The Ideologies of the Shii Revolution


Ali Shariati who wanted Islamic ideologies included in politics propagated the Shii Revolution in Iran in the late 20th Century.  Ali Shariati was aimed at ensuring that Islam is respected in the political circles and its ideologies reinforced by politicians. Therefore, he made Islam a recognizable religious force among most youths and middleclass women. The Revolution was emphasized that Islam must be treated as a political party instead of being treated as a mere culture. Ali Shariati referred to Islam as Abraham’s ideology. It was based on dictatorial ideas as opposed to democratic ideas in society. The ideas emanating from the Revolution received immense criticism from all corners of the globe hence rendering the inapplicable to the post- Cold War world.

This essay explicates the ideologies of the Shii Revolution and supports the fact that they are incompatible to the post-Cold War world.

The Revolution was founded on an autocratic form of leadership. It did not provide for the clear channels of the transition of leaders in society. In addition, the Revolution was based on the fact that Islam should be respected by all individuals in Iran as a political party and not a culture. This renders the idea incompatible to the post-Cold War world that requires smooth transitions in the political system through defined democracy. Democracy is the only ideology that can fulfill the interests of citizens at heart and ensure that there is stability in any particular part of the globe. The governance of citizens with the use of a firmer hand is not admissible in the post-Cold War world rendering the idea incompatible.

The idea that the justice system be based on Prophet Mohammad’s principles is also unrealistic in the 21st century world. The post-Cold War world is based on reality rather than illusions. The world requires a world where the justice system dictates principles that can be effectively applied in any particular setting and society. The dismissal of the warrior intellectuals from the justice systems did not mean well to the downtrodden in society because of the elimination of the key clauses that favor them. This meant that the system would not effectively protect the rights of the lowly in society because of the lack of the warrior intellectuals. Its emphasis on Mohammad’s principles complicates the entire system hence not compatible to the current world. This would lead to further oppression of the masses in Iran and the downtrodden would have no voice in society.

Furthermore, the ideologies relating to culture and society are not compatible to the post-Cold War world. The ideologies of the Revolution were to force religion upon individuals and not to recognize all the cultures existing in society. The Shii Revolution was based upon alienating individuals from other individuals based on their culture and religious backgrounds. It agitated for the elimination of the Western culture with its Christianity rules. This is incompatible to the post-Cold war period where all individuals are supposed to be accommodated in society regardless of their religious backgrounds. For instance, the assertion that the West has polluted the world with its ideas is not compatible to the 21st Century world that has bodies like the United Nations to maintain peace.

The elimination of warrior intellectuals was also not the best ideology for the revolutionists. The elimination of such individuals was a way of denying the lowly in society the right to defend themselves in courts in cases of oppression. This means that the rights of individuals would be violated without the interference of any particular body hence aggravating sufferings in society. The elimination of warrior intellectuals meant that the entire society could fail due to lack of order and the required level of the organization to deal with different issues.

In conclusion, the Shii Revolution occurred in the late 20th Century. Most of its ideas would not be applicable to the modern world because of their large deviation from the acceptable codes of conduct. They would lead to dictatorship in Iran, infringement on the rights and freedoms of individual, and collapse of the state hence incompatible in the post-Cold War world.

Order now

Related essays