i. Reason for the Memo
As regards joint efforts between Cuba and Soviet Union’s military action against the US, I hereby bring to your attention the urgency of resolving this impulse. The matter should be treated with urgency because the war may take a nuclear dimension resulting in vast detrimental actions to all states involved.
America needs to reevaluate its diplomatic relations with Cuba because it doesn’t respect the very essence of diplomacy. The US should also do something to keep Fidel Castro’s government from disrespecting the right to individual property. The type of government in Cuba is slowly turning into a form of authoritarian leadership which wouldn’t be beneficial to neither Cuba nor America.
iii. What is Required
Trade blockade should be the first strategy we need to adopt to keep Cuba in check. To halt the intended attack on US soil, the US should initiate a monitoring program for all military weapons being shipped to Cuba. As a last resort, we shouldn’t hesitate to conduct an airstrike of all missile bases in Cuba.
TO: President Kennedy
FROM: Insert name
DATE: October, 1962
Reason for the Memo
Considering Cuban and Soviet Union’s planned actions against the US, I hereby bring to your attention the urgency of resolving this impulse. It is important that the US take action for this intended military invasion against the US, failure to which the ongoing cold war will take an ugly dimension of nuclear warfare because of the ensuing problem within the ranks in the Berlin blockade as one of the major methods used to confront the war (Kennedy, 2000).
Last month, Cuban and Soviet Union forces embarked on an attack mission targeted on US soil by establishing military bases in Cuba (Kraft, 2000). This was done with the intention of setting up ballistic missile attacks on the US. The range of weapons used was long range and missile ballistic weapons. The same actions had been carried out in UK through the use of Thor Intermediate Missile range ballistic weapons (Kennedy, 2000). The same has also been undertaken in Italy and Turkey thereby depicting Cuban and Soviet Union’s actions as subsequent attacks to those carried out in UK, Italy and Turkey (Kraft, 2000). The attacks had been carried out in 1958 and 1961. On October 14, we were able to confirm the existence of the military bases of the Soviet Union missile grounds in Cuba. We were also able to confirm this through photographic images captured through our photoreconnaissance aircraft (Kraft, 2000).
It is important that the US doesn’t sit back and watch Cuba make a mockery of its democracy. Considering the importance of American-Cuban relations, it is essential to stabilize Cuba by imposing trade sanctions to coerce it into adopting democratic systems of governance (Moreno, 1990). In the past, the US had strategic investments in Cuba especially in the Sugar industry. We owned more than 60% of the sugar industry in Cuba and imported an overwhelming 95% of their exports (Moreno, 1990).
During Batista’s rule, the US tremendously increased investments to Cuba almost two-fold (Moreno, 1990). The presence of American corporations in Cuba like the united fruit company is therefore overwhelming and we need to protect our interests from rebel activities witnessed in the recent past. For example, the 1959 coup by Fidel Castro was done in disregard to democracy and if the US recognizes such governments, we would lose our validity as a nation that upholds democracy. We need not only to protect our economic interests in the island but also save Cuba from itself. As a good neighbor, we have a good track record of helping Cuba achieve its goals (Moreno, 1990). This can be attested through President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s friendly policies with Cuba to help it curb rebel activities in the past. We however need to adopt a different approach other than military means but this doesn’t mean we eliminate the option of military force off the table.
Current trade restrictions imposed by Dwight D. Eisenhower are not enough to warrant Cuba to change its system of governance. We’ve noted trends from the Cuban government of nationalizing most of America’s corporations regardless of the fact that some are privately owned. The US should do something to keep Fidel Castro’s government from disrespecting the right to individual property. The type of government in Cuba is slowly turning into a form of authoritarian leadership which wouldn’t be beneficial to neither Cuba nor America (Sweig, 2009).
America should here hence forth cease all business operations with Cuba. The first step should be a halt in the purchase of Cuban sugar. Cuba being an agricultural country, Sugar exports is one of its main pillars of the economy and the US is one of its biggest trading partners (Moreno, 1990). A seizure in purchase of sugar from Cuba would be a wake up call to the Cuban government to change its governance style. The US being a strategic oil supplier to Cuba, its government is inclined to reevaluate its governance policies if US stops supplying the country with the precious commodity (Moreno, 1990). This would probably hit one of Cuba’s core pillars of the economy because oil drives most of its economic operations. However, this does not mean Cuba wouldn’t have other alternatives to obtain oil. South American countries like Venezuela are likely to supply them with oil but it is our responsibility to undertake diplomatic talks with such countries against assisting Cuba (Sweig, 2009).
Cuba has in the recent past cemented its relations with Soviet Union as a strategy to get back at the US because the minimal trade restrictions already imposed on the government has impacted negatively on the Cuban economy. It is therefore important for the US to seek the support of the Soviet Union in pursuit of eliminating elements of tyranny in Cuba. If Soviet Union is allowed to support Cuba, the US will be isolated in this cause. It is evident that the Soviet Union is already shipping machinery, food and iron to Cuba. Credit is also being extended to the Cuban government and this is only derailing the pursuit of America’s interest on the island. Soviet Union participation would therefore be useful in reinforcing America’s actions against Cuba (Garthoff, 1994).
America also needs to cut off all diplomatic relations with Cuba because it doesn’t respect the very essence of diplomacy. The recent expulsion and arrest of Edwin L. Sweet and William G. Friedman, our American representatives out of Cuba on the account of terrorism and smuggling of weapons is a clear attestation to this. The US therefore needs to withdraw most of its nationals from Cuba and restrict any foreign trips to the island (Moreno, 1990). We should further impose an embargo on all exports to Cuba and prevent US exports from reaching Cuba in any way. This involves liaising with Canada because it is a possible channel through which US exports could find its way into Cuba.
Fidel Castro’s government has also nationalized most or all of American corporations. American corporations such as Esso and Shell have been nationalized without proper regard to the rule of law. Telecommunication and transport companies previously owned by the US have also met the same fate. The US should therefore refrain from refining the crude oil Cuba imports from the Soviet Union. A refrain from refining Cuban oil will ensure Cuba incurs high expenses if it intends to refine its oil elsewhere. In addition, allowing vessels carrying Cuban goods shouldn’t be allowed to dock on US harbors. This action will majorly be a counter strategy to Castro’s blatant disrespect of American property in Cuba (Sweig, 2009). We should make an example of Cuba because nations cannot be governed through tyranny. This will also be a manifestation of America’s support for democracy and respect of the law (Moreno, 1990).
The Cuban population is already suffering from revolutions that are bound to negatively affect the general citizenry. The US cannot support such sort of revolts nor support corrupt governments like Fidel Castro’s. Moreover, Americans living in Cuba are also our primary responsibility and we cannot allow the negative effects of Castro’s revolt to affect them as well.
Children have also been forced to withdraw from their parents and coerced into communist revolutions (Sweig, 2009). Such are the kind of afflictions Castro’s government is inflicting on the Cuban population. The US cannot sit back and watch Castro turn every aspect of Cuban political, economic and social aspects into a mockery of human rights. It is therefore imperative that the US take action against this government and also assist in withdrawing such children from Cuba into America to avert such eventualities.
The Cuban government’s affiliation to Marxist policies is also incompatible to inter American policies and therefore Cuba needs to remain struck from the Organization of American States (OAS). In addition to banning all exports to Cuba, the US needs to take the next step in maintaining a full trade embargo against Cuba. This will entail using the (OAS) as an instrument. It will also supplement US’s efforts of failed attempts to eliminate Castro through failed invasions in Cuba. Imposing trade embargos is therefore the most attainable way the US can use to tame the Cuban government (Moreno, 1990).
To enforce the full trade embargo, the US needs to cut aid to any country which supports Cuba. We cannot allow any country to support the Cuban government at this point because of the current prevailing tensions between America and Cuba. This embargo should be implemented without discrimination because any assistance from a foreign country to Cuba would greatly derail US efforts in streamlining the Cuban government.
Considering real attempts by the Soviet Union in assisting Cuba to set up military bases for attacks on US soil, America should ensure a naval quarantine against Cuba. This should be done with the support of the OAS. As a last resort, the US should use its Guantanamo bay base to carry out airstrike attacks in Cuba. The US should attack industrial facilities in Cuba and tourist hotels (Moreno, 1990). However this measure should be a last resort if all other measures fail. To enforce and justify military attacks on Cuba, US intelligence systems should stage an attack on some of Florida’s cities and blame the attacks on Cuba. The US should also fabricate evidence linking Cuba to the failure of “operation Northwood” if it fails to materialize. The US should prepare evidence linking Cuba to electronically interfering with communication during the space launch (incase it fails).
What is Required
Trade blockade should be the first strategy we need to adopt to keep Cuba in check. I can’t overemphasize the need for diplomatic negotiations with the Soviet Union to help in adding pressure to Cuba. The success of this strategy would however depend on our diplomatic power with the Soviet Union (Garthoff, 1994). As a last resort, we shouldn’t hesitate to conduct an airstrike of all missile bases in Cuba. The level of investment America has made in Cuba is immense and we need to protect our interests.
Prohibition of all travel to the Island should therefore be prohibited by making it illegal. All commercial and financial transactions with Cuba should also be made illegal and any person or organization violating these rules should be prosecuted. The CIA should also renew all exile attacks on Cuban soil and freeze all assets owned by Cuba in the United States. To halt the intended attack on US soil, the US should initiate a monitoring program for all military weapons being shipped to Cuba. Incase any shipment from any other nation is detected to add to Cuba’s quest for military action against the US, such shipment should be redirected to their place of origin.
In due time, such quarantine should be applied to other cargo equipment of any nature. Justification should however be made such that, the intended US actions don’t seem to resemble the Berlin blockade of 1948 (Kennedy, 2000). In addition, all cargo that the American government pays for should be prohibited on all foreign flag ships that have originated from Cuban ports (Moreno, 1990).
While undertaking the military operation, we should carry out an operational plan through the army and marine first; later, the military operation would be supported by the navy followed by air force and naval strikes by air. The US army is however likely to experience logistic barriers through the fielding of asset and logistical assets therefore the air force and navy support should be flexible enough to provide air support to ground activities (Kennedy, 2000).
The maritime authority should also be petitioned to boycott all ships that are blacklisted by the US government because of their trade with Cuba. All these measures should however be transferred from the department of Commerce to the treasury department. This will be an effective measure because treasury opposes all relations with Cuba and will effectively carry out the embargo because of its control on American management employees. NATO should also be petitioned to seize all support to Cuba in both military and economic means (Moreno, 1990). These actions will see a streamline of Cuban government because America shouldn’t backtrack on its ability to uphold democracy in Cuba.