Application of Social Justice Working Definitions, Theories and Methods

Social injustices, such are racism, sexism, heterosexism and classism are prevalent in America, because their effects on both education and the political process, especially in elections, is often experienced. As a serious ongoing issue that needs to be solved, racism in education’s resolution is not that hard. The problem needs more attention and awareness given by governments, schools and families collaboratively so they all would figure out what they are doing wrong and what needs to be done to eliminate this unacceptable behavior.

Focusing on the social injustices, for example, the past blackface monument of the nineteenth century gave out a bad picture of blacks as being naive, ignorant and superstitious. In those early ages, none of the black people were being considered in decision making. For example, the play, “Shingle” depicts ignorance by taking overcoat when told to turn down the radio. This kind of perception is what one drives from his view, of one of the characters in the play. This kind of perception does not match truly behavior one picks from a text. The implication is that, the view that one cannot conceptualize what he has been ordered to do sound so immature (Sabo, 1995). It also shows that the inconsistency in the conversation leads to the realization that the hearing cannot depict a person's level of dedication to his or her.

The issue of lack of strong cultural belief about a group, associates itself with the non-explanation of the group norms. In this case, primitively and servile nature of the blacks can be shown how much this group can be expressed as a way of their failure. Anti-black forces do feature prominently in the play. As long as groups of people still emerge and remain distinct, then stereotype continues. In some cases, blacks are seen as lazy, poor and very violent characters. For the purpose of the play “Little Ham”, the Afro-Americans come out prominently as small entrepreneurial groups in different sectors of the economy. These people are involved in a business like the shoe shinning where the young people ones. These groups may remain focused and emerge as companies and doing business in a priority, especially among the youth.

Politics and cultural development are different in their meaning. In the fundamental nature, improvement in income enhances affairs of state, and that one had some effects on the other. Furthermore, reviewing the assertion the African America had difficulty in realizing these cultural values is more expressive than hypothetical, and that the cultural values results in moral growth. Women who possess high ethical standards conform to a more particular cultural class. Moreover, development comes as a result both cultural and communal innovation and positive thinking. Notably, through research and practice, innovation and, especially revolving around community may result into greater heights of improvement, and can be realized with the participation of women either African or American. The consideration of culture as a way of thinking results in organizing work in any community setup.

There are numeral phases in the identification of cultural process; it is well-known that each process takes place in stages of an individual’s life. Cultural affiliation therefore begins at birth, and continues until death. Near the beginning stages of childhood, most important cultural values take place, and this occurs more often than not, within a family. Secondary culture occurs at some late stage in the days of a person’s development, during which the person’s ability to conceptualize the socio-cultural values have been developed. This normally takes place after school years (Hall, 2008). It is in these years that good cultural values occurred in the family unit are reinforced and brought. Tertiary cultural ties occur mainly within the older generation (Marvin, 2005). It is perceived as an ongoing progression because communities are in a constant encounter with relatively new social situations and realities.

It is believed that the stability of a culturally diverse class result in a rise in cultural maturity since the safety of the operations are certain. Other than the development of businesses, there are definite ways in which different communities can be brought together (Crawford, 2004). In this view of cultural affiliation, some behavior and mode of thinking increases or reduce cultural compatibility. This improvement it can be revealed; and that the development of the passion may undergo formal education to improve the development of an individual or the community.

There are convincing ways that influence people’s cultural attitudes. The family for that reason becomes the core driving force of cultural values. In many regions, the main cultural affinity is the community, and the primary bond that outlines between a person and his community, can view as the foremost and powerful part of the cultural valuation process. Communities can blend their offspring in many diverse ways intentionally and not by design. Community systems in some cases have their own civilization's laws that direct each member staying in that particular area.

Blacks nurtured in the white American community had their genuine traditional African cultures portrayed humorously in the differential in different plays. During the slave trade era, African-Americans met and interacted with people from different cultural, social, cultural and economic background. Even though they were never given the freedom to publicly express their views on various matters, they were revolutionized by the time slavery ended. In the ancient times the, African culture upheld certain values and were never compromised. To start with, issues of sexuality were never discussed publicly with people of any age group; in fact, issues like homosexuality never existed at all. Secondly, the tradition allowed men to marry as many wives as they could provide for without any opposition. Thirdly, Africans had their gods who were worshipped and consulted in times of need, for example when the rains failed, when people fell sick. People used to go to under special, rocks, riverbanks where there they offered sacrifices to appease the gods. They never believed that their god could live in a building called the church. Indeed, this trend has continued even to date where black Americans have formed traditional churches that are accommodating to their wishes and aspirations (Milton, 1993). A majority, however, changed after slave trade due to influence from other people from the rest of the world. The result was an emergence of a new African-American class of people who abandoned their mother culture. Other African-Americans may nonetheless have kept their traditional culture post slave trade, even after being assimilated into other races (Stuart, 2006). The African-American women had not economically transformed at all but had gained the freedom of choice. The women now had the right to choose their sexual partners.

Furthermore, matters regarding divorce were very rare in with African-Americans. Even if they could not marry during the slavery period they had it at the back of their minds that when a man and a woman separate it was not easy for them to unify their marriage again. This fact is clearly evident in women who abandoned their husbands for other men which used not to be an African culture. The woman tries out her luck with another man and when the new marriage fails she turns back to her former husband .He also refuses to take her back because he may have considered that as infidelity or because the tradition did not allow women to have more than one man. The woman therefore, pleads with her husband but all her pleas fall to the deaf ear. Here a woman to-be, sings her misery blues after allowing herself to be deceived by a man who had promised to marry and support her the traditional way. She washes his clothes and socks, cocks and does all the domestic work. She had put her hopes on the fact that by being a good domestic wife she would have a peaceful and happy marriage. The non-appreciative husband  to- be, on the other hand, abandons his responsibilities of protecting her from hard labor and worse still runs away before their marriage. This indicates that the culture of African-Americans dictated that every woman had to be married to a man and such a man had the obligation of ensuring that his wife is well taken care of (Rogers, 2005). Any woman who got an irresponsible man felt so let down and miserable.

Humor has also been used to show African-American women had initially been denied the chance of having a good time. While their husbands drank and with other women, married ladies were expected to always remain faithful to their husband. They were equally prohibited from asking their men where they had slept the previous night, particularly when they failed to show up at home. This is as highlighted in the play called Barrel House Blues by Ma Rainey who creates a scene for women’s desire for alcohol and good times. In this irony, the child sings that while the father likes his sherry the mother likes her port, and that while the father likes her outside women the mother likes her men outside. This is humorous because brands of progressive women have been created Hurst, 2007) these are women who could dare their husbands and engage in extramarital affairs, they also gave themselves the freedom to drink alcohol. All of which were treated like taboos by the African-Americans previously.

They are therefore not wholly submissive to their male spouses. These women are fighting hard, for the motive that they do not want to lose their teeth, break bones after beatings and seek sexual favors anymore (Hill, 2003).  The culture of physical abuse and domestic violence against black American women is indicated in these plays as being on the verge of closure, just after the end of the slave trade.

In the Memphis, Willie, B song titled Bad Girl Blues, this writer explores how changing times have led to acceptance of un-natural sexual orientations, in this play his lyrics fails to morally condemn lesbianism. Women having other women as their sexual partners were never part of black American women tradition.

Culturally, black American women formed movements which were not supposed to rival their male counterparts. Such groupings formed to express and seek ideas from other activists against the mistreatment that these women were receiving from the husbands (Patricia, 1994). The women sought solace in one another concerning their bad experiences like rape, battery and abuse of human rights. However, much later these associations were turned into cultural parties and their members vied for national leadership positions. These have been brought out in the blue to show that the women were not supposed to challenge their husbands but were to give support to whatever decisions, which had been made on their behalf. In all, the plays have succeeded in portraying both conservative and reformist African-American people.

Those who reformed after the slave trade may have been due to educational and better economic status that opened up opportunities for them. However, those who have retained their conservative nature may have done so for prestige feeling that their culture always remains superior to other cultures after interacting with people from other races. Other black Americans may have done so for the fact that their traditional cultures were strict and helped them have control in whatever life situations they undergo.

Fundamentally, the play is an exaggerated, comedic way, many of the cultural realities of African – American urban life in the early twentieth century. In a real sense, the Afro-Americans are seen as those of low economic status, and are merely associated with chores such as shoe cleaning. An observation made in the play is depicting the status the African immigrants were placed in American state. Notably, African-American students had very delicate and broken involvement with their colleagues in colleges, thereby limiting their learning activities. There was a lack of cooperation among the white and black students. The black students were treated as stupid, ignorant and that they could not cope with the learning standards in the white’s schools. However, this notion did not reflect the reality as the African students were also able to compete favorably with their fellow white colleagues. In addition, there was a cultural difference linked to this discrimination. American students saw their culture as superior compared to those of their African college mates, and that the latter did not conform to the society norms (Richardson, 2004).

Apart from education, the role played by an African American woman in the casual cost-cutting measure undermined the community notion of a woman as merely mothers. Furthermore, the rise of the female sector of the casual economy among the African American women was due to the freeze in the job market, especially after the First World War. Conspicuously, there were African women who became prostitutes while others did not want to take a risk, preferring to do some day works which they saw as safe. The women’s attempts for day jobs were futile due to the hierarchy of decent work for women, as were spelled by the community norms (Hall, 2008).

The presence of mere informal business, in the play, denotes clearly the notion that legal businesses in the areas occupied by the Africans in the American Community. There were strict regulations that concern businesses in  America. In this regard, social locations of race, class, sex and sexual orientation alliances, through reconstruction of the United States of America is necessary to end social injustices that exist in the country. For example, such alliances and reconstruction would ensure that the Congress had power to formulate the policy aimed at uniting  Americans. It would also lead to the amendment of the constitution to allow all citizens to vote, regardless of their race, previous servitude and skin color (Hall, 2008). As a result, more African-Americans would be elected as senators to the U.S Congress. 

In conclusion, the U.S would strengthen its adopted permanent campaign strategy to minimize the effects of social injustices in the country. Permanent campaign can be regarded as both a history and concept. This concept outlines crucial changes that have taken place in the U.S political history. Such changes in American politics evolved from old patronage/party organizations to a modern polling that is driven by computer technology. This implies that media facilitated the creation of a new system in American politics. Technological and media developments have helped in understanding the significance of the permanent change today in the Obama years. To this end, political consultants made use of advance technology and media models to offer better ideas on politics/campaign. The technology and media tools enabled the political consultants to replace party bosses. As a result, new technological modes of campaigning were put in place.

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