This paper investigates literature that is available of terrorist methods, practices and protocols. It explains the main advent of terrorism, its motives as well as the development in some years. According to the available literature, terrorism implies the excessive use of force aimed at keeping population or a group of people succumbing to any religious or political manipulation. In the world today, terrorism is the closest relationship that the United States faces with the many sections of the Muslim community. Although the word has been used by the French to describe a state of fear, the United Nations Organization gave to it a completely new meaning in 2004. it defined terrorism as an act directed at civilians or non-combatants with the sole purpose of intimidating them into the social abstinence. Currently, it forms the basis for a cold relationship between the United States and the Muslim community. The United States, as a major international terroristic target, has witnessed various kinds of weapons used against it during some terroristic attacks. This paper takes a look at these terroristic methods, practices and protocols.
Terroristic Methods, Practices and Protocols
The paper tells of:
- The origin and motivation of terrorism
- The types of terrorism and terroristic methods
- The future of terrorism
The Origin and Motivation of Terrorism
Terrorism was initiated by Jewish extremists in the beginning of the first century. After a strong military rebellion started by Zealotry, a section of Jews formed an extremist group used to unleash terror for the Jewish collaborators. For example, the Sadducees, priests as well as the majority of the wealthy elite opted to collaborate with the Roman rule. However, the extremists felt betrayed and vowed to use any means possible to ensure that the forces of collaboration had been unwanted. It was at this point that an idea of using the excess force came to the implementation.
Later on in the history, terrorism was used to refer to the infamous “reign of terror” marking most parts of the French Revolution. However, the ruthlessness with which revolutionists were handling humanity caused a major split in the ideology. While some of them wanted the people to be prosecuted, other sections emphasized that somebody had been deemed as innocent and should have been free. The popular incident happened in 1858 when the assassination had been done aimed at the French Emperor Napoleon III. The bomb had been intended to kill the emperor and instead it killed and injured more than 142 innocent witnesses. This incident invoked a sense of importance in the plotters of this attack, with some of them claiming the credit and referring to themselves as “terrorists”. From that moment on, terror has been a commonplace in the regional and international politics. In fact, the concept of terrorism clearly appeared in the story written by the fictional novelist Nechayev published in the 1880s. Another German writer, Johann, stated in his book that he had been in fact distributing some pieces of advice he had accumulated from terrorists.
The primary motivation of terroristic attacks is to attract the media’s attention. Terrorists understand that mass media will have to report concerning why the innocent civilians have been attacked during such terroristic actions. In the process, the media will also reveal some issues that have caused the unbecoming behavior. Essentially, it is an attempt to manipulate and exploit the media’s responsibility to gain the public attention. Currently, the internet forms a very rich channel through which terrorists can spread their chilling messages to people. This has led to the situation where supporters and opponents of terrorism are struggling for the control over internet. For example, the United Nations has lately come up with a counter-strategy resource that has had the potential root of terrorism.
Media blackout is a strategy encouraged to finish terrorist attacks. This essentially means denying any terroristic groups from the media’s attention, which they expect for any attacks. However, it has been found to be counter-productive, especially when terror groups carry out the more disgusting acts so that the media can at least show to the public. It is the common knowledge that terror groups have no tint of humanity and would not stop at the media blackout in carrying out their activities. When the media finally reports of these acts to the public, the groups rush into claiming the responsibility for attacks because it is the only gain they get for killing innocent souls.
The Types of Terrorism and Terroristic Methods
Terroristic methods include the use of bombings, kidnappings as well as bioterrorism. It can take various forms based on perpetrators and the targeted population. For example, many terroristic attacks are meant to cause a civil disorder so that the peaceful community can descend into anarchy and lawlessness. Political terrorism has also become popular with its main purpose to instill fear into some sections of the society. Thus, it may effectively prevent them from participating in any electoral process. This kind of terrorism is usually done via suicide bombings, especially targeting at the strategic places of interest. The main intention is to keep people in fear of further attacks and, therefore, to scare them from participating in the normal social duties. For example, when terror attacks target some church buildings or political rallies, an idea is to prevent people from going to these places. Therefore, this portrays some alternative groupings as more popular and superior.
Terrorism could also be sponsored by the state as a part of oppressive rule meant to pursue the particular political objective. This usually takes a form of kidnapping and bioterrorism. For example, the dictatorial regimes may find it appropriate to kidnap any persons standing up to voice the opposition to the regime. This method has proved to be productive as it scares potential dissents from actively participating in opposing to politics. In the Middle East, political radicals are kept behind bars either to intimidate their followers or simply to paralyze their political operations. It can also be referred to as quasi terrorism because the crude weapons are not used in the process. According to the literature available, individuals are seized and held hostage by terroristic groups as they are processing with some demands. The most popular demand is the release of their co-participants from prison as a requirement.
Assassinations also mark an important aspect of terrorism. They usually assassinate the government leaders as this is a possible way of collapsing the other strong governments. Indeed, fear makes it hard to decisively deal with terrorism. For example, once the community has been attacked, it succumbs into fear and does not make any serious efforts aimed at mitigating the future attacks. However, when they occur repeatedly, people become accustomed to them and get prepared appropriately to deal with future terroristic actions. Assassinations are common during the politically driven terrorism. They completely destroy political careers of assassins and take them away from the political stage. It is something that has been perfected by both terrorists as well as counter-terrorists. For example, when the United States targeted at Osama Bin Laden, it was essentially meant to effectively destroy the Al Qaeda networks in the whole world. Although this cannot be described as the assassination, but it has given the same message that assassinations had meant.
The Future Terroristic Methods
Terrorism is not about to end any time soon and will only become more dangerous as the more sophisticated weapons of use. While terrorists have used suicide bombs for their targets, bioterrorism appears to be more lethal. The targets will only realize being targeted but this may be too late. According to the available literature, biological or chemical agents are let into the atmosphere without any control measures regarding the human survival. For example, in 1995, the poisonous gas was used to indiscriminately kill innocent civilians in Tokyo. The similar technology was used in the United States in 2001. These were the anthrax-laced mails being innocently sent to victims. Without suspecting the content, the victims opened these letters, thereby exposing themselves to dangerous bacterial spores. It is highly anticipated for the terrorism to take this direction. However, the targeted countries are quickly developing some counter-strategies to mitigate the effects of bombs or grenades. One may not be certain which countries will become the future terrorists’ targets after the United States. However, it is clear that a very advanced technology will be needed to deal with these terroristic attacks in future.
In conclusion, terrorism is a crime committed to force the population into a state of fear. It is the reason why terrorists do whatever they can to attract the media attention, including the publicly claiming responsibility for their terrorist attacks. The methods, practices and protocols revolve around bomb blasts, assassinations, kidnappings as well as the use of biotechnology. These methods are set to get more sophisticated in some time as terrorism has become a commonplace in the world today.