A month before the bombing of the Pearl Harbor the U.S and Japan had a series of conversations, these conversations had various motives, and they were in form of documents. Japan sends a telegram to the U.S embassy Laing down their grievances, these led to meetings between the secretary of state and the Japanese ambassador (U.S. Department of State Publication, 1983a). The main point in the documents from the American point of view was to prevent unexpected Japanese military dealings in such areas as are not now involved in the Chinese theory operations. The U.S wanted the Japanese to adopt peaceful policies. This would happen only if they agreed to withdraw troops from china, Japan said it was weary of fighting china and it was doing its best (Ballantine, n.d.). Furthermore, the U.S also wanted Japan to consider the commercial policies that had been suggested, in this regard, the U.S wanted the Japanese to concentrate in producing goods and services that are needed in peaceful countries; this would get their minds out of war. Tripartite agreement was yet another issue the U.S wanted Japan to consider.
On the other hand, the main point of the document from Japan’s point of view was, tying to explain the reason of going into the axis camp, which they said, was the situation in Japans’ commercial policy. Japan explained the reason why they agreed to be part of the tripartite pact was to benefit from it since it felt isolated. The Japanese were interested in controlling influence in the Eastern Asia, which would not be done peacefully. They wanted to be allowed to control and dominate the pacific economically, socially, and politically just as it did in Eastern Asia (U.S. Department of State Publication, 1983b). This could not be allowed since they were involved in the tripartite pact, if the U.S agreed to signing the peace agreement with Japan, the other countries would lose confidence in it.
The Japanese defended the right to china because they wanted to continue dominating it entirely; economically, socially and politically this is the reason why it was reluctant to withdraw troops from the place. The Americans viewed China as a sovereign country which should not be dominated but have its own freedom. Therefore, the Japanese should offer China equality, territorial integrity as well as its sovereignty.
The U.S decided to communicate with Japan at this time because she wanted to avoid war between the two countries and to bring a settlement on a fair and peaceful foundation regarding the issue of the pacific. What the U.S wanted was peace and friendship in countries, she wanted to put the people back to work, and this could not be achieved through allowing armies to run countries. They should concentrate on maximum production and distribution of goods.
There was growing tension between the two countries each did not want competition, Japan said it only joined the tripartite alliance because it felt isolated, this shows tension. The U.S feared that if it entered into any agreement with Japan and with Hitler, it would threaten the confidence of her people (Ballantine, n.d.). The U.S feared that if Japan controlled half the world and Hitler the other half nothing would be left for her.
In conclusion, the U.S wanted peace as well as to protect her territories. On the other hand, Japan wanted more power to dominate other countries especially Eastern Asia. They both seemed to fear each other, since we can sense tension in the document. Both of them claim that what they really want is peace, which is not.