taxation, human rights law, and cultural liberalism.

“New Labour is Thatcher’s greatest achievement.” Comment on this sentence.

Thatcher enabled the poorest in society a chance to buy homes and own shares.

Explain the electoral strategy developed by David Cameron to win the next general elections.

Mister David Cameroon used voting strategy to win the next elections. In November two thousand and one (2001), he voted in modification of legislation to allow for fingerprinting of detainees. This could allow the police to use fingerprints to search for birthmark identification and investigation of terrorist suspects. In March the following year (2002), he voted in favor of the hunting bill. Consequently, he voted to bar the bill, which was denying citizens from smoking in cafés and maintain the contentious section twenty eight clause. In the same year 2003, March, he voted in opposition to a motion that the decision on Iraq war was delayed. In June, he opposed NHS Foundation trust while voting in-favor of amending the text in anticipation of terrorism bill form. Mister Cameroon also encouraged the Conservative members of parliament to join him (Howe et al 2006, p. 189).

The United Kingdom is no longer a unitary state.” Comment on this sentence.

Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales currently have devolved national government. Every devolved government has different powers and mandates.

 “Devolution is a process, not an end in itself.” Comment on this sentence.

In the context of Whales situation, based on constitutional engineering first attempt, devolution has been distinctively described as a process not an end in itself. This refers to the incremental increase of additional areas of entrusted powers responding to the shifting needs of the country. This statement also puts forward a functional framework within which course to the establishment of the legislative body can be looked at, for the procedure of Walsh was a fluid and shifting one. Since the Walsh office was established in 1964 with the secretary of state in the cabinet, the concern of more accountable, devolved power of Walsh has been a recurrent political query. This office of Walsh was part of territorial declaration process within the United Kingdom and was a replica on the existing Whitehall ministers, (Budge& Newton2007, p. 79).

How do you account for the UK’s reluctance to support the European project?

UK mainly looks at EU as a trading block. UK says that other issues remain national sovereignty.

Has British politics become more feminized since 1997?

Yes, during the 1997 general election, one hundred and one Labour women were elected as members of parliament, of who sixty five were newly elected while thirty seven retained their seats.

Is British politics dominated by a “masculine” culture?

 Yes, masculinity has been used to a claim to power through diffusion of an educational ethic. So long as an individual could uphold gentleman nature, imperialism rule could be preserved.

In what ways has “spin” encouraged a speculative news culture in Britain?

Spin has been used to change political publicity nature and news administration. It has also been used to change profile and tone of political journalism in a changed media Economy. Lastly, it was used to change the nature of citizenship.

Does political coverage by the media enhance or threaten democratic politics in Britain? Political coverage by media enhances democratic politics. Media provide a public forum where both the government and private individuals are heard by the public. The media provides the public with the necessary information, these information makes the people take a knowledgeable choice during election. The media also guards and keep the public informed on any abuse of executive power. In addition, it also safeguards individual’s liberty. It forms a battling field for both the contenders to air their views to the public.This reduces favoritism and fosters democracy during a campaign and even at election. Consequently, the media enable citizens to participate in public debates thus promoting democracy (Dahlgren & Sparks 1993, p. 89). The media also exposes any imbalance that might arise in the country for the benefit of the citizens.

Who sets the political agenda: the media or politicians?

Political agenda is set by the politicians.

The British model of multiculturalism is under scrutiny. Why?

The British multiculturalism model is under scrutiny because it has failed. The current prime minister and a conservative party leader Mr. David Cameroon stated in his speech delivered this in 2011 that multiculturalism has failed.

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