The U.S. Constitution Part One, the Establishment of a New Central Government

Popular sovereignty is a prime basis of a government’s power, more so executive and legislative power. The power counts on the will of the people in a government. It is a concept which is fundamental to any group of citizens who claim to thrive under self governance. In argument, it is believe that all individuals are responsible enough to organize their own government (Patterson 33). The United State’s government is built on 3 prime concepts namely, popular sovereignty, the rule of law and tolerance. Thomas E. Patterson’s publication released in 2002, offers understandings into the 3 conceptions initiated by the fore fathers. Although the concepts have been in existence for centuries, they have developed over time.

According to popular sovereignty principle, government institutions are designed to protect the rights of the people. They seek to protect the people from cupreous acts of the rich and powerful in the society. In turn, the people must agree to obey and thrive under the institution laws. Revisionists’ historians have criticized that, in ancient times, popular sovereignty almost led to constitutional failure. Their hypothesis under this criticism was that the founding fathers were not able to eradicate slavery in the nation (Patterson 33). This is despite thriving under the popular sovereignty concept. However, over the years, the U.S. government has issued the portion of people, such as slaves, full citizenship rights in support of the popular sovereignty concept. This is a phenomenon progress in this concept of governance.

The second concept has also had its share of developments over the years. The rule of law is manifested in form of a written constitution. The drafted constitution manifests that the authority given to a government, comes from the people. It forms a system of justice upon which all citizens of a government are ruled upon. All the laws are written in a constitution so as to outline legal and unlawful behaviors. All the judicial power in the U.S. is vested on the Supreme Court. It is the highest court in the U.S. and controls the functions of other inferior courts. Amendment of the constitution must be approved by the Supreme Court. The rule of law has been modified over the years through constitution amendments. For example, the Supreme Court under the amended constitution can remove the president or vice president from office in the event of treason, bribery, and other crimes (Patterson 30). However, their crimes must be determined by the Senate as well as the House of Representatives.

The American society for centuries has upheld the tolerance concept. This means they seek to mind their own business and at the same time, respect the liberty of other nations. This does not necessarily mean that they are in acceptance of the behaviors performed by other nations. However, they seek to use their economic as well as social powers to generate a beneficial relation with other nations. The U.S. government respects the liberty of other nations without compromising its own liberty. There have been chances in American society over the years. Tolerance laws in U.S. today have raised controversies by the media concerning gay marriages. For example, the Massachusetts court issued a ban against gay marriage associations in the state in year 2006. This goes against tolerance policies since the government did not identified a constitutionally sufficient reason to issue the ban.

In conclusion, popular sovereignty, rule of law, and tolerance are still prevalent in the American society system of governance. The U.S. government, through the supreme courts, has tried to base its governance on the 3 concepts created by the founding fathers. Immense developments have been made on the concepts over time targeted to promote the human rights of all citizens. Modifying the concepts has enhanced the awareness of constitutional laws to the public. This makes it possible for citizens to know their powers on governance offered to them via legal institutions.   

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