Poverty is a social phenomenon that is exceptionally complicated. Attempts to discover its causes are complicated as well. It is stereotyped that the poor cause their own poverty on the basis of the notion that in America, everything is possible. Everything that has a cause must have an effect. Poverty is no objection to this notion. Poverty creates negative consequences for society such as health problems, domestic violence, and the risk of HIV particularly in young women. These are just but a few of the many serious consequences resulting from poverty.

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Health Problems. Children who are brought up in poverty suffer more frequent, persistent, as well as acute health problems in comparison with children who are brought up under improved financial circumstances. Majority of infants born in poor families are underweight, which is related to many preventable physical and mental disabilities. These poor infants are more likely to die prior first birthday in addition to being more possibly to be irritable or sickly. These illnesses cause children brought up in poverty to miss school more often. These kids have a much higher accidents rate as compared to other children. In addition, these poor kids are twice as possibly to have impaired hearing and vision, higher than normal levels of blood lead that can impair their brain function, and they can suffer from iron deficiency as well.

Risk of HIV in young women. Poverty has been a central factor for the risk of HIV for a young woman. Many researchers have conducted study to evaluate this relationship. Most outcomes of the studies reveal that poverty plays a significant role in an individual increased risk of acquiring HIV especially among young women. The link between poverty and HIV infection has been documented however, the exact type of poverty detrimental to increasing the risk is not known particularly for youth. While examining the asset vulnerability framework of HIV, other types of assets besides the money-metric approach should be sorted. The examination methods should include the contextual variables examined often in neighborhood effects. The use of condom is less in poor households especially for young women. Poverty is thus a central factor in increasing the risk of HIV.

Domestic Violence. Families experiencing domestic violence are mostly poverty victims. There are studies that have been found to examine the association between poverty and domestic violence. For instance, 63% of current welfare recipients in Michigan have experienced physical abuse during their lifetime as has been shown by research. Half of homeless children and women report being victims of violence in families. The poverty of women as well as children who have undergone domestic violence has been contributed by numerous factors like lack of accessibility to legal help, lack of affordable housing. Barrier to employment is a significant factor in this case. These barriers include psychological effects of family violence, abuser’s sabotage, and user manipulation. These barriers may result into absenteeism, lack of productivity, and tardiness. The victims return home to their abusers if they are not assisted.


Poverty has been found to be a major social problem that has numerous negative consequences resulting. Lack of funds makes life hard such that individuals die early due to preventable diseases. This paper has also found a close relationship between poverty and the risk of acquiring HIV. Additionally, domestic violence is also a major negative effect resulting from poverty. Its victims suffer physical and mental disabilities leading to worsening of their poverty conditions. Hence, the government as well as the State bears the responsibility of eradicating human suffering by fighting poverty.

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