Immigration has continued to attract the attention of policy makers especially in host countries. On the margin of the immigration is the popular view that immigration presents social and economic burden to the countries that host immigrants. This paper addresses the reasons why immigration is an ethical dilemma and offers some of the solutions to this problem.
Immigration has many implications to the host countries and the world a large both economically and socially (Borjas, 1994). For example, its impacts on social structure can cause changes in the cultural and social practices of the host. According to (Berry, 2008), immigration means the settling of an individual or a group of people in a new country. It involves intermingling of people and therefore calls for institutional and social changes.
The problem of immigration can be solved by addressing of the conditions that are causing people to migrate. This may be preferable to other solutions like the formation of policies that scuttle the rights of immigrants or even that of building better policies to cater for the rights of the immigrants like it is done in many countries which may in turn lead to influx of immigrants (Coppel, Dumont & Visco, 2001).
However, it is notable that immigration also has its positivity. It is understood to help in integrating humanity across the world and therefore building one unified people. If this is the case, then positive immigration should be encouraged to allow people from different cultures to mingle and exchange their cultures.
The main assumptions to the problem of immigration is that immigrants only come to enjoy the resources of the host country while they have nothing important to offer to these countries. However, the reality is that immigrants have been instrumental in the development of some of these host countries. For instance, Card (2001) argues that the American nation can be said to have been built by immigrants.
Morally, nations should borrow from the utilitarianism and avoid brushing it away in totality but regulate it to ensure that it benefits the majority who are the natives. Addressing such dilemma will thus require the formulation of appropriate policies at the governmental levels (Berry, 2001).
In conclusion, solving the problem of immigration would make the world a free place to live at; and people will be moving to new areas, not because they are running away from persecution but rather; as a way of cultural integration.