1. How American Application of Warfare in World War I is differed from that of the Civil War Era and how this change in application reflected in the military models.

The American application of warfare changed during the World War I as compared to the applications during the civil war. This change was greatly reflected in the change on tact and deployment of weapons. The World War I came with as advancement of technology. Therefore unlike the civil war, the U.S. was able to deploy and use new forms of weapons in aviation, navy and chemical warfare (Linn 19).  It is also during the World War I that the U.S. introduced widespread use of machine guns, artillery and lumbering armored tanks. These warfare applications were not very well developed during the civil war and as such were not used.

The change of application in the warfare has been reflected in the military models. For example, there has been a change from the application of the warfare weapons used during the civil war such as the smoothbore musket, firing lines and the artillery. Instead, the military model is presently complex (Robertson 159-160). It involves deployment of military aircrafts and planes, use of chemical warfare, nuclear weapons, naval warfare weapons and personnel and a generally more vibrant and skillfully trained military. The modern military model includes application of Stealth B-2 Spirit Bomber that is used in the modern military combats. This includes the application of the Dodge Army truck in the U.S. military models.

  1. Technologies used during the World War I, how they changed Warfare and the meaning of the Modernization of Warfare to the U.S. Military

The World War I came with the introduction of machine guns, modern artillery and airplanes to the battlefield. The use of railroad made supply of vast stationary armies possible. Bombers were also created and used against the enemy installations and submarine bases. This was even improved further with the creation of a four-engine bomber used in the attack of the industrial zones. Further, biggest artillery were developed. This was capable of firing up from 120 kilometers away (Robertson 161).

The new technological innovations and inventions in the World War I made the combat more effective. The machines and the ancient technology that was used during the World War I had very devastating effect as compared to the deployment of new applications during the World War I warfare confrontations (Linn 19).  The new machine guns could be used for longer duration unlike the initial ones that could overheat faster. With these new technological advancements, the U.S. military generally modernized its warfare. This was basically possible because of the application of the modern technology in the weapons and warfare.

  1. How the World War I and the America’s Transformation to a World Power brought about a major reconsideration of American Military Policies and Goals

The U.S. military policies have greatly changed as a result of its transformation. The country spends more in military operations than the period before the World War I. Besides, the U.S. policymakers have recognized the need to develop policies that will enable it to use its military, economic and political power to achieve its interests and values (Hammel 7).  The military policies have re-shaped to provide room for military negotiations with countries such as Europe and Japan. These efforts aim at enhancing the sustainability of military monopoly.

The Preparedness Movement was a campaign that was led by Leonard Wood aimed at strengthening the U.S. military after the World War I outbreak. This movement was very important in the sustainability of the military monopoly of the U.S. after the World War I since it was now the World Power. It involved recruitment of men with at least 19 years to the military to participate in military activities and defend the country (Hammel 2-3).

President Wilson wanted a draft army instead of volunteers because of the weight of the World War I. Hammel (7-8) cited that this needed more military personnel that are specially trained and committed to fight against the Germans that were at this time becoming a threat to the U.S  This could be attainable through draft recruitment. The draft was basically rejected because it was generally considered as a form of slavery. It meant compelling people to work for the state. This was considered an involuntary servitude. It was considered immoral to force somebody to fight, kill, and possibly die in the battle.

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