Feminism is a phenomenon that dates back in the late 16th and early 17 century across the world though the word has been used in contemporary modern society. In 16th century BC, A Greek feminist Sappho was recognized for his literature and poetry on lesbianism. During the 17th century accompanied by Age of Reason, some men thinkers incidentally altered their regard towards women which was not well received by women of how they were regarded, treated and considered by men. Many scholars in the 17th century like Voltaire, Diderot and Newton analyzed women as natural phenomenon as opposed to what is morally accepted and divinely ordained since they were inclined to science and the world as the only channel to explain the world. This view and perspective did not receive a warm and friendly reception from women. Due to the vital role that women participated during the French Revolution in 1789, they demanded for equal treatment and rights recognition just like those of men in political, economical and socio-cultural set up (Angela 1).
However, despite their efforts in the revolution, they were not recognized as it deserved regardless of their efforts to form political clubs, parties and associations to champion their rights. In America, black women were highly undermined but they joined hands with other movements and evangelism associations in the late 18th century to champion for their rights which were a great success. Despite women forming the great congregation in both white and black churches, they were not supposed to preach or administer any other function that involved men in the church. However some women defiled these order and went ahead to preach in churches and participate in other major public gatherings like former slave Jarena Lee. During the industrial revolution, there were many unmarried women who moved from their homes to work in industries for relatively low wages (Hue-Tam 56).
It was not long before the entrenchment of female education and training for middle working class of women and consequently demanded higher occupations and salaries. The women empowerment in the industries witnessed increased active participation of women in industrial actions. In African and Asian continent, women were involved in movements, clubs and associations to call for an end of both colonial and traditional oppressions in their respective continent. In china, women took an active role in the Taiping Rebellion which took place in 1850-1864 where they presented tough demand for communal ownership of properties, equal treatment and right accordance to both men and women and strictly called for an end of the foot bidding rebellion and treatment (Elisabeth 78).
Troubles feminists faced in China
Women in china have been under constant pressure and their efforts to liberate have been futile. They are considered as not equal to men and their rights have never been considered to equal those of men. For instance, in China traditional, Rani came back home after a successful delivery holding her new born baby with her mother in law, instead of men who were in the house welcome and assist them, they all moved out leaving them the woman and the mother in law who decided to mashed dangerous chemical seeds (oleander) mixing it with oil and forcing it down the throat of the infant. The infant immediately died and Rani crept when darkness entered and buried her daughter in the field near the stream. She described her actions as justified since she was so bitter and regretted wishing if gods would have blessed her with a son rather than a daughter. This clearly demonstrates how lowly women are regarded and viewed in Chinese society inclusive of women against themselves. This trend witnesses hundreds of female babies murdered by their mothers in their few weeks after birth with a hope that the next pregnancy will be a son (Laurie 1).
This is justified with prepositions that, murdering a daughter is better than condemning her to poverty, sickness, drudgery and cradle to grave discrimination that faces women in China. Therefore, Chinese women are considered less humans since the culture has dreads births associated with females and idolized births associated with males. Therefore, this discriminatory culture has subjected women to the cruelest living conditions on the face of the earth. Lack of support and cooperation from men counterparts is a major challenge that feminists face in China. In addition, there is open rebellion and hindrances from men who view feminist’s actions and efforts as a silent coup aimed at propelling women to power both politically and socio – economic (Christina 27).
The issue of feminism in China has over the year’s undergone major transformation and a serious debate taken place especially after the Mao regime. It is regarded that Mao was not only a Feminist but also a womanizer and women never exercised their rights and freedoms like other citizens (men). However after World War II, women liberation efforts have been handsomely rewarded since they have enjoyed equal rights like their male counterparts. Major and influential positions both in political and economic fronts have been occupied by women a phenomenon that was strange in past years. The view that was held in past years regarding women as sex objects is long gone and commercial sex has also been abolished (Yuxin 32).
Raging debate on commercial sex have been there in China for decades but its finally yielding some positive consequences and women status on the same issue has been upgraded. Ownership rights have been approved for women to possess and exercise just like what men do in China therefore the efforts to liberate women by feminist clubs, societies and organizations have over the recent years fruitful. Women in China have now experienced freedom to exercise their civil liberties and rights just like any other Chinese citizen including occupying any position in political, economic and socio-cultural settings on meritocracy grounds (Amy 78).