The article “Prosecutors in Egypt Call for Mubarak to Be Hanged” published in the New York Times on January 5, 2012 states that Egyptian prosecutors called for the hanging of Mubarak. The author of the article, David Kirkpatrick, says that the prosecutors’ sentiment concerning hanging of Mubarak was based on his involvement in the death of 840 Egyptian protestors in the year 2011. According to Kirkpatrick (2012), Egyptian rule authorizes death penalty for any individual found guilty of murder of another human being. The prosecutors in Mubarak case state that Mr. Mubarak was responsible for the mass killing of the protestors in the open gardens of Cairo and other Egyptian cities during the last year’s mass uprising. Given the fact that during the time of the killings, Mubarak was the president of Egypt, he ought to have known that his security forces were killing innocent civilians and take preventive action (Kirkpatrick, 2012). Based on this, the prosecutors argue that Mubarak should take legal and political responsibility for what happened. Mubarak was responsible for the mass murder of innocent civilians in Egypt during the recent mass uprising and should take legal and political responsibility of the crimes that he committed through hanging.
- Background: This part will look at the political and economic situation of Egypt during the 30 years of Mr. Mubarak rule. This will entail looking at the corruption level in the government as well as in the Egyptian economic sectors. This part will also look at the political and economic roles of the military in Egypt. The rationale of inclusion of this part in the essay is to provide background knowledge of the political and economic situation of Egypt during the 30 years of Mubarak rule in Egypt.
- Introduction: This part will briefly discuss the mass uprising experienced in Egypt in the year 2011. A discussion of some of the methods used by the protestors to air their views will also be discussed. This will include street rioting, peaceful street demonstrations, and picketing. This is to assess where the protestors used any violent means to air their grievance, which could have called for military action.
- The Uprising: This part will discuss the unfolding of events during the mass up-rise in Egypt in the year 2011. This will entail a detailed discussion of the alleged corruption and dictatorship issues, which characterized Mubarak’s rule in Egypt. This part will also examine how Mubarak responded to the uprising, before he agreed to step-down from power. This will help in understanding how he participated in the mass murder of innocent protestors. It will also help in understanding the level of Mubarak’s involvement with the military, which was involved in murder of civilians in open garden squares in various Egyptian cities.
- Rules Governing Prosecution of Individuals involved in Crimes against Humanity: This section will look at the rules that govern prosecution of individuals who are accused of committing crimes against humanity. Specific reference will be given to the previous precedents of related cases in the Arab countries, for example the Saddam Hussein’s case. In addition, this section will refer to the ICC’s (International Criminal Court) guiding principles for prosecution of individuals accused of committing crimes against humanity. These will provide evidence of the appropriate punishment for individuals accused for committing crimes against humanity.
- Conclusion: This part will express the opinion that Mubarak was involved in mass murder of innocent civilians, thus should pay for his crimes through hanging.