Modernization is a model of evolution from a traditional society to a modern society. Social evolution theories describe the teleology of modernization. Some societies have achieved an entire transition from their traditional societies to modernity in various ways. However, historians have linked modernization to industrialization and urbanization. In the social context, modernization relates to the process of rationalization. According to Jaquette (1982), the theory of modernization guides the processes of development in rapidly developing countries such as China. Countries that undergo the process of modernization are not dominated by tradition but rather arrive at governance based on abstract principles. In such societies, the traditional norms and beliefs such as religion are less considered.
Modernization has led to the reconstruction of the social order of the human nature. The transition to the information era has been associated with social disorder in the entire world. Many nations have made a transition into an era described as an information age or the postindustrial era. Thus, as a society transforms, it produces freedom and democracy that are valued most in a modern democracy.
The effects on the social disorder due to the advent of technology have made human societies subject to the process of modernization due to the changes in the production processes. Modernization has affected societies on individualistic premises since there are few alternatives to liberal democracy as well as market capitalism as a crucial organizing principle for the modernized societies.
A nation such as Japan underwent substantial social changes in the mid 19th century. Smaller families characterized the society, and women got paid jobs. The society became characterized an urban life that replaced the rural communities. However, problems such as pollution and increased social problems were rampant. However, the government made a response with new policies that made individuals use the traditional norms to provide meaning to the present. Modernization made the Japanese cities convenient and safe. The classification of the social problems focused much on personal problem solving in contrast to the societal level. These included social issues such as poverty and gender roles.
An example of The Sacred Willow describes four distinct generations in a Vietnamese family life. From the autobiography, we learn how modernization has influenced the life of well educated and an idealistic Vietnamese family. The Sacred Willow provides fresh views on how modernization can affect a country and its people. Initially, The Sacred Willow illustrates how a host of new friends and foes can be used to describe a new country (Linden, 2003).
The Leaves from an Autumn offers a perspective provides a perspective of Japan during Wartime. However, they also indicate a feeling of changing people’s attitude to the war as well as the mechanism of change and social control. Modernization affected the social structures, for instance, The Memoir of Lady Hyegyong has also been used to prove how modernization has tremendously impacted the society in Korea. These are among the works of female writers from the pre-modern Korea. According to historian’s, The Memoirs of Lady Hyegyong is a vital source of information of the last century Korean court of society.
In conclusion, the works of women have been impacted by modernization since their autobiographical narratives have achieved immense popularity for many years and have appeal to many readers.