Poverty is a state where people have little or no means of livelihood including food, shelter and healthcare. Poverty has been a commonplace in the developing world with a vast majority of the population only living for the day. This is often marked with constant deaths, either from hunger or minor ailments because of significantly reduced body immunity. In light of this, the developed countries have embarked on poverty alleviation exercise by providing funding for various projects that can give money to the people. This they target at empowering the population to drive their own economic advancements. However, the question that remains unanswered is just where the final buck lies. Annual Review of Development Effectiveness (2004).
Ethics determine that the rich countries should help the poor ones. In fact, it is something the rich countries have done so passionately for several years. Perhaps this has resulted from the belief that they will benefit economically by ending global poverty. This is due to belief that poverty in the world causes wars and a general sense of insecurity which is not good for the productivity of the rich countries. Nonetheless, real solutions for poverty must target the cause. That is essentially where these strategies miss the point, thus often seen as unsuccessful. World Bank, India (1997).
Education is a key factor to poverty alleviation. The form of education that the people get determines their productivity and the ability to use their knowledge to create opportunities. However, the rich countries have very little control over the kind of education policies that the developing countries adopt and how they implement them. Due to this fact, it remains a responsibility of the poor states to realign their academic policies to give production skills to the scholars rather than prepare them for white collar jobs that don’t really exist. Annual Review of Development Effectiveness (2004).
Social policies clearly have a bearing to a countries development. In the vast majority of the poor states, there is a glaring disparity in wealth distribution. More often than not, it is between rival ethnic groups or gender or even age. This has the disadvantage of killing the people’s morale and essentially makes them unproductive. The women folk in spite of having a great economic potential are given a wide berth when allocating the resources meant for poverty allocation. Besides, the energetic youth population is not properly involved. These disparities squarely rest with the government policies and the people in government. Indeed, in most cases the skewed pattern of distribution has been seen even with donor funds put in the hands of the governments. This clearly shows that no matter how much aid is given to the developing world, these governments themselves hold key to the overall success. World Bank, India (1997).
Several attempts have been made in countries like South Africa without success. For instance, the government seemingly looks unable reduce inequalities inflicted on the women in rural areas. Besides, their policies have been directed mostly at the formal sector thereby muzzling the informal sector the more. These inadequacies stem from poor implementation of the projects. Albert Nyberg & Scott Rozelle (1999).
Every action has to be taken to make the world a safe place, including poverty reduction. However, emphasis has to shift from mere aid to something more substantial like improving the education systems to create jobs rather than prepare people for jobs. This must be achieved if the governments of the developing countries work hand in hand with the developing world. Similarly, the developed world must show sincerity in their dealings. This is the only way poverty is going to reduce substantially in the near future. Albert Nyberg & Scott Rozelle (1999).