Essentially, the economic power of a given country or system of power is determined by its influence and power within a given region. The issues affecting the economy include inflation, unemployment, economic growth as well as fiscal and monetary policies. Poor governance has lead to serious wars and insecurity is some nations especially in the African continent. Research suggests that considerable portions of these wars are widely aimed at gaining control of economic power of region or country. Most contemporary wars translate to boundary conflicts, which often lead to regional or global ramifications. Upon close analysis, these conflicts highly affect countries’ development by stifling the country’s remote development efforts. There is a very close nexus between development and security, and the international community, which aims at fostering peace and security considers this very important. In fact, the management of internal conflicts underlines this importance. Such conflicts are due to poor governance and are prone in nations or countries with poor socioeconomic status, bad politics, and multifaceted environmental as well security. These conditions make them to be prone to conflict, which is widely precipitated by low development levels. These phenomena are common if Africa and Arabian countries.
In some countries, the conflict sometime appears to be self-reinforcing as long lasting political governments are founded. This displays the protracted conflicts to dynamic and therefore requires post conflicts assistance and strategies based on accurate analysis. In Africa, the Somalia’s case can well illustrated the change in armed conflict, governance and criminality, which has led to a collapsed state (Menkhaus, 2004, p. 34). The conflict in Somalia has left the country with very poor systems of communication, governance as well as cooperation. The poor state of infrastructures in Somalia has made it almost impossible to assist her helpless citizens from the oppression of the militiamen. Generally, Somalia is a country that is very poor and underdeveloped. The evolution anarchy of Somalia is closely related to underdevelopment, which has pushed the youth into resorting to violence to meet their needs (Stan, 2004, p. 56).
The new wars like that being witnessed in Somalia can be stopped by strengthening the country’s state institutions, enhancing the capacity of security provision as well as developing good governance and conflict management principles. In addition, a credible, efficient and accountable security will ensure a safe and secure environment, which will strengthen development in all aspects of life. This will guarantee the security and a predictable legal environment, which is supported by the appropriate cultural rule of law. However, the programs undertaken by the international community to help curb such wars do not clearly support good governance, effective rule of law and security reforms (Stan, 2004, p. 77). Traditionally, conflict related risks have been minimized by program working around conflict or shifting to humanitarian assistance from development assistance. However, the development actors should seek to further development by acknowledging the relationship between the conflict and development. Recently, the security and development actors have been working on various strategies in conflict-ridden countries like Somali. The only problems that might hinder the achievements of the intended goals of long-term prosperity and sustainable peace are their integral and historic approach the problems of these countries.
Programs addressing deteriorating economies and social circumstance, growing instability, as well as the conflict resolution strategies should be initiated to help reduce the emergence and perpetuation of such wars. Finally, the peacemakers should involve external forces like mediators, negotiators and arbitrators to enhance the conflict resolution strategies. All these efforts should achieve a comprehensive socio-economic, political and economic revival in the warring nations.