The New Republic emerged after the revolution in the 19th century. This led to the New Republic acquiring of a new constitution that, had new laws and order and; thus, ‘The New Republic. The new republic was evident due to total revolution in almost all sectors starting from politics and industrial matters. This new republic also represents the post revolutionary republic due to its emergence after the American Revolution. Many sectors experienced a change with the coming of the new republic. These changes represented reforms. For instance, there was the formation of new political parties, which brought about a wave of democracy. Movements also arose for campaigning for different issues in the republic. However, some problems were imminent within the republic, but the top most was racism.
This paper provides background information regarding the developments and reforms in the new republic.
Democracy in the New Republic
Initially, the old constitution did not allow free formation of political parties until the enactment of the new constitution. Later on, the first political party was formed by the Federalist and was known as the Federalist Party. The Federalist Party enjoyed support, but its fall came after the death of Hamilton. As a result, the Federal party lost its roots and hence, emergence of the Republican Party led by Jefferson and James Madison. The main objective of the Republican Party was to oppose Hamilton’s policies in America. This represented a new form of democracy in the New Republic as checks and balances were assured because of party competition for people’s support (Horsman, 173).
Women participation in political matters commenced also with the New Republic. This was a positive sign of democracy in America. American women were now allowed to take part in political issues under an organization that was known as ‘Republican Motherhood’. Initially, there were stiff laws against women. Notably, they were considered ‘domestic workers’ who were to sit at home and take care of the children (Horsman, 182). Furthermore, some quarters advanced that women should not get an education, as it makes them give birth to weak children.
Problems that existed in the developing nation
Slavery was among the serious problems experienced in the old America. Slaves were captured from African countries, to work on the Americans’ farm, and as domestic workers. The slaves were mistreated through working under harsh environments. At around 1800, many political leaders were convinced that slavery was evil. Thus, calls for the end of slavery commenced, which led to the formation of ‘anti-slave’ movements. Consequently, the slaves in America were to be taken back to their home countries as most of them hailed from African nations.
Secondly, racism represents another crucial issue in the New Republic. The Whites were favored over the blacks who did not originate from America. As the Whites enjoyed a healthy lifestyle, the blacks were mostly domestic workers. It was rare to get a black having a white-collar job. It was believed blacks were masculine and; thus, had to work in farms and other heavy manual work. Apart from the work place, racism was also experienced at political issues. For instance, a black could not vie for a political seat at any level in the US (Croly, 74).
Major problems between 1800 and 1850
Firstly, gender inequality was a prominent issue at around 1800, in America. Black women suffered the most in this discrimination due to slavery. Research asserts that most women decided to kill their children to emancipate them from the hard life of persecution. White women also suffered this, as they could not be allowed to vote in the general elections, until 1870’s. Owning of property by women was prohibited unless given permission by their husbands. Although the white women started getting away with this, the blacks were still mistreated and raped under their white masters. Gender inequality was alleviated after a white woman advanced for equality through filing of a case.
Secondly, war and corruption was another notable problem experienced in the New Republic under the leadership of Hamilton. Between 1812 and 1814, America experienced a serious war with the Great Britain. The federal government led by Hamilton had been accused of stealing millions of acres of land from their Louisiana Purchase (Norgren and Nanda, 111). This pushed the Great Britain to engage in war with them. The war left adverse effects in America, for instance, most American citizens lost their lives and others were displaced from their homes. In addition, slavery was also highly experienced in this period.
How reforms movement affected slavery
Before the emergence of the New Republic, Americans considered slavery as a significant issue in their country. Blacks capture from Africa formed the slave population, although some comprised of Native Americans captured as slaves by the Whites. The slaves worked under harsh climatic conditions as the Whites dictated. Notably, they did manual work, which included working on farms belonging to the Whites. As this issue of slavery developed and became a crucial issue, there emerged a group of intellectuals know as ‘The Transcendentalists’ who protested against the slavery issue. The Transcendentalists criticized slavery as they considered it inhumane, evil, and lack of human dignity. They organized various forums that enabled them address the issue.
How politics and growth of the country affected slavery
By 1800, the America got a constitution, which advocated for new laws, for instance, end of slavery. There was the emergence of political parties whose leaders were against the slave trade and used the parties as channels to condemn the inhumane trade. The growth of the nations experienced a rise of various anti-slave groups that criticized slavery (Croly, 162).
As the country grew, religion also experienced growth and this positively affected the slavery issue. The Protestants believed that this was evil and called for the abolishment of the inhumane act. They widely preached against it in their churches because their religion directly perceived the practice as human torture not allowable before God. There was also need of a substantial relationship between the masters and the slaves according to some political leaders (Horsman, 213). It is believed the acquisition of the new constitution played a vital role in ending slavery. Basing on what the constitution called for, slavery was abolished starting from some free states, which had already banned it.
In conclusion, the New Republic brought a lot of change in the United States of America. At first, there was the emergence of the new constitution, which changed various things. Uprising of political parties also brought a tremendous change in political wave. A prominent political change was noted in 1800. There was a democratic milestone as women were allowed to participate in voting, and new political parties and movements were established. Corruption, war, and gender inequality ranked top of the problems faced by the New Republic. However, these were resolved with the enactment of the new constitution that advocated for equality. Racism also affected the New Republic as the Whites were favored than those of the Black race. Thus, the blacks were used for manual labor. Religion contributed to end of racism and slavery. Arguably, the success of the New Republic can be attributed to the progress made democratically and the development of religion, which served to eliminate some ills within the republic.