In 1829, Sir Robert Peel who was then the Home Secretary of England introduced to parliament an act geared towards improving the police force especially in and around the London metropolis. This act which came to be known as the Metropolitan Police established nine basic principles that have been directly connected to how policing is done in the world today. These nine principles have formed the current blueprint or model for institutions of law enforcement especially for America and Britain (Nazemi, 2009).
The first of the nine principles stated that the basic mission and purpose for which the police are in existence is for them to prevent crime and maintain order. This principle is still being applied in many if not all of police work in the world today. Many police institutions at present have crimes and law enforcement units or departments that specifically deal with crime prevention. Early crime prevention and law enforcement methods involved foot patrols and later horse patrols to curb such vices as burglaries and public disorder. Many of our law enforcement agencies still have patrolling police in many of our streets for example patrol officers in United States which was adopted majorly from British model and from Peel’s principles (Nazemi, 2009).
Sir Robert Peel’s first principle of crime prevention is also still applicable to police work today because it forms the major task of the police force. It is only fair to acknowledge that crimes are in existence and so are the emergences of new forms of crime in day to day life soliciting action from the police. Public unrests like one recently witnessed in England, robberies, kidnappings, vehicular theft and murders are all examples of crimes in any given country of whose police force have been entrusted to deal with and instill public trust and restore sense of safety. This principle is also still applicable today as it forms the basis for the rest of the other principles as well as a measure of success. The ninth principle states that the test for police efficiency is attributed to the absence of crime and disorder (Nazemi, 2009).