I. Male and female Gender
Gender refers to a social construction of male and female identity denoting more than just biological differences between men and women. It includes the way these differences have been valued by society and used to classify men and women by assigning roles and expectations to them. In many cultures and countries worldwide, men and women are by no means equal, because their roles are clearly demarcated in that, each gender has certain unique attributes which cannot be duplicated.
II. The Female and male in the first and Second world war
According to Spielvogel (46), during the pre-war period, the primary role of a woman was at home where she served a supporting role to the husband who was the breadwinner. However, this changed with the outbreak of the First World War. During the period of the First and the Second World War, with men busy fighting, women were forced to take up new roles as breadwinners. ( Durant& Ariel 32). This period marked a dramatic change in the perception of social roles at that time. With their entry in the workplace women began to question their positions in society. A female gender status results into many changes in life, ranging from a change in social behavior, relationship patterns, and engagement in the political, economic, and cultural aspects (Dennis 87) Unlike men who are deemed as aggressive and strong, society tends to define women as weak and sensitive people who attach emotional feelings in about everything that they do.
III. The role of Man
As strange as it may sound, male dominance and family roles have not changed much in today’s society. The sex and gender relations influenced the responsibilities played by individuals in the society. The Sex fundamentally determined work roles and men regularly undertook the heavy labor of clearing land to prepare it for cultivation. In the period of planting and harvesting, both men and women participated. In addition, women tended to domestic chores that the primary role of child rearing. So in early civilizations, men monopolized public authority. Women were greatly honoured as sources of life. On rare occasions did women make their ways to higher positions of power? Women merchants traded at markets and participated actively in local and long-distance trade in Africa. At times the women engaged in combat and organized military units.
IV. The society expectation of the female gender
According to Fine (43), the society expects the women to be responsive and submissive to the men. Since it is every woman’s desire to be admired, the men expect them to be smartly dressed and maintain pleasant odor by wearing feminine cologne so that they remain attractive. With the female gender, men are expected to handle them in a brittle, smooth, tender and caring way. They are supposed to be more understanding and considerate because women have a multiplicity of roles and love to associate with good listeners.
Women are expected to provide a feminine presence to the household by being a nurturer to the young children. They are also expected to wake up early in the morning to perform house chores i.e. keeping the house clean, washing of utensils and cooking of meals. They ensure that children are well taken care of, ensuring that the laundry of the family and the general appearance of the house are well taken care off. The responsibilities expected of a woman are particularly beneficial in ensuring that there is harmony and peaceful coexistence lie with them.
Generally, the female gender is inclined to have more opportunities in home based employment thereby justifying the traditional roles performed (MacKendrick, Paul Lachlan, & William, 48).
In the early civilization, extended families and clans were the main foundation of the social and economic organization in small-scale agricultural societies. The communities had the right to land and used resources in common. In these societies, the males were heads of families mutually governed the village and planned work in their own groups (Grenville, 36). The men allocated parts of communal lands to their relatives and other families to cultivate and were held responsible for the distribution of resources equitably between all members of their groups. So in early civilization, villagers functioned in society first as a member of a clan or family.
V. Male and Female Performance
Female and male traditional orientation and biological differences are associated with influencing performance patterns of females and males. The role of the two sexes (female and male) in the development of economies of all countries cannot be underestimated even early civilization. There have been risks related to the aspect of uneven playground between male and females. There exists a connection between societal orientation and biological differences to performance.
Many questions have always been posed regarding the different abilities inherent in the female and male sexes. It is often assumed that the male sex enjoys a form of superiority over the female sex. It was alleged in the year 2005 by the Harvard president, Larry Summers that men are born better individuals in math than the female counterparts. Following this claim a research was conducted regarding the math potential between the two sexes. It was established that the female population was at the same level with their male counterparts.
Studies have indicated that there indeed exists a disparity between the sexes in math performance. While focusing on the real talent, those that score from 95 onwards, there emerges a sex gap. The closing gap between performances is attributable to societal underpinnings. The continued tendencies to liberalization indicate that impediments that undermine top performance from the girl child are reducing.
Gender roles can influence performance (Sax, 27). It is thus postulated that due to role differences in the current environment may favor one sex ahead of the other. It is this early orientation that cements the society ideals thus denying the young people the chance to perform all the subjects in an even manner. It is further alleged that the sexes will go ahead to seek to achieve what they believe they can.
Sociologists underscore the importance of the subconscious mind in education (Grossman & Grossman 32). They believe that it is the subconscious mind that informs the mind on almost all issues. In this respect, if the society gets the young people to believe that in the disparities of sex, then it will definitely affect the way the achievement of the aims are carried out. Neurologists believe that the different sexes do not use the same chemicals found in their brains. The average female is thought to be using the left hemisphere part of the brain in most instances. In the same vein, the hemisphere is the responsible part for writing, speaking, and reading. The frontal lobe is in charge of speech, emotion, and thought (Sandelands, 32). If indeed this is the case, then it must hold true for all girls irrespective of their ages. It is thus argued that females are in a better position to handle questions that are open ended. This implies that girls are better placed to deal with arts as opposed to math or sciences. It thus offers girls leverage in one areas, arts, while denying the in other areas, science and math.
Some studies have suggested that females hear well than males (Grossman & Grossman 32). In this regard, males in a classroom should take front seats. This will allow them to hear and process information in a faster way so as to remain at the same level with the girls. Girls are also believed to be in possession of a higher level of oestrogen in the brain. This reduces their levels of aggression. They thus create a calmer atmosphere in class. Males are seen to be the exact parallel of the females in this aspect. The emerging agreement is premised on the realization that females receive and process information in different ways as compared to males. It is thus bound to happen that they will argue in different ways.
One notable issue is based on the orientation process. Having realized that in every percentile of performance, females hold a place, it can be hypothesized that ladies hold a brain that has the same capacity as the males (Zinn et al 58). Perceptions of traditional orientation associated with performance become real when taken in reference to the way the different sexes approach subject choice in school. 65 percent of males were found to hold the idea that there was even distribution of library resources. A good percentage of males were also satisfied with their courses as compared to females.
There is a common agreement that discrepancies exist in between the male and female sexes that translate to the roles they play. The differences are as a result of a number of issues. The societal orientation is found to be the overriding cause of the disparities of tasks by the two sexes. The other cause could be premised on the fact that the two sexes are different in relation to biological considerations. It is realized that society, by makes people believe that some issues are done by certain sexes is the major underpinning of the differences. This is due to the fact that one grows and develops into an adult having in mind what is expected of them. The power of the mind is then believed to constrain the range of alternatives available for such individuals. It is thus concluded that societal orientation holds sway in reference to task performance between the two sexes.