Gender inequality is a term used to describe the partial treatment of one gender in favor of another. This problem is evident across all societies in the world. The most affected group is the female gender. The lack of opportunities and motivation has led to the female gender to lag behind the male gender in almost all aspects of life. The disparities in the education levels and average income, social oppression, and a generally low quality of life exhibit the outcome of gender inequality in any society. Gender inequality can be sorted into several distinct categories. In these categories, the female gender is the primary subject of discrimination in various aspects. The three categories of gender inequality are professional gender inequality, social gender inequality and sexual gender inequality.
Professional Gender Inequality
The professional gender inequality is one of the most evident categories of gender inequality. It is more difficult for women to advance in any professional field compared to their male counterparts. Employment systems that undermine the ability of women to perform equally to men in the execution of professional duties facilitate this occurrence. The system of employers considers the male gender easier to handle than the female gender. This is because of the global traditional myths and superstitions that exist about women. In this regard, a member of the female gender may attain a certain professional status, but find it difficult to advance her career (Mezey 75). The limited access to educational and training facilities for the female gender is one of the causes of this disparity. Moreover, discrimination may result from the notion that women cannot handle positions of authority with as much effectiveness as their male counterparts. In the political arena, it is more difficult for female leaders to obtain the people’s support unlike the male politicians since most people do not want to entrust a female leader with an important position of power (Connell 255). Furthermore, the belief that the woman’s natural duty in the society is that of the family caregiver is a considerable impediment to women’s professional advancement. The fact that the woman is the child bearer and the initial guardian of a newborn infant, a role that many people consider the primary objective of the female gender, enhances this perception.
Social Gender Inequality
The social inequality of gender is another prominent characteristic of gender imbalance. In the social field, women are considered subordinate to men. In all races and ethnic classes that exist around the world, the head of the basic family unit is the male who in most cases is the father of the children and the husband to the mother of the children. This male figure is often the final authority that sanctions all decisions within the family setup. It is a common practice in some communities that the male figure should not consult the female counterpart in making important decisions (Okin 27). Consequently, the contribution of the female gender to the welfare of the society is ignored. Many societies consider the male child to be better than the female child. Most parents prefer siring a male child to a female. After birth, they will give more attention to male child’s the growth and development. In many countries, particularly the developing states, the education for the female gender is comparatively poor unlike for the male gender. This affects the esteem of the female child and denies her the opportunity to prosper. In addition, the figures of authority in most societies are of the male gender. The low regard for the female gender exposes them to several evils such as domestic violence and victimization (Sainsbury 73). Cases of assault often go unreported due to the stigma associated with the assaults and the deep-rooted ignorance among the members of the female gender. In addition, the lack of clearly defined laws that protect women against physical abuse contributes to the propagation of abusive practices (Gaag 45).
Sexual Gender Inequality
Sexual inequality is another universal form of gender inequality. Although both genders play the same roles in sexual matters, there is a tendency to regard the female gender as a sexual object. Members of the male gender will sexually exploit the members of the female gender either through violence or material coercion. In regions with underprivileged economic endowment, prostitution is a rampant practice where women, including minors, obtain financial favors from the members of the male gender in exchange for sexual favors. This dehumanizes the female members of the society. Sexual assault is another problem that propagates inequality among the genders. In the societies that regard women as primarily sexual objects, rape is rampant. Often, many cases go unreported (Inglehart et al. 64). In addition, the concerned authorities’ reaction to cases of sexual assault is usually not firm enough to deter the perpetrators from such acts (Okin 54). Moreover, most constitutional laws do not clearly define the protection of the female gender from sexual offences. Some cultural activities in some communities such as female genital mutilation severely interfere with the sexual functionalities of the female genitalia and pose grievous health risks.
The categories of gender inequality of any nature consider women to be the primary victims of discrimination. Gender disparities adversely affect women in several aspects of their lives and handicaps the women’s progress both socially and economically. In this regard, the inequality hampers the woman’s independence. Thus, universally, gender inequality is a disadvantaged situation of the members of the female gender. Inequalities affecting the male gender rarely manifest any significant adverse effects.