All over the world, almost all the countries are led by states. The governments of different countries are set up in states in the form of power and leadership. In the past, there was no existence of states. There were other leadership forms, like chiefdoms and kingdoms. However, the states came and filled the global politics, making all nations use states in leadership. However, over the past few years, there have been forces affecting states’ leadership. International organization act as powerful forces to affect the states’ politics, while devolution acts as underground force affecting the states. With these facts, the question remains if the states will run out of power and if so, which power will replace them.
To answer the above questions, it is extremely important to understand how different forces are affecting the states. It is worth noting that there are two forces affect the states in global politics. The first force is above the states, while the second force is below the states. The forces above states could be international organizations, while the forces below the states could be devolutions. These forces have different effects on states, due to their position of power in global politics. For this reason, it is better to understand how these forces affect the states separately.
How Forces Greater than States Affect the States (International Organizations)
In most cases, different nations create treaties that form international organizations with more powers, as compared to the states. As a result, these organizations have continually affected decisions made by different states. One of the ways they affect the states’ power is through the international humanitarian organizations (Gerring, 2011). When the state tries to discipline those people who are destroying the state, international organizations come in by criticizing the methods they are using to discipline these people. In this case, they belittle the states powers and put in place their own ones. This proves that states do not have the capability to manage their own affairs. When the people who are being governed by the states see this, they will start revolting, and definitely, the state will lose its powers.
Secondly, states have created their own judicial systems, where they can convict criminals who break the laws. In this case, the states create rules or laws to be followed by the people. However, certain international organizations have created their own laws to be followed by the states. For instance, if a person commits crimes against the humanity, the states are expected to forward them to these organizations to face justice (Gerring, 2011). This clearly undermines the powers of the states. In this case, a person may tend to wonder, whether the states are in control of their own nations or the international organizations.
Another way international organizations affect the power of states in global politics is through economical power (Gerring, 2011). Most states would like to be the most powerful economic powers in the world. In this case, they would do anything within their power for the purposes of achieving the economic power in global politics. However, international organizations have more powers than states. For this reason, they tend to manipulate states, so that they can control the states economically. In this case, they will step in states’ affairs, especially where there is potential. In this situation, they will be able to control all the world resources. For this reason, the states do not have powers of their own economy, due to the pressure they are given by upper forces.
It is worth noting that it is not always the international organizations affect the states negatively. In some case, international organizations strengthen the powers of the states. They do this by ensuring that the states are not attacked by forces that will lead to their breakdown. For instance, a country, like Kenya, was affected by post-election violence in 2007, where the state was almost falling down. However, due to the efforts of internal organizations, peace was restored in the nation, and the powers of the state were restored back again. This time, the state of Kenya is much stronger than before, because they are prepared to anything that might come into their way. For this reason, the international organizations can be credited to affect the state positively by restoring their powers and making them stronger than before (Gerring, 2011).
How Forces Below the States Affect the States (Devolution)
Among the different nations, states have created authorities that are below them. This is because states cannot be able to govern the nations on their own. In this case, the local authorities have been created. This is where the states delegate powers to the local authority, so that they can be able to govern the nations properly (Austin, 2003). In this case, this is referred to as devolution. The problem is what happens, if local authorities want more power than the states. This will affect the states negatively making them lose their power. This proves that devolutions affect the states negatively, when the local authorities need more power than the nations.
In most cases, governments build this for the purposes of spreading their powers and resources closer to the people. However, the main problem is that some smaller authorities depending with their size and states policies are smaller than the others are. In this case, they create inequality. When there is inequality, these authorities will tend to fight, so that they can get supremacy, as compared to the others. This will result in the authorities wanting to fight for the purposes of being a separate entity from the state (Austin, 2003). As a result, they end up breaking the state into smaller pieces. In this case, the state is no longer there but another form of power.
However, local authorities can affect the state positively by responding to laws laid down by the central government. If the authorities work together, they can make the state be stronger than when it is running itself. This is because the state will be able to reach down to its people easily and respond to each of their needs swiftly (Austin, 2003). In this case, it shows that the central government or states have much power over its people, than when it is working along to control its people.
If States Fall, Which Authority will Lead the Nations?
If the two forces continue to affect the states, states will succumb leaving room for other authorities to lead the nations in the global political arena. In this case, international organizations might become the overall leaders of the nation. Since they have more powers than the state, they might tend to control the nation, where they see the state is not running the affairs correctly. On the other hand, if devolution affects the states negatively leading to a break, small anarchies, chiefdoms or kingdoms will be formed. In this case, the face of global politics will change leading states to loose powers, creating a new era of different authorities in nations.
In the global arena, nations are ruled by different states authorities. These states are affected by two main forces. The first force is above the states, while the second force is below the states. These forces can affect the state negatively or positively. If they affect the state positively, it will have more powers in the political arena. On the other hand, if they affect the states negatively, states will fall down and new authorities will be created. These authorities might be the international organizations or the chiefdoms arising from devolution.