Abortion refers to the deliberate execution of a pregnancy, ensuing in the demise of the fetus or embryo. Abortion is the most discussed topic all over the world with most people engaging in the practice. It is a risky thing to conduct abortion, though people tend to give a deaf ear to the consequences. There is much controversy over the issue of abortion as sometimes, it becomes right to do it. This happens in a case where the mother’s health is at risk. However, most cases of abortion done in the world are intended by the individuals. This controversy grew into wider scopes especially in the United States of America in 1973. The Supreme Court gave a ruling, which was broad enough to give women a chance to choose if or not to stop her pregnancy. According to the Supreme Court, abortion ought to be a private matter that concerns the women’s body, hence should not be exposed to public (Potts et al, 2003). Nonetheless, the feminist organizations were against the decision, since they claim that the fetus has no right and should be protected.

Controversies

The anti-abortion view of abortion states that the practice is committing murder and yet the Bible has warned us against killing. However, a great percentage of the women who commit abortion do not admit that they are murderers. Instead, those who abort their unborn children claim that one should not give birth to an infant you cannot afford to bring up. This notion also raises several questions as to why one should get pregnant if they know that they would not afford to raise a child. There are also claims that abortion equates to child abuse. Mistreating a child in the real life is quite evident among several individuals, which is the same as killing the unborn child. Another controversy yet arises as to whether the women who get raped should keep the pregnancies or abort. This is a tricky situation among the women, especially in the modern world, where some men are psychopaths. The trauma of being raped is hard to cope with let alone the thought of maintain the outcome of rape. Raped women may also decide to conduct abortion, since by keeping the pregnancy, the infant would remind them of their past. The other consideration is that the child would carry the bad genes from the rapist and women would not want to raise a rapist in the society (Potts et al, 2003).

The other controversy that surrounds abortion is the fact that the mother may know that the unborn child will be born sick hence may avoid using many resources on the child by conducting abortion. This alludes to the fact that the world’s economy has deteriorated over years and the rearing child is equally expensive. Other people who have abortions argue that the age is also a determinant. For instance, a 17yr old girl may get pregnant and conduct an abortion, since she might still be in school and wants to continue with her education. The 17yr old might also have no funds to bring up the child and the only option left is to conduct an abortion. The decision to abort is sometimes given by the parents who are concerned about their child’s welfare and future in her career life.

Abortion was considered as a method of family planning as well as population control in the ancient times. This gave rise to a lot of questions since the practice was seen to be put several women at risk. There are several methods of family planning apart from abortion, so it was drawn out of the equation. Abortion is also opposed to the legal law that emphasizes on giving life and not destroying it. This is an oath that is also taken by all the medical practitioners to safe life. The reason why some people promote abortion is the argument that they try to avoid the subject of child desertion. Life begins at conception, a fact that many people deny so as to support their inclinations of abortion as a good thing. The life of the unborn child lies with the mother, who may in turn keep it or destroy it. There are several kids that have survived the ordeal, while others have been born with some complications arising from the effects of drugs taken to abort them. This makes the life of the innocent child complicated due to the mother’s selfish desires to avoid raising a child. The biggest dilemma with abortion at the present is the facts public use to back up their individual personal attitude on the subject. Some Christian anti-abortionists may perhaps assert that God has chosen to love all populace, whether they are in the form of a developing fetus or a mature human. Conversely, if this reality was taken into perspective with its definite writing, this might not be accurate at all. Consequently, people could entwine details, declarations, and data to ensemble their own argument. Hence, it is not entirely feasible or prudent to believe the lot affirmed when debating the issue of abortion (Trapp et al, 2005).

Problems arising from abortion

There are several challenges that arise from abortion. There are temporary risks as well as long-standing risks linked to abortion. The damage could be mild or fatal according to the way one uses to abort. Currently, there are many hospitals and medical practioners who carry out abortion. Nevertheless, one has to be cautious as one can simply get the fake individuals who claim to conduct abortion although not knowledgeable (Trapp et al, 2005). The normal infection that may occur to many women who conduct abortion is the reproductive organs infection. This includes the fallopian tubes as well as the ovaries, which result to the pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The illness is hard to deal with and often results to sterility though promptly treated. On the other hand, some women experience persistent twinge for the rest of their existence due to pelvic inflammatory disease. The disease also leads to complications when having sex, which is a major problem, especially to the married couples.

Perforation of the uterus is also another problem that arises from abortion. This occurs during suction when the abortionist operates blindly, either by sense or feel. The abortionist may use the surgical instrument effortlessly or powerfully perforating the woman’s uterus and even the bladder. This is a common case which leads to several deaths and amputated suffering in future. When the bladder is destroyed, urine comes out uncontrollably, a very disturbing condition especially in public. The abortionist may also fail to extract all the products of conception, which causes severe bleeding as well as cramping. This occurs especially if the limbs or the skull is left in the womb when carrying out the abortion. Some women may not be assured of the competence of the abortionists and yet risk their lives without much consideration. When severe bleeding and cramping occurs, it becomes necessary to remove the womb, which means that one would not give birth in future. This becomes a traumatic experience to the individual, who lives with several regrets in life (Potts et al, 2003).

Embolism is also a problem that results from abortion. This is the obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance such as fat, tissue or even a blood clot (CIBA Foundation Symposium,). Child birth is a normal process and the body is usually set for it however, surgical abortion is an abnormal process. The surgical abortion   slices the unripe placenta from the wall of the uterus, yet the roots have already grown. Therefore, the blood clots as well as the fluid around the fetus are imparted into the mother’s circulation. This is a dangerous condition since the blood clots travel to her lungs and cause occasional demise to the mother. Hemorrhage or excessive bleeding also occurs after an abortion, which results to an immediate blood transfusion after the exercise.

Ethical arguments on abortion

There are many assertions and viewpoints on abortion ranging from the religious views as well as the legal views. All the religions have adopted a strong position on abortion that it is wrong. Religion affirms that the people involved in abortion are emotionally and spiritually affected, seeking advice from the churches as well as comfort. They also go for cleansing and atonement as a remedy to the guilty feelings of terminating a life (Greenberg, 2001). This has made diverse religions to initiate several teachings against abortion since they believe it is a matter of life and death. The inclination that life is a gift from the Almighty asserts the need for the church to be against the practice.

The law is also a major consideration when it comes to abortion. There is much legality being debated concerning the legal status of the fetus. Abortion should be illegal since the fetus has a life hence, murder. The ethics also argue that when a woman consents to sex and does not use contraception, she already knows the end results. Therefore, the woman has an ethical as well as a legal right to protect the fetus and not terminate it. This obligation ought to limit the issue of abortion. It is also not ethical to force a woman to conduct abortion. This is against the human right of expression and freedom. Some parents force their daughters to abort since they feel that the pregnancy is a threat their life. The claim that the consequence is personal and that only the individual ought to be concerned about it presumes (Greenberg, 2001).

Pregnancy can only take place with the partaking of a man who is equally accountable for the survival of the fetus as the woman is. It is ethical for women to give fathers a declaration about the pregnancy and its maintenance. If men have an ethical responsibility to sustain an infant after birth, they also have an ethical assertion on whether the fetus is born or not.  Superlatively, fathers would be conferred with, though not all relationship is perfect. More so, men do not run the similar bodily risks as a pregnant woman. There are both political and religious dimensions to ethical debates over abortion. Conceivably, the most important mistake which people create is to baffle the two. People think that a verdict on the religious frontage should dictate a fastidious resolution on the political front and vice-versa. So long as individuals recognize the survival of a worldly sphere where spiritual leaders have no influence and spiritual principles cannot work. People should also recognize that general law may be at probability with spiritual viewpoints. Abortion is a complicated matter no one advances to flippantly or makes a conclusion about it easily. Abortion also touches upon a momentous number of important, essential ethical questions. These ethical questions include the people’s personality, the nature of human rights, human affairs, personal sovereignty, and the degree of state ability over individual resolution. All of this implies that it is extremely imperative that individuals take abortion critically as a principled issue. It should be adequate to recognize the various mechanisms and argue them with as little discrimination as possible (Potts et al, 2003).

The relevant ethical issues concerning abortion are that it should only be approved when the mother is at jeopardy of death. For instance, this happens in the cases of ectopic pregnancy where the fetus has to be removed, otherwise the mother would die. The UK made abortion legal in 1967 if only the life of the mother if the mother’s mental health was at risk and also if the unborn baby would be born with abnormalities. The utilitarian perspective on abortion gives the mother the right to abort or not if the general outcome is suitable for many people as possible. This is the teleological approach to ethics, which is followed by some people on regards to abortion.

Conclusion

In my own perspective, abortion is only allowed to save the mother from death in a case that cannot be avoided. The other people who are not in any risk of dying ought to keep their pregnancies. This would help save the life of several fetuses that are innocently killed. The whole process of carrying out an abortion is also traumatizing, hence, one should not engage herself in such practices. The modern world may be sophisticated enough to support such cases as abortion but on the other hand, one should by all means avoid getting pregnant if possible. For the rape cases, I think it is safe and wise to avoid abortion since one might risk death while undergoing the process. The issues of abortion still remain a controversy with all people having their own perspectives about it. It is the responsibility of each woman to be careful and think before taking any action about abortion if necessary.

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