Religion and culture is based on the beliefs held by individuals. Such believed originate from the constructions of the prehistoric civilizations, passed on to us through mediums that leave no doubt about the marvel and divinity of the matter. As observed, the beliefs originated from a wide variety of basic forms of life and based on observable characteristics. The human body provided a basis for such beliefs and practices.
Paleolithic idols dating several thousands of years provide evidence to the possibility that prehistoric worship was based on believe in the presence of a mother goddess. The evidence form the idol was supported by the norm of early European cultures that were marked with matriarchy as posited by. Their procreation abilities were considered sacred.
Leeming & Page (b) (1996) asserts that the mystery surrounding the goddess imposes an immense interest in the characteristics, most of which are laced with awe and fearfulness. Over the conceivable period, the existence of the goddesses has been met with denial and approval. Her powers are boundless and her presence is felt in all forms and lifestyles. Her ability to blend into life and life situations is characterized by the obsession since Neolithic eras.
Despite the inability of early civilizations to comprehend the connection between the female form and male form, the emphasis accorded to the features of the female goddess leaves no doubt about their appreciation of its dominance. With the caves presenting the most appropriate venue for worship of the goddess, tribute was accorded to the similarities of caves to her physical form.
As attribute to the female divine, most cultural groupings accorded the power of gods to female forms. The goddesses were revered and worshipped during times of war and peace. Through song and dance, men sought to appease the female divine and win their favor. Each need category was directed towards a specific goddess whose powers final and beyond reproach. Despite the fact that physical strength was none of their characteristics, the worshipers believed in intrinsic power to give and take.
As outline by Perez (2009), contemporary times are dotted with sanctification of the female goddess. Show business and advertisement revolves around the perceived superiority of the female form. Society protects the female divine with through its systems as a tribute to the perceived divinity. Such protection serves to uphold the perceived sanctity. Their persuasive power has sufficed through out generations. Similarly, the female goddess is viewed as a carrier of truth and justice. Their impartiality is borne out of the need to protect what they have pro-created. Thus,
The powerful fascination possessed by cave paintings is expressed through all civilizations. As a means of communicating messages, cave paintings enable us to decipher the intricate aspects of life. The male divine as presented through cave paintings was portrayed as a sorcerer. Power and dominance is portrayed through use of animal features that depict strength and courage. The spiritual and magical connotation of the display of strength is core to the place he held in the heart of his admirers. His power and strength are expressed through his ability to cure the ill and protect humanity from natural catastrophes. Such catastrophes range from drought to floods.
Leeming & Page (b) (1996) postulate that he prehistoric male form was protected by a mask and animal disguise. The rationale behind the masquerade lies in the fact his identity is separate from his capabilities. Thus, he is universal in nature. His cloak represented universality based on the mystery of his disguise. Under the shamanic practices, he had the ability to transform and communicate with the spirit world. Under the guidance of his spirit, he was able to attend to the needs of the universe, thereby restoring calm (Leeming & Page (b), 1996).
Modern society is characterized by reverence to dominance of male over female forms. In spite of the implications of the female divine, male presence is felt in all occupations. As a result, the capabilities of the male form remain necessary albeit unsung. As observed over the past, modernization is hinged on appreciating efforts of the female form at the backdrop of expecting more from the male forms.
As postulated by Clottes & David (1998), the historical place held by the male divine is still propagated among many societies with cultures looking upon the males to provide for their families in times of calm and chaos. Provision of security and basic needs rests with the dominant male who represents the male divine. However, some societies have not moved from the prehistoric shamanic practices characterized by the male form as posited by clothes & Lewis-William (1998).