Government according to Thomas is produced by the people’s wickedness and it affects our happiness negatively through restraining our vices and it creates distinctions because it is known to be a punisher. According to him, government is a required evil because when everyone suffers or is exposed to similar miseries by the government. The government is a badge representing the lost innocence where the palaces of the kings are wholly built on the remains of the bowers of paradise. The rise and origin of any government is where there is the mode that is rendered very necessary by the lack of moral virtue needed to govern the whole world. This government also comes to an end where there is security and freedom and from this we can conclude that he views government as the state where there is neither freedom nor security (Thomas, 3).
Thomas draws his idea of government from a well known principle of nature which states that the simpler a thing is, the less liable it is to be disordered and also the easier it is to be repaired when it is disordered. The constitution of England was only noble for the slavish and the dark times. This constitution is complex such that when a nation suffers it may remain unknown for years where the fault lies and therefore every political analyst will have their own medicine for a problem that may have arisen.
There are hereditary attributes in the constitution of England which are independent of the people in that state and they contribute nothing to the freedom of the state. These include the idea that the remains of the monarchial tyranny are left in the person named as the king and the fact that the remains of the aristocratic all tyranny is always in the people of the peers. The third fact determines the freedom of England and this is the new republican materials that are in the people referred to as the commons. The three do not operate together and the idea that the constitution is a union of some three powers which check each other is wrong and misplaced. The commons do not check the king and this presupposes that the king is not to be trusted without being followed and that the thirst for absolute power is a disease for the monarchy at large and also that the commons are thought to be more worthy of full confidence or wiser than the crown (Thomas 11).
The constitution which governs the country is contradictory because this constitution gives commons the power to keep checking the king through the withholding of supplies and thereafter gives the king all power to keep checking the commons through empowering the king to reject the bills for the commons. The constitution also supposes that the king is much wiser than the commons whom it had already presupposed to be wiser than him. This is just full of contradictions.
The constitution of England outlines the composition of a monarchy but this is viewed by so many writers, Thomas inclusive because it first of all excludes the king from all means of communication and then goes ahead to empower him to perform in all the cases where the greatest judgment is needed. The king is completely shut from the rest of the world but is still expected to understand the whole world thoroughly. This is contradictory. The house is divided among itself because the king is one component whereas the people are another component. The peers are in the house and support the king whereas the commons are in support of the people (Thomas 16).
Thomas Paine explains that the provisions that are given are unequal to the task and this explains that the means cannot justify the end. One part of the constitution has greater weight than the other and this makes the constitution to be one-sided. This heavy side governs and the other side is clogged and their phrases and endeavors are ineffectual. The crown is an overbearing part of this English constitution and it derives its entire consequence is that it is only a giver of pension places and this is self-evident. The crown is always in possession of the key though they were swift enough to be against the absolute monarchy. The will of the king is equivalent to the law of Britain and in France. The kings are just subtle though he hands over to the people through the most formidable form of an act of parliament. He terms the constitution as a rotten one which needs to be looked into (Thomas 23).
Mankind was made to be equal though this equality is destroyed by some defined circumstances and these include the distinction by either poor or rich and this will only lead to oppression of the poor by the so called rich people. There is also the distinction by either being king or a subject. This type of distinction has no religious or natural reason. In the early days there was no such distinction and no wonder there were no wars. The many recent wars have been brought about by the pride of kings which allow the human race to be thrown into some unnecessary confusion. The exaltation of one man high above is not justifiable by the equal rights of nature and so it cannot be defended by the scriptures because the scripture disapproves the ruling by kings. Thomas reflects that a monarchial government was ranked and is still ranked as one of the sins that the Jews had according to the scripture and therefore he is totally against monarchial government (Thomas 26).
Thomas Paine also refers to the era of monarchy as an evil and also the hereditary succession. Monarchy is viewed as a lessening and a degradation of the human people. The hereditary succession is claimed to be a matter of right which insults and also as an imposition of posterity. This he has explained by ascertaining that all men are born equal and no one by birth should be given the right to start his family in all perpetual preference high above all others. This child will grow deserving some degree of honors that are decent because of his contemporaries and the other people and is descendants inclusive are unworthy to inherit these favors. This is a natural prove that the hereditary right of kings is folly because nature disapproves of it (Thomas 29).
Secondly, no man possesses public honors than had been bestowed upon him because the people giving the honors have no power to offer the posterity right. He refers to the hereditary monarchy as an unwise, unnatural, unjust compact which might put the citizens or the commons under the governance of a fool or a rogue in the preceding successions. Most people submit to the hereditary ruling out of fear, and others from superstition and this leads to the ruling to be hard to be eliminated. The part that is powerful shares with the king of heredity the plunder of the others.
According to Thomas, the Great Britain did not protect other nations because they were attached but because of their own interest and protected the other nations on her own account against her enemies. The Britain should wave her immense pretensions to the whole continent and also the continent should throw off their dependence on Britain. This authority of Britain over the whole continent is an example of a form of government that should be eliminated because it is just a temporary condition which does not guarantee posterity. The continuation of this form of government will render the next generation into debts. This is because it is not in the powers given to Britain to bring justice into the continent because its business is soon becoming too intricate and weighty to be managed with any tolerable degree of possible convenience (Thomas 31).
Britain is not manifesting any signs of inclination to a compromise and therefore the continent must work towards their own freedom. After such a long time, the continent should now be aware that there will be no terms that will be obtained from Britain which could are worthy the acceptance of the continent at large or worse even that could be equal to the treasure and blood expense that the continent has been through. Thomas believes that the continent should have pride, resentment or even pride to espouse the doctrine of independence and separation. He is positively, conscientiously and clearly persuaded that this is what the continent should aim at and anything short of this is just patchwork (Thomas 33).
This is partly because the powers of the governing are still under a king and this will have some negative effects on the whole legislation of the entire continent. The king is shown by Thomas as an inveterate enemy to the overall liberty and there should be a real thirst for arbitrary power. In the short run, the king is able to acquire what he wants and requires by violence and force while in the long run he is able to acquire and accomplish his goals by subtlety and craft. To him ruin and reconciliation are almost related. Independence is the only continental form of government that can bring peace and also preserve the peace that the continent requires. The British barbarity has ruined thousands of people and this may continue if independence is not attained.