The expressions “multiracial” and “mixed-race” refer to individuals whose origins are from multiple ethnicities. Unlike the term “biracial”, which frequently denotes having blood relations in two diverse tribes, the word “multiracial” may comprise of biracial individuals, as well as incorporate those with more than two ethnicities in their bloodline. The increase in the number of multiracial citizens has created an amplified requirement for accommodating the incidents and penalties linked with the multiracial status. Additionally, naturalization of a multiracial personality defies modern opinions concerning ethnicity, pushing scholars to produce new thoughts regarding intergroup associations, ethnic disgrace, social distinctiveness, awareness, prejudice, and the union of race with other community groups. In investigating multiracial individuality, it is possible to re-scrutinize the theoretical issues of race and tribal classification by exploring the social practices of multiracial persons (Shih et al. 2005).
Consequently, the number of those who can trace connection in compound ethnic groups has changed considerably. A research on multiracial classification revealed that Britain has one of the highest numbers of "multi-raced’ persons in the world. According to the 2001 census results, almost 2% of the citizens acknowledged being of mixed lineage. In the U.S., the number of multiracial children has increased from 500,000 in 1970 to over 6.8 million in 2000. This sudden increase in the quantity of citizens with multiracial background has elevated the concern over fitting those individuals into the native community groups. In her article, Song (2010) further investigates six cases to demonstrate how multiracial siblings manifest variations in ethnic characteristics. The six cases discussed in her commentary exemplify some of the major arguments and forces common for the multiracial siblings’ views and experiences in relation to one another. Multiracial siblings in the surveyed households displayed a substantial relationship in their viewpoints on race, traditions, faith and nationality, and in their associations with their family, in general.
According to Song (2010), one of the common challenges encountered by individuals from multiracial backgrounds in both their childhood and adulthood is the variance in the personal and public image; hence, the person may get confused during their early stages ofpersonality development, owing to the clashbetween their personal self-description and the one imposed uponfrom the external world. Such individuals are also forced to justify their identity preferences not only to themselves, but also to the society. Multiracial persons frequently face compulsory choice difficulties where they feel obligated to relate to oneof their constituent ethnic groups rather than trying to converge with other ethnicities. Moreover, these people often lack the social role models which they can identify themselves with and seek guidance from, while handling the racial identity. Mostly, multiracial persons face double denial from both the dominant and marginal groups in the society. Identity differences in the family may also send conflicting messages to a multiracial child endangering his future welfare or causing great psychological tension (Song 2010).
Researchers studying multiracial features have faced numerous disputes in struggling to comprehend the procedure of ethnic characterization progress among multiracial persons. Researchers applying the problem approach focus on knowing and recognizing the setbacks connected with having a multiracial individuality. They suggest that a normal marginal person is vulnerable to denial, segregation, and disgrace not only from the prevalent group but also from the marginal groups in community. For instance, persons of Asian/White descent in the United States not only go through bias from the dominant White culture, but also from the Asian society. Therefore, the “marginal person” has to cope with the troubles posed by mono-racial marginal people, although such person must also struggle with extra complexities linked with being multiracial. Consequently, in this marginal category, the person was more vulnerable to specific emotional effects, like low self-esteem, antipathy, or irritability. The problem approach commonly highlighted a negative image and foresaw harmful mental outcomes for multiracial persons (Fernandez 2009).
Evidently, multiracial people experience numerous difficulties related to their ethnic distinctiveness. Traditional assumptions and multiracial characteristics have led to depressing consequences among persons from multiracial lineages. These assumptions reveal that multiracial persons face additional dilemmas related to the growth of cultural identity, thus causing undesired mental effects. Multiracial people experience greater predicaments pertaining to the identity-linked matters, as well as harboring mixed feelings toward their ethnic identities and being less liable to attaining a rational cultural individuality. The other deduction is that multiracial people experience poor mental and regulation results, all branching from these distinctiveness concerns (Shih et al 2005).